Cyrtodactylus collegalensis (BEDDOME, 1870)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Cyrtodactylus collegalensis?
|Higher Taxa||Gekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)|
|Common Names||Forest Spotted gecko, Kollegal Ground Gecko|
|Synonym||Gymnodactylus Collegalensis BEDDOME 1870: 173|
Gymnodactylus collegalensis — SMITH 1935: 56
Gymnodactylus collegalensis — TAYLOR 1953: 1532
Gymnodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) collegalensis [sic] — WERMUTH 1965: 49
Cyrtodactylus collagalensis — KLUGE 1983: 475
Cyrtodactylus (Geckoella) collagalensis — ULBER & GERICKE 1988
Geckoella collagalensis — KLUGE 1991: 8
Cyrtodactylus collagalensis — RÖSLER 1995: 109
Cyrtodactylus (Geckoella) collagalensis — RÖSLER 2000: 65
Geckoella collegalensis — ZIESMANN et al. 2007
Cyrtodactylus cf. collegalensis — KÄSTLE et al. 2013: 439
Cyrtodactylus (Geckoella) collegalensis — WOOD et al. 2012 (by implication)
Geckoella collegalensis — AGARWAL & KARANTH 2015
Cyrtodactylus (Geckoella) collegalensis — AGARWAL et al. 2016
Type locality: "Balarangams... near Yellundur" (= Biligiri Rangan Hills, 11° 54'N; 77° 14'E, Mysore, Karnataka State, southwestern India). Map legend:
- Type locality.
|Types||Holotype. BMNH 19184.108.40.206; Syntypes: BMNH 19220.127.116.11-29|
|Comment||Distribution: northern Indian populations have been split off as C. varadgirii. C. collegalensis s. str. (as defined by Agarwal et al. 2016) are restricted to Karnataka. Previously, C. collegalensis was considered to be widespread in India (Western Ghats, Kerala, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra), but also to occur in Nepal and Sri Lanka.|
Synonymy: Gymnodactylus speciosus BEDDOME 1870 has long been synonymized with C. collegalensis (e.g. by Smith 1935) but has been revalidated more recently (e.g. Agarwal et al. 2015, 2016).
Original description in Amarasinghe et al. 2009.
Diagnosis. Cyrtodactylus collegalensis (and members of the C. collegalensis complex) can be separated from all other Cyrtodactylus species by entirely homogeneous dorsal scalation, the absence of a precloacal groove, no enlarged precloacal or femoral scales, and no precloacal or femoral pores. C. collegalensis and members of the C. collegalensis complex differ from other Geckoella species in homogeneous dorsal scalation that consists of small, granular scales (vs. large flattened or granular dorsal scales, interspersed with a few or numerous tubercles in C. albofasciatus, C. deccanensis and C. triedrus; enlarged, hexagonal scales in C. jeyporensis; tubercles present in C. nebulosus; presence of few enlarged scales near hind-limbs in C. yakhuna). Geckoella collegalensis can be additionally be differentiated from the Sri Lankan C. yakhuna by dorsal colour pattern (three rows of paired spots/ 8-shaped markings between limb insertions, equal to or wider than interspaces vs. one or two rows of spots/bands, equal to or narrower than interspaces). Cyrtodactylus collegalensis is most similar to C. speciosus, but can be differentiated by a number of characters which are detailed after the systematic account of C. speciosus (Agarwal et al. 2016).
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