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Cyrtopodion kiabii AHMADZADEH, FLECKS, TORKI & BÖHME, 2011

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Kiabii’s angular-toed gecko 
SynonymCyrtopodion kiabii AHMADZADEH, FLECKS, TORKI & BÖHME 2011
Cyrtopodion kiabii — BAUER et al. 2013 
DistributionS Iran (S Bushehr)

Type locality: 4.5 km SW of Nayband village at a distance of approx. 300 m to coast of Persian Gulf, 27°21’9.5’’ N, 52°37’56.5’’ E, 108 m above sea level, Bushehr Province, southern Iran.  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 91834 (field no. 138), adult male, collected on 14 July 2007 by F. Ahmadzadeh. Paratypes. ZFMK 91835 (field no. 190), adult female, same locality and collection data as the holotype; ZFMK 91836, adult male, same locality as the holotype, collected on 30 June 2010 by F. Ahmadzadeh. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small and slender Cyrtopodion species of the agamuroides-group with angular-shaped toes and a maximal snout-vent length of 46.9 mm. Limbs are very long and thin, so that knee and elbow—at least in males— meet when pressed alongside the straightened body. The head width is less than two thirds of the head length and the neck is about half as wide as the head, underlining the overall appearance, which is even more delicate than in the other species of the agamuroides-group. The eyes are large in relation to the short snout, which is barely longer than the diameter of the orbit (fig. 2). Due to the swollen nasals, the nostrils seem to be mounted. Postmentals are distinctly larger than the posterior gular scales, whereas Agamura has small, indistinguishable postmentals. The anterior pair of postmentals may be in contact or separated from each other by a diminutive median scale (fig. 2). Ventrals are large, with ten to twelve scales transversely across midbody (fig. 3), which is less in number than in the related species (14 to 18 in C. gastropholis, 22 to 28 in C. golubevi, 28 to 32 in C. persepolense, and 28 to 38 in C. agamuroides). Longitudinally, there are 98 to 104 scales between the mental and the vent, which is at the upper end of the variation observed within C. gastropholis and less than in the remaining species. Subdigital lamellae are not tuberculous as in Bunopus. Numbers under the fourth finger and fourth toe range from 22 to 24 and 25 to 28, respectively. Males possess four active preanal pores (fig. 4), separating the species from C. agamuroides which has only two. The subfemoral scales are larger than the surrounding scales, but no femoral pores or femoral tuber- cles are developed, distinguishing it from all members of the subgenus Tenuidactylus. Dorsal tubercles are roundish and equal to or larger than interspaces (versus trihedral and smaller than interspaces in the subgenus Cyrtopodion) and arranged in nine rows along the back. The tail is whorled and distinct caudal tubercles are present, both charac- ters further discriminating this species from Agamura. The tubercles form the terminal row of each whorl opposed to being located in the middle of each whorl as in Mediodactylus. The subcaudal scalation is homogenous, a char- acter practicable to distinguish all members of the agamuroides-group from the otherwise similar C. kirmanense which has a heterogeneous scalation under the tail. Subcaudals are arranged in a single row of transversely enlarged scales, as in C. gastropholis and C. golubevi, whereas, in C. persepolense the enlarged subcaudals are bifurcated and form a double row. In contrast, C. agamuroides does not have distinctly enlarged subcaudals.
CommentDistribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
Etymology“We name this new species in honour of Dr. Bahram Hassanzadeh Kiabi (Shahid Beheshti University of Tehran, Iran) to appreciate his indefatigable work as an ecologist who contributed greatly to the knowledge of Persian wildlife.” 
  • AHMADZADEH, FARAHAM; MORRIS FLECKS, FARHANG TORKI & WOLFGANG BÖHME 2011. A new species of angular-toed gecko, genus Cyrtopodion (Squamata: Gekkoni- dae), from southern Iran. Zootaxa 2924: 22–32 - get paper here
  • BAUER, AARON M.; RAFAQAT MASROOR, JAMES TITUS-MCQUILLAN, MATTHEW P. HEINICKE,, JUAN D. DAZA & TODD R. JACKMAN 2013. A preliminary phylogeny of the Palearctic naked-toed geckos (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) with taxonomic implications. Zootaxa 3599 (4): 301–324 - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Nazarov, Roman A.;Dmitry А. Bondarenko, Mehdi Radjabizadeh 2012. A New Species of Thin-Toed Geckos Cyrtopodion sensu lato (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Hormozgan Province, South Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 292-298 - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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