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Cyrtodactylus jarakensis GRISMER, CHAN, GRISMER, WOOD & BELABUT, 2008

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Jarak Island Bent-toed Gecko 
SynonymCyrtodactylus jarakensis GRISMER, CHAN, GRISMER, WOOD & BELABUT 2008
Cyrtodactylus jarakensis — GRISMER 2011
Cyrtodactylus jarakensis — GRISMER & QUAH 2019 
DistributionW Malaysia (Pulau Jarak, Perak)

Type locality: Pulau Jarak, Perak, West Malaysia (04°04.001 N, 100°27.160 E; 20 m elevation).  
TypesHolotype: ZRC 2.6753, adult female; field number DB07 (129)) collected by Daicus Belabut (DB) on 25 November 2007. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cyrtodactylus jarakensis is distinguished from all other Sunda Shelf species by having a maximum SVL of 67.0 mm; low, rounded, weakly keeled, body tubercles; tubercles occurring on the occiput, forelimbs, hind limbs, and beyond base of tail; 61 ventral scales; subcaudal scales small, nearly granular; proximal subdigital lamellae transversely expanded; 24 subdigital lamellae on fourth toe; smooth transition between postfemoral and ventral femoral scales; no enlarged femoral or precloacal scales or pore-bearing scales; no precloacal groove or depression; no white reticulum on head; large, isolated, dark spots on head and body; distinct black and white caudal bands. These characters are summarized across all Sunda Shelf species in Table 1 in GRISMER et al. 2008. 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet jarakensis is in reference to the type locality. 
  • Grismer, L. Lee & Ahmad, N. 2008. A new insular species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 1924: 53–68 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn; Grismer, J.L.; Wood, P.L. & Belabut, D. 2008. Three new species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 1921: 1–23 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Perry L. Wood, Jr. and Kelvin K. P. Lim 2012. Cyrtodactylus majulah, a new species of bent-toed gecko (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Singapore and the Riau Archipelago. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 60 (2): 487-499 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Onn, Chan Kin & Norhayati Ahmad 2010. A new insular species of Cyrtodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northeastern Peninsular Malaysia, Malaysia. Zootaxa 2389: 47–56 - get paper here
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