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Cyrtodactylus subsolanus BATUWITA & BAHIR, 2005

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymCyrtodactylus subsolanus BATUWITA & BAHIR 2005 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: in a cardamom plantation at Dolahena Estate, near Morningside Forest Reserve, adjacent to and east of the SinharajaWorld Heritage Site, Ratnapura District (06°25’10”N, 80°36’30”E, elevation 850 m). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: WHT 5999, adult male (99.5 mm SVL), (a 10 mm portion removed from tail tip and preserved inethanol). 
CommentDiagnosis.– Cyrtodactylus subsolanus is distinguished from all other congeners by the combination of the following characters: subdigital lamellae beneath proximal portion of 4th digit of manus, 9–10; beneath distal portion, 12–1; basal lamellae under proximal portion as wide as digit width. Subdigital lamellae beneath proximal portion of 4th digit of pes, 8–10, beneath distal portion, 1–14; 1–4 fragmented basal lamellae beneath distal portion of each digit; no precloacal groove; 5 precloacal pores in males; claws long (ClawLM/ ForeaL ratio 0.11–0.12; ClawLP/ CrusLratio 0.12–0.15); mental subtriangular. Scales across mid-body between ventrolateral folds, 0–2. Dorsal scales across mid-body between ventrolateral folds, 60–65. Tubercles on paravertebral row, 21–26 (tubercles absent on neck). Dorsal tubercles at mid-body in 6–8 rows. Ventral scales imbricate to subimbricate, imbricate on groin, with rounded posterior edges. Original tail shorter than body (TailL/ SVL ratiorange 0.9–0.96). Cyrtodactylus subsolanus resembles C. cracens new species and C. fraenatus. It may be distinguished from the latter by its indistinct dorsal pattern, vs. distinct dorsal pattern; and from former by having a broader head (HeadW/HeadL ratio 0.71–0.72) and raised dorsal tubercles, vs. narrower head (HeadW/HeadL ratio 0.65) and flattened dorsal tubercles; and also its comparatively short claws. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “subsolanus” for ‘eastern’, a reference to the restriction of this species to the eastern border of the Sinharaja World Heritage Site. 
References
  • Batuwita, S. & M. M. Bahir 2005. Description of five new species of Cyrtodactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Sri Lanka. Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. No. 12: 351-380 - get paper here
  • Janzen, Peter and Malaka Bopage 2011. The herpetofauna of a small and unprotected patch of tropical rainforest in Morningside, Sri Lanka. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (2): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. 2008. A new species of Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Malaysia including a literature survey of mensural and meristic data in the genus. Zootaxa 1729: 8–22 - get paper here
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
 
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