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Cyrtodactylus aequalis BAUER, 2003

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCyrtodactylus aequalis BAUER 2003 
DistributionS Myanmar (Burma: Kyaik-Hti-Yo Wildlife Sanctuary in Mon State)

Type locality: Kyaik-Hti-Yo Wildlife Sanctuary, Kyaik Hto Township, Mon State, Myanmar (17°26’38.1’’N, 97°05’56.8’’’E) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: CAS 222185 
CommentDEFINITION.— A moderately sized Cyrtodactylus, snout-vent length of unique holotype 90 mm; body slender, limbs robust, digits long; one pair of enlarged postmental scales in broad contact with one another behind mental; dorsum with 24 longitudinal rows of relatively large, strongly keeled tubercles; 24 enlarged ventral scales between distinct ventrolateral folds; no precloacal groove, 9 minute precloacal pores in female type, 3–4 minute femoral pores separated from precloacal pores by a diastema. Fourteen subdigital lamellae beneath 4th toe of pes distal to basal digital inflection, eight broad lamellae proximal to inflection. Subcaudal scales forming transverse plates approximately 2/3 width of tail. Dorsal pattern of paired dark markings bordered by thin white lines (one on occiput, one across shoulders, five between limb insertions). Top of head with white vermiform marks on parietal table and frontonasal region. Tail with alternating light and dark bands.

DIAGNOSIS.— Cyrtodactylus aequalis may be distinguished from all congeners on the basis of its long digits, dorsum with 24 longitudinal rows of relatively large, strongly keeled tubercles (Fig. 19), 24 enlarged ventral scales between distinct ventrolateral folds (Fig. 20), no precloacal groove, 9 minute precloacal pores in female type, 3–4 minute femoral pores separated from precloacal pores by a diastema, subcaudal scales forming transverse plates approximately 2/3 width of tail, dorsal pattern of paired dark markings bordered by thin white lines (one on occiput, one across shoulders, five between limb insertions), and top of head with white vermiform markings. Although the comparison of the precloacal and femoral pore characters of the female type of C. aequalis with those of males has some limitations, it may be assumed that males also possess femoral pores, though the number of such pores may be higher. Pore characters aside, the relatively large number of dorsal tubercle rows and small number of ventral scale rows results in equal counts for these two parameters. This situation is unique in the genus and serves to diagnose the species from all other congeners [from BAUER 2003]. 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin aequalis meaning “same,” in reference to the fact that the number of dorsal tubercle rows equals the number of ventral scale rows across midbody between the ventrolateral folds. This condition is unique among species of Cyrtodactylus. 
References
  • Bauer, A.M. 2003. Descriptions of seven new Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) with a key to the species of Myanmar (Burma). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54: 463-498
  • Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. 2008. A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa 1729: 8–22 - get paper here
  • Sumontha, M., Panitvong, N. & Deein, G. 2010. Cyrtodactylus auribalteatus (Squamata: Gekkonidae), a new cave- dwelling gecko from Phitsanulok Province, Thailand. Zootaxa 2370: 53–64 - get paper here
  • TRI, NGO VAN 2013. Cyrtodactylus dati, a new forest dwelling Bent-toed Gecko (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 3616 (2): 151–164 - get paper here
  • Youmans, Timothy M. & L. Lee Grismer 2006. A new species of Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Seribuat Archipelago, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 10 (1): 61-70
 
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