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Cyrtodactylus shwetaungorum GRISMER, WOOD JR, THURA, ZIN, QUAH, MURDOCH, GRISMER, LIN, KYAW & LWIN, 2017

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesShwetaung bent-toed gecko 
SynonymCyrtodactylus shwetaungorum GRISMER, WOOD JR, THURA, ZIN, QUAH, MURDOCH, GRISMER, LIN, KYAW & LWIN 2017: 38 
DistributionMyanmar (Mandalay Region)

Type locality: 5.0 km north of Pyinyaung Village at the Apache Cement factory mining site, Mandalay Region (N20°52.191, E96°24.296; 624 m in elevation).  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: LSUHC 12937, Adult male collected on 12 October 2016 at 1930 h by Thaw Zin, Evan S. H. Quah, L. Lee Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., Myint Kyaw Thura, Matthew L. Murdoch and Htet Kyaw.
Paratypes: Adult males LSUHC 12935 and BYU 52226 and subadult female BYU 52227 bear the same collection data as the holotype. Adult females LSUHC 12897 and BYU 52225 and juvenile female LSUHC 12896 were collected on 11 October 2016 between 1800 and 2200 h by L. Lee Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., Myint Kyaw Thura, Evan S. H. Quah, Thaw Zin, Matthew L. Murdoch and Htet Kyaw from 5.3 km north of Pyinyaung Village at the Apache Cement factory mining site, Mandalay Region (N20°52.273, E96°24.319; 731 m in elevation). 
CommentThe close morphological similarity between C. linnwayensis sp. nov. and C. shewtaungorum sp. nov. leaves open the hypothesis that these two species may be conspecific and their sister species relationship may be a result of sampling error despite their minimum sequence divergence of 10.2%. Although they are separated from one another by approximately 40 km straight-line distance across an intermontane valley and occur at different elevations in different climates and different types of forests—a cool, wet, upland forest at 1130 m in elevation for C. linnwayensis sp. nov. and a hot, dry, lowland forest at 642–735 m for C. shwetaungorm sp. nov.—they occupy a fairly continuous, mountainous terrain bearing sporadic karst habitats and caves that arc around the northern end of an intermontane valley. Plans have been made to collect from additional karst areas between their localities (if they exist) and to test the ‘different species and sampling error’ hypotheses. At this juncture, we believe the ecological, morphological and genetic data favour a separate species hypothesis. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet, shwetaungorum (pronounced shway-tong-orum), is a patronym honouring the Shwe Taung Cement Company Limited for their genuine, proactive efforts to protect the biodiversity encompassed in their mining operations in Myanmar by setting aside areas to be reserved and not quarried. The company is particularly interested in setting aside specific areas to protect C. pyinyaungensis sp. nov. and C. shwetaungorum sp. nov. 
References
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; PERRY L. WOOD, JR., MYINT KYAW THURA, THAW ZIN, EVAN S. H. QUAH, MATTHEW L. MURDOCH, MARTA S. GRISMER, AUNG LIN, HTET KYAW and NGWE LWIN 2017. Twelve new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from isolated limestone habitats in east- central and southern Myanmar demonstrate high localized diversity and unprecedented microendemism Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 182: 862-959
 
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