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Cyrtodactylus durio GRISMER, ANUAR, QUAH, MUIN, ONN, GRISMER & AHMAD, 2010

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Durian Bent-toed Gecko 
SynonymCyrtodactylus durio GRISMER, ANUAR, QUAH, MUIN, ONN, GRISMER & AHMAD 2010
Cyrtodactylus durio — GRISMER 2011
Cyrtodactylus durio — GRISMER & QUAH 2019 
DistributionNW Peninsular Malaysia (Kedah)

Type locality: Sungai Sedim, Kedah (02°06.581’N, 102°19.757’E; 39 m elevation), Peninsular Malaysia.  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: ZRC 2.6906, adult male, collected by Evan Quah, Shahrul Anuar, and Mohd Abdul Muin on 20 March 2010. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cyrtodactylus durio is distinguished from all other Sunda Shelf species by having a maximum SVL of 79.3 mm; large, conical, elongate, keeled tubercles on body limbs and tail; elongate, spinose tubercles in ventrolateral body fold and on ventrolateral margin of tail; 16 longitudinal rows of tubercles at midbody; 59 ventral scales; no transversely enlarged, median, subcaudal scales; proximal subdigital lamellae transversely expanded; 22 subdigital lamellae on fourth toe; no abrupt transition between postfemoral and ventral femoral scales; no digital webbing; two nearly parallel rows of six enlarged, pore-bearing precloacal scales opposing a shallow precloacal sulcus; tail round in cross-section, lacking ventrolateral caudal fringe; no white reticulum on head; and faint, squarish blotches on body. These characters are summarized across all Sunda Shelf species in Chan and Norhayati (2010; Table 1).
CommentDistribution: See map in Harvey et al. 2016: 526 (Fig. 5).

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet durio is in reference to the Latin generic name Durio for the durian fruits of Asia. It is derived from the Latin root dur, meaning hard or duable. Its application as the specific epithet herein is based on the similar spiny exterior of both the durian and the gecko. 
  • Grismer, L. L., Wood, P. L., Poyarkov, N. A., Le, M. D., Kraus, F., Agarwal, I., ... & Grismer, J. L. 2021. Phylogenetic partitioning of the third-largest vertebrate genus in the world, Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Reptilia; Squamata; Gekkonidae) and its relevance to taxonomy and conservation. Vertebrate Zoology 71: 101–154 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Perry L. Wood, Jr. and Kelvin K. P. Lim 2012. Cyrtodactylus majulah, a new species of bent-toed gecko (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Singapore and the Riau Archipelago. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 60 (2): 487-499 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; SHAHRUL ANUAR, EVAN QUAH, MOHD ABDUL MUIN, CHAN KIN ONN, JESSE L. GRISMER & NORHAYATI AHMAD 2010. A new spiny, prehensile-tailed species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Peninsular Malaysia with a preliminary hypothesis of relationships based on morphology. Zootaxa 2625: 40–52 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; KYLE A. O’CONNELL, ELIJAH WOSTL, AWAL RIYANTO, NIA KURNIAWAN, ERIC N. SMITH, L. LEE GRISMER 2016. Redescription Cyrtodactylus lateralis (Werner) (Squamata: Gekkonidae) and Phylogeny of the Prehensile-tailed Cyrtodactylus. Zootaxa 4107 (4): 517-540 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Onn, Chan Kin & Norhayati Ahmad 2010. A new insular species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northeastern Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia. Zootaxa 2389: 47–56 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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