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Darevskia armeniaca (MÉHELY, 1909)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia armeniaca - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesG: Armenische Eidechse 
SynonymLacerta saxicola armeniaca MÉHELY 1909: 549
Lacerta muralis BOETTGER 1893
Lacerta muralis var. chalybdea BOULENGER 1904
Lacerta saxicola rudis — MEHELY 1909: 494
Lacerta saxicola var. chalybdea — MEHELY 1909: 494
Podarcis muralis var. chalybdea — BOULENGER 1920: 278
Lacerta saxicola armeniaca — LANTZ & CYRÉN 1936: 179
Lacerta saxicola armeniaca — DAREVSKY 1957: 40
Lacerta armeniaca — DAREVSKY 1967
Lacerta armeniaca — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Lacerta armeniaca — FU, MURPHY & DAREVSKY 2000
Darevskia armeniaca — ARRIBAS 1997
Archaeolacerta (Caucasilacerta) armeniaca — SINDACO et al. 2000
Darevskia “armeniaca” — BISCHOFF 2002
Lacerta armeniaca — SZCZERBAK 2003
Darevskia armeniaca — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) armeniaca — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia armeniaca — SPEYBROECK et al. 2020 
DistributionNW/N Armenia, S Republic of Georgia (Small Caucasus), NE Turkey, W Azerbaijan, NW Turkey, N Ukraine (introduced)

Type locality: coast of the Lake Sevan, Armenia; “Elenowka, am Westufer des Göktshai-Sees” (fide MEHELY 1909: 549)  
Reproductionoviparous; Parthenogenetic "species".  
TypesHolotype: SMF 12066 (formerly 6028,z) 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). Petrosyan et al. (2003) show that the populations of D. dahli examined have genetically heterogeneous structure (at the level of between-population differences) whereas the populations of D. armeniaca have genetically homogeneous structure characteristic of one clone.

Lacerta armeniaca originated from interspecific hybridization of L. valentini and L. mixta (Darevsky, 1992; MacCulloch et al., 1995, Girnyk et al. 2018). Darevsky 1957 described hybridization between L. saxicola armeniaca and L. s. defilippii. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Abramjan, A., Arakelyan, M., & Frynta, D. 2020. Does reproductive mode affect sexually selected colouration? Evaluating UV-blue spots in parthenogenetic and bisexual lizards of the genus Darevskia. Current Zoology - get paper here
  • Arakelyan, M. & F. Danielyan 2008. Parthenogenesis in Caucasian Rock Lizards of the genus Darevskia from Armenia. Evolution of parthenogenesis in view of host-parasites relatives. Herpetologia Sardiniae (Claudia Corti, ed.), Edizioni Belvedere, 504 pp.
  • Arakelyan, Marine 2002. The study of age, growth, and longevity in the triploid hybrids of rock lizards of the genus Darevskia in Armenia. Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (1): 63-68 - get paper here
  • Arakelyan, Marine S.; Felix D. Danielyan, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, and Alan E. Leviton 2011. The Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 154 pp. [ISBN: 978-0-916984-84-7.]
  • Arakelyan, Marine, Ruzanna Petrosyan, Cetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutas, Salih Hakan Durmus, Yahya Tayhan and Felix Danielyan. 2013. A skeletochronological study of parthenogenetic lizards of the genus Darevskia from Turkey. Acta Herpetologica 8 (2): 99-104 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • BADER, T. & KOPECZKY, R. & RIEGLER, C. & WIELAND, F. 2016. Die Eidechsen Armeniens – Teil 1: Die Gattung Darevskia. Die Eidechse 27 (1): 1-14. - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 1978. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Echsen des Kaukasus. Salamandra 14 (4): 178-202 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2002. Auf der Suche nach Darevskia valentini (BOETTGER 1892) in Georgien - Impressionen aus einem wenig bekannten Land. Elaphe 10 (3): 49-61
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1920. Monograph of the Lacertidae, vol. 1. British Museum (London) - get paper here
  • Bunyatova, S.N; S.K.Dzhafarova 2019. Study of the distribution and number of the genus Darevskia Arribas lizards, 1997 (Reptilia, Sauria, Lacertidae) in Azerbaijan. PROCEEDINGS OF THE VII CONGRESS OF THE NIKOLSKY HERPETOLOGICAL SOCIETY, in "University proceedings. Volga region. Natural sciences” 1: 12-19 - get paper here
  • Danielyan, Felix D., Marine Arakelyan and Ilona Stepanyan. 2008. Hybrids of Darevskia valentini, D. armeniaca and D. unisexualis from a sympatric population in Armenia. Amphibia-Reptilia 29 (4): 487-504 - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I. S. & Kupriyanova, L. A. 1982. Rare males in parthenogenetic lizard Lacerta armeniaca Méhely. Vertebrata Hungarica 21: 69-75
  • Darevsky, I. S. and Danielyan, F. D. 1968. Diploid and triploid progeny arising from natural mating of parthenogenetic Lacerta armeniaca and L. unisexualis with bisexual L. saxicola valentini. Journal of Herpetology 2: 65-69. - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I. S., Kupriyanova, L. A. and Bakradze, M. A. 1978. Occasional males and intersexes in parthenogenetic species of Caucasian rock lizard (genus Lacerta). Copeia 1978 (2): 201-207. - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I.S. 1966. Natural parthogenesis in a polymorphic group of Caucasian Rock lizards related to Lacerta saxicola EVERSMANN. Journ. Ohio Herpetol. Soc.5 (4): 115-152 - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I.S. & Uzzell, T. & Kupriyanova, L.A: & Danielyan, F.D. 1973. Triploid hybrid males in sympatric populations of some parthenogenetic and bisexual species of rock lizards of the genus Lacerta. [in Russian] Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists, 78 (1): 48-58
  • Darevsky,I.S. 1957. Systematics and ecology of rock lizards (Lacerta saxicola Eversmann) in Armenia [in Russian]. Zool. sb. AN Armenia SSR 10: 27-57 - get paper here
  • Darevsky,I.S. 1992. Evolution and ecology of parthenogenesis in reptiles. In: Adler,K. (ed.): Herpetology: Current research on the biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. Proc. First World Congress Herpetol. (Oxford, Ohio): 21-39
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Fu J.; Murphy R.W.; Darevsky I.S. 1999. Limited genetic variation in Lacerta mixta and its parthenogenetic daughter species: evidence from cytochrome b and ATPase 6 gene DNA sequences. Genetica 105 (3): 227-231
  • Fu, J.; MURPHY R.W. & DAREVSKY,I.S. 2000. Divergence of the cytochrome b gene in the Lacerta raddei complex and its parthenogenetic daughter species: evidence for recent multiple origins. Copeia 2000 (2): 432-440 - get paper here
  • Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D., Murphy, R.W. & Darevsky,I.S. 2000. Clonal variation in the caucasian rock lizard Lacerta armeniaca and its origin. Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (1): 83-89 - get paper here
  • Galoyan, Eduard 2013. Joint Space Use in a Parthenogenetic Armenian Rock Lizard (Darevskia armeniaca) Suggests Weak Competition among Monoclonal Females. Journal of Herpetology Mar 2013, Vol. 47, No. 1: 97-104. - get paper here
  • Girnyk, A. E., Vergun, A. A., Semyenova, S. K., Guliaev, A. S., Arakelyan, M. S., Danielyan, F. D., … Ryskov, A. P. 2018. Multiple interspecific hybridization and microsatellite mutations provide clonal diversity in the parthenogenetic rock lizard Darevskia armeniaca. BMC Genomics, 19(1), 979 - get paper here
  • Ilgaz, C. 2006. On Specimens of Darevskia armeniaca (Sauria: Lacertidae: Darevskia) Collected from Ardahan. Turkish Journal of Zoology 30: 47-54 - get paper here
  • Kupriyanova L.A., Odierna G. 2002. Perspective approach to the problem of karyotype stability: the structure of chromosomes of two-sex and same-sex species of lizards of the family Lacertidae (allo-sympatric and net speciation). [in Russian] Evolutionary biology: Proceedings of the II International Conference "The problem of species and speciation" - Tomsk, Tomsk State University, 2002.- T. 2: 238-254
  • Kupriyanova, L. 2009. Cytogenetic and Genetic Trends in the Evolution of Unisexual Lizards. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 273-279 - get paper here
  • Langerwerf, B. 1978. Kaukasusrotshagedissen als ideale terrariumdieren. Lacerta 36 (12): 196-204 - get paper here
  • Langerwerf, B. 1980. The Armenian wall lizard, Lacerta armeniaca Méhely 1909, with notes on its care and reproduction in captivity. British Herpetological Society Bulletin (2): 26-28
  • Lantz,L.A. & Cyrén,O. 1936. Contribution à la connaissance de Lacerta saxicola EVERSMANN. Bull. Soc. zool. France (Paris) 61: 159-181 - get paper here
  • MacCulloch, Ross D.;Murphy, Robert W.;Kupriyanova, Larissa A.;Darevsky, I. S.;Danielyan, F. D. 1995. Clonal variation in the parthenogenetic rock lizard Lacerta armeniaca. Genome 38: 1057-1060 - get paper here
  • Malysheva DN, OLGA N. TOKARSKAYA, VAROS G. PETROSYAN, FELIX D. DANIELYAN, ILIYA S. DAREVSKY, AND ALEXEI P. RYSKOV 2007. Genomic Variation in Parthenogenetic lizard Darevskia armeniaca: Evidence from DNA Fingerprinting Data. Journal of Heredity 98(2): 173–178 - get paper here
  • Malysheva DN, Vergun AA, Martirosian IA, Tokarskaia ON, Ryskov AP. 2008. [Molecular and genetic characterization of allelic variants of microsatellite loci in parthenogenetic Caucasian rock lizards Darevskia armeniaca (Lacertidae)] [Article in Russian]. Mol Gen Mikrobiol Virusol. 2008 (4):30-6.
  • Martirosyan, I. A. 2003. Variation of mini- and microsatellite DNA repeats in parthenogenetic lizard Darevskia armeniaca as revealed by DNA fingerprinting analysis. Russian Journal of Genetics 39 (2): 159-165 - get paper here
  • Méhely, Lajos von 1909. Materialien zu einer Systematik und Phylogenie der muralis-ähnlichen Lacerten. Annales historico-naturales Musei nationalis Hungarici, Budapest, 7 (2): 409-621 - get paper here
  • Murphy, R.W.; Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D.; Darevsky,I.S. & Kupriyanova,L.A. 2000. A fine line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 130: 527-549 - get paper here
  • Petrosyan VG, Osipov FA, Bobrov VV, Dergunova NN, Danielyan FD, Arakelyan MS 2019. New records of Darevskia armeniaca (Méhely, 1909) and Darevskia valentini (Boettger, 1892) (Squamata, Sauria, Lacertidae) from Armenia and updated geographic distribution maps. Check List 15(1): 21-31 - get paper here
  • Petrosyan VG, Osipov FA, Bobrov VV, Dergunova NN, Kropachev II, Danielyan FD, Arakelyan MS 2020. New records and geographic distribution of the sympatric zones of unisexual and bisexual rock lizards of the genus Darevskia in Armenia and adjacent territories. Biodiversity Data Journal 8: e56030 - get paper here
  • Petrosyan, V.G.; O. N. Tokarskaya; D. N. Malysheva & A. P. Ryskov 2003. Quantitative Assessment of Gene Diversity and Between-Population Differentiation of Parthenogenetic Lizard of the Genus Darevskia Using Mini- and Microsatellite DNA Markers. Russian Journal of Genetics 39 (10): 1201–1207 - get paper here
  • Petrosyan, Varos; Fedor Osipov, Vladimir Bobrov, Natalia Dergunova, Evgeny Nazarenko, Andrey Omelchenko, Felix Danielyan & Marine Arakelyan 2019. Analysis of geographical distribution of the parthenogenetic rock lizard Darevskia armeniaca and its parental species (D. mixta, D. valentini) based on ecological modelling. Salamandra 55 (3): 173-190 - get paper here
  • Sillero, Neftalí; Claudia Corti & Miguel A. Carretero 2016. Home ranges of parthenogenetic and bisexual species in a community of Darevskia lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zoology in the Middle East 62 (3): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554. - get paper here
  • Spangenberg, V., Arakelyan, M., Simanovsky, S., Dombrovskaya, Y., Khachatryan, E., & Kolomiets, O. 2024. Tendency towards clonality: deviations of meiosis in parthenogenetic Caucasian rock lizards. Researchsquare preprint - get paper here
  • Speybroeck, Jeroen; Wouter Beukema, Christophe Dufresnes, Uwe Fritz, Daniel Jablonski, Petros Lymberakis, Iñigo Martínez-Solano, Edoardo Razzetti, Melita Vamberger, Miguel Vences, Judit Vörös0, Pierre-André Crochet 2020. Species list of the European herpetofauna – 2020 update by the Taxonomic Committee of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica.. Amphibia-Reptilia 41: 139-189 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Tuniyev B.S., Tuniyev S.B., Avcı A., Ilgaz Ç. 2014. Herpetological studies in Eastern and North-Eastern Turkey. Current Studies in Herpetology 14 (1/2): 44–53. Резюме - get paper here
  • Yanchukov, Alexey; David Tarkhnishvili, Meriç Erdolu, Mehmet Kürşat Şahin, Kamil Candan, Marine Murtskhvaladze, Mariam Gabelaia, Giorgi Iankoshvili, Natia Barateli, Çetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Ferhat Matur, Faruk Çolak, Marine Arakelyan, Eduard Galo 2022. Precise paternal ancestry of hybrid unisexual ZW lizards (genus Darevskia: Lacertidae: Squamata) revealed by Z-linked genomic markers. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2022;, blac023, - get paper here
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