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Cyrtopodion scabrum (HEYDEN, 1827)

IUCN Red List - Cyrtopodion scabrum - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Sauria (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesRough bent-toed gecko, Rough-tailed Bowfoot Gecko 
SynonymStenodactylus scaber HEYDEN 1827: 15
Gymnodactylus scaber — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 421
Gymnodactylus geckoides — SCHREIBER 1875: 482 (non SPIX fide BOULENGER 1885: 27)
Gymnodactylus scaber — MURRAY 1884: 110
Gymnodactylus scaber RÜPP. — BOULENGER 1885: 27
Cyrtodactylus scaber — UNDERWOOD 1954
Gymnodactylus scaber— LEVITON 1959
Gymnodactylus (Cyrtodactylus) scaber — WERMUTH 1965: 66
Cyrtodactylus basoglui BARAN & GRUBER 1982
Tenuidactylus scaber — SZCZERBAK & GOLUBEV 1986
Cyrtopodion scaber — KLUGE 1985
Cyrtopodion scabrum — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 85
Tenuidactylus scaber — SINDACO 1995
Cyrtopodion scaber — RÖSLER 2000: 75
Cyrtopodion scabrum — CROTHER 2000
Cyrtopodion scabrum — KHAN 2003
Cyrtopodion scaber — NAZAROV & RAJABIZADEH 2007
Cyrtopodion (Cyrtopodion) scabrum — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionTurkey, Egypt [Siwa Oasis: HR 31: 254], Sinai/Tor, Israel, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Kuwait
Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, India (incl. Gujarat), Pakistan, Jordan, Afghanistan,
USA (introduced to Texas)

basoglui: Turkey

Type locality: restricted to “Umgebung von Tor (Sinai)” by MERTENS 1922. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesLectotype SMF 8180, male [designated by Mertens, 1967:60] 
CommentNot listed by Engelmann et al. (1993). The name Cyrtopodion is neuter, hence the specific epithet has to be scabrum (fide CROTHER 2000).

Type species: Stenodactylus scaber HEYDEN 1827 is the type species of the genus Cyrtopodion FITZINGER 1843.

Diagnosis (= definition of genus): Digits clawed, slender, distal two or three phalanges make an angle with the proximal portion of the digits; a single series of smooth transverse subdigital lamellae; end of digit weakly or not at all laterally compressed; generally three or more rows of lateral scales on digits; no fringes or denticulations on lateral digital scales; longitudinal concavity in frontal region of head, as a rule, absent or weakly developed; usually not more than 30 scales between centers of eyes; pupil vertical with lobed anterior and posterior margins; usually two or three pairs of postmental shields, the first pair usually in contact behind the mental; males with preanal and/or femoral pores; segmentation of tail pronounced [from LEVITON et al. 1992]. 
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