Cyrtodactylus mamanwa WELTON, SILER, LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN, 2010
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|Higher Taxa||Gekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)|
|Common Names||E: Mamanwa Bent-toed Gecko|
|Synonym||Cyrtodactylus mamanwa WELTON, SILER, LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2010|
Gymnodactylus philippinicus — GÜNTHER 1879: 76
Gymnodactylus philippinicus — BOULENGER 1885: 46 (part)
Gymnodactylus agusanensis — TAYLOR 1915: 90
Gymnodactylus agusanensis — TAYLOR 1922: 49
Cyrtodactylus agusanensis — BROWN & ALCALA 1978: 16 (part)
Type locality: Dinagat Island, Dinagat Province, Municipality of Loreto, Barangay Santiago, Sitio Cambinlia (Sudlon), Mt. Cambinlia (10.344° N, 125.618° E, 195 m; WGS84
|Reproduction||oviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022)|
|Types||Holotype: PNM 9725 (formerly KU 310109; field no. RMB 8380), adult male, collected on 30 July 2007 by Jason B. Fernandez.|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. Cyrtodactylus mamanwa is distinguished from C. agusanensis by post- cloacal tubercles 4–7 (vs. 8–11); anterior– posterior dorsal band projections moderate (vs. extensive); dark dorsal band enclosing light bands (vs. light bands not enclosed); and cephalic tubercles small (vs. moderate). Cy- rtodactylus mamanwa also shows tendencies toward fewer subdigital lamellae beneath Finger III (18–23 vs. 21–24) and midbody dorsals (95–112 vs. 111–124); and a greater number of scales separating pore-bearing precloacal and femoral scales (15–21 vs. 13– 17).|
From C. gubaot (Leyte), C. mamanwa is distinguished by paravertebrals 173–192 (vs. 150–162); venter cream (vs. dark gray with white flecks); the absence (vs. presence) of a canthal stripe; dark dorsal bands enclosing light bands (vs. light bands not enclosed); and cephalic tubercles small (vs. large). Cyrtodac- tylus mamanwa also shows tendencies toward a greater number of paravertebral tubercles (25–31 vs. 19–27).
From C. sumuroi (Samar), C. mamanwa is distinguished by the absence (vs. presence) of a canthal stripe; anterior–posterior dorsal band projections moderate (vs. minimal or absent); cephalic tubercles small (vs. moder- ate); and caudal annuli with dorsal tubercles 7–12 (vs. 3–7). Cyrtodactylus mamanwa also exhibits tendencies toward a greater number of midbody dorsals (95–112 vs. 87–98), mid- body ventrals (57–70 vs. 53–58), and paraver- tebrals (173–192 vs. 163–180).
The new species can be readily diagnosed from all other Philippine congeners by char- acters of body size and scalation (Table 3). Cyrtodactylus mamanwa can be distinguished from C. annulatus, C. tautbatorum, C. jam- bangan, and C. philippinicus by the presence (vs. absence) of femoral pore-bearing scales; it is further distinguished from all these species and C. redimiculus by having a greater number of pore-bearing precloacofemorals; from C. annulatus, C. tautbatorum, and C. jambangan by having a greater number of midbody dorsals and paravertebrals; from C. annulatus, C. tautbatorum, and C. redimicu- lus by having a greater number of midbody tubercle rows; from C. annulatus and C. tautbatorum by having a greater number of subdigital lamellae beneath Toe IV; from C. tautbatorum and C. jambangan by dark dorsal bands enclosing light bands (vs. light bands not enclosed); from C. tautbatorum by having a greater number of subdigital lamellae beneath Finger III and the absence of a canthal stripe; from C. redimiculus by having a greater number of paravertebral tubercles and pronounced anterior–posterior dorsal band projections; and from C. jambangan by having a greater number of caudal annuli with dorsal tubercles.
|Comment||Synonymy after WELTON et al. 2010. C. mamanwa was split from the C. agusanensis complex (Welton et al. 2010).|
|Etymology||The specific epithet is chosen in recognition of the rapidly disappearing southern Leyte, Dinagat, and Agusan Del Norte Province indigenous people’s group, the Mamanwa (‘‘people of the mountains’’ or ‘‘first forest dwellers’’). Believed by some archeologists and anthropologists to be the oldest tribal group in the Philippines, the history of the Mamanwa is characterized by peace; seasonal movements of clan groups to follow food sources; and recently, mass tribal migration to escape logging and mining company intrusion into their ancestral homelands.|
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