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Daboia mauritanica GRAY, 1849

IUCN Red List - Daboia mauritanica - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Moorish Viper
G: Atlasotter
G: Saharaotter [deserti] 
SynonymEchidna mauritanica DUMÉRIL & BIBRON in GUICHENOT 1848: 24 (nom. nud.)
Clotho ? mauritanica GRAY 1849: 27 (fide HARDING & WELCH 1980)
Echidna mauritanica — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1431
Echidna mauritanica — GÜNTHER 1859: 226
Vipera confluenta COPE 1864: 181
Vipera lebetina var. deserti ANDERSON 1892: 20
Vipera lebetina deserti - SCHWARZ 1936
Vipera lebetina mauritanica - SCHWARZ 1936
Vipera mauritanica deserti - KRAMER & SCHNURRENBERGER 1959
Vipera lebetina desertorum in MARINKELLE 1959:35
Vipera lebetina desertori — MARINKELLE 1962:15
Vipera mauritanica deserti — SOCHUREK 1979
Vipera mauritanica mauritanica — SOCHUREK 1979
Vipera lebetina mauritanica — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Vipera lebetina deserti — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Daboia lebetina deserti - OBST 1983
Daboia lebetina mauritanica - OBST 1983
Macrovipera mauretanica - HERRMANN, JOGER & NILSON 1992
Macrovipera deserti - HERRMANN, JOGER & NILSON 1992
Vipera mauritanica deserti — WELCH 1994: 123
Vipera mauritanica mauritanica — WELCH 1994: 123
Macrovipera mauritanica — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 385
Macrovipera deserti — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 383
Daboia deserti — LENK et al. 2001
Daboia mauritanica — LENK et al. 2001
Daboia mauritanica — WÜSTER et al. 2008
Daboia deserti — PHELPS 2010
Macrovipera (Laidlawus) deserti — HOSER 2012 (preliminary)
Daboia deserti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 207
Daboia mauritanica — WALLACH et al. 2014: 207 
DistributionMorocco, Western Sahara, N Algeria, Tunisia

Type locality: Restricted to “Oran” (Algeria) fide SCHWARZ (1936).

deserti: S Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya; Type locality: "Duirat, South Tunisia." Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 4017
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.18.28 [deserti] 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy: Martínez-Freiría et al. 2017 synonymized D. deserti (and thereby, all north African Daboia) with D. mauritania.

Subspecies: Vipera mauritanica deserti has been elevated to species status.

Phylogenetics: Macrovipera mauritanica and M. lebetina are paraphyletic based on mtDNA sequences. M. mauritanica may be renamed to Daboia mauritanica (GARRIGUES et al. 2005).

NCBI taxonID: 110203 [deserti] 
References
  • Anderson, J.A. 1892. On a small collection of Mammals, Reptiles, and Batrachians from Barbary. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1892: 3-24 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1864. On a species of Vipera hitherto unknown. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 13: 181-182 - get paper here
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Edition Chimaira, Terralog 15, 150 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1848. In: Guichenot. Explor. Sci. Algérie 5: 1-144
  • GARCÍA-CARDENETE, Luis; M. Victoria FLORES-STOLS & Saúl YUBERO 2017. New cases of syntopy between viperid snakes (Viperidae) in the Atlantic Sahara Go-South Bull. (2017), 14, 139-141 - get paper here
  • Garrigues, Thomas; Catherine Dauga; Elisabeth Ferquel; Valérie Choumet and Anna-Bella Failloux 2005. Molecular phylogeny of Vipera Laurenti, 1768 and the related genera Macrovipera (Reuss, 1927) and Daboia (Gray, 1842), with comments about neurotoxic Vipera aspis aspis populations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution <br />Volume 35 (1): 35-47 - get paper here
  • Geniez, P.; Mateo, J.A.; Geniez, M. & Pether, J. 2004. The amphibians and reptiles of the Western Sahara (former Spanish Sahara) and adjacent regions. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 228 pp. [reviewed in Reptilia GB 44: 81]
  • Gray, J. E. 1849. Catalogue of the specimens of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Edward Newman, London, i-xv; 1-125. - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H. W.; Joger,U. & Nilson,G. 1992. Phylogeny and systematics of viperine snakes. III.: Resurrection of the genus Macrovipera (REUSS, 1927) as suggested by biochemical evidence. Amphibia-Reptilia 13: 375-392 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2012. A taxonomic revision of the Vipera palaestinae Werner, 1938 species group, with the creation of a new genus and a new subgenus. Australasian J. Herpetol. 11: 53-55 - get paper here
  • Kramer, E. & H. SCHNURRENBERGER 1959. Zur Systematik Libyscher Schlangen. Mitt. Naturf. Gesells. Bern N.F. 17: 1-17
  • Lenk, P.; Kalyabina, S.; Wink, M.; Joger, U. 2001. Evolutionary relationships among the true vipers (Reptilia: Viperidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 19(1):94-104 - get paper here
  • Marinkelle 1959. Slangen van Noord-Afrika. Lacerta 17: 35-38 - get paper here
  • Marinkelle 1962. De slangen van Marokko, Algerie, Tunesie, en Lybie. Lacerta 21: 12-16 - get paper here
  • Martínez-Freiría, Fernando; Pierre-André Crochet, Soumia Fahd, Philippe Geniez, José C Brito, Guillermo Velo-Antón 2017. Integrative phylogeographical and ecological analysis reveals multiple Pleistocene refugia for Mediterranean Daboia vipers in north-west Africa, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society , blx038 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mediani, Mohamed; José Carlos Brito, Soumia Fahd  2015. Atlas of the amphibians and reptiles of northern Morocco: updated distribution and patterns of habitat selection. Basic and Applied Herpetology 29: - get paper here
  • Obst, F.J. 1983. Zur Kenntnis der Schlangengattung Vipera. Zool. Abh. staatl. Mus. Tierkunde Dresden 38: 229-235
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Saint Girons, H. 1956. Les serpentes du Maroc. Var. sci. Rec. Soc. Sci. Nat. phys. Maroc, Rabat 8: 1-29
  • Schleich, H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Schwarz,E. 1936. Untersuchungen über Systematik und Verbreitung der europäischen und mediterranen Ottern. In: Die europäischen und mediterranen Ottern und ihre Gifte. Behringwerk-Mitteilungen 7: 159-362
  • Sochurek,E. 1956. Einiges über die Schlangenfauna Westalgeriens. Aquar. Terr. 3 (3): 85-89
  • Sochurek,E. 1979. Die Schlangen Nordafrikas. Mitt. Zool. Ges. Braunau 3 (8/9): 219-226
  • Spawls, S., Branch,B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Blandford, London, 192 pp.
  • Stemmler, O. & Hotz,H. 1972. Bericht über eine herpetologische Sammelreise nach Marokko im Juli 1969. Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 83 (1): 125-160
  • Timms, J. 2004. Macrovipera mauritanica: The Moorish Viper. Reptilia (GB) (35): 48-54 - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wüster, Wolfgang; Lindsay Peppin, Catharine E. Pook and Daniel E. Walker 2008. A nesting of vipers: Phylogeny and historical biogeography of the Viperidae (Squamata: Serpentes). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (2): 445-459 - get paper here
 
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