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Darevskia bithynica (MÉHELY, 1909)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesDarevskia bithynica bithynica (MÉHELY 1909)
Darevskia bithynica tristis (LANTZ & CYRÉN 1936) 
Common NamesG: Grusinische Eidechse, Kielschwanz-Felseidechse 
SynonymLacerta saxicola var. bithynica MÉHELY 1909: 495, 537
Lacerta saxicola bithynica — LANTZ & CYRÉN 1936: 178
Lacerta (Darevskia) rudis bithynica — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia bithynica bithynica — ARRIBAS et al. 2013
Darevskia bithynica bithynica — ARRIBAS et al. 2022

Darevskia bithynica tristis (LANTZ & CYRÉN, 1936)
Lacerta saxicola tristis LANTZ & CYRÉN, 1936: 176
[Darevskia] saxicola tristis — DAREVSKY 1967t
Darevskia rudis tristis — BÖHME & BISCHOFF 1984
Lacerta (Darevskia) rudis tristis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia bithynica tristis — ARRIBAS et al. 2013
Darevskia bithynica tristis — ARRIBAS et al. 2022 
DistributionC/E Great Caucasus

Type locality: “Bithynischer Olymp bei Brussa”; “Amasia (Klein-Asien)”; lectotype locality: Turkey, Bursa Province, Mountain Bithynian Olympus (= Uludağ) in vicinity of Bursa (= Prusa), 1600 m asl, 40°09 ́N 29°07 ́E.

tristis: N Turkey; lectotype locality: Turkey, Sakarya Provinz, Ravine Lafaka Dere (= Lafakr-Dere, Maden Deresi?), fide Doronin 2017  
TypesLectotype: ZISP 17128, designated by Doronin 2017.
Holotype: MZUT (Museo ed Istituto di Zoologia Sistematica, Torino) 2737:1
Lectotype: GNM 2481 (Göteborg Museum), designated by Darevsky 1967 [tristis] 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). RYABININA et al. (2002) question the separation of bischoffi and obscura.

NCBI taxon ID: 1907507 [bithynica]
NCBI taxon ID: 1612236 [tristis] 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
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  • ARRIBAS, O., CANDAN, K., KORNILIOS, P., AYAZ, D., KUMLUTAŞ, Y., GÜL, S., ... & ILGAZ, Ç. 2022. Revising the taxonomy of Darevskia valentini (Boettger, 1892) and Darevskia rudis (Bedriaga, 1886)(Squamata, Lacertidae): a Morpho-Phylogenetic integrated study in a complex Anatolian scenario. Zootaxa 5224 (1): 1-68 - get paper here
  • ARRIBAS, OSCAR; ÇETİN ILGAZ, YUSUF KUMLUTAŞ, SALİH HAKAN DURMUŞ, AZİZ AVCI & NAZAN ÜZÜM 2013. External morphology and osteology of Darevskia rudis (Bedriaga, 1886), with a taxonomic revision of the Pontic and Small-Caucasus populations (Squamata: Lacertidae). Zootaxa 3626 (4): 401–428 - get paper here
  • Bedriaga, J. von 1886. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Lacertiden-Familie (Lacerta, Algiroides, Tropidosaura, Zerzumia, Bettaia). Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 14: 17-444 - get paper here
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  • Bischoff, W. 1974. Echsen des Kaukasus, Teil 6. Die Kielschwanz-Felseidechse Lacerta rudis Bedriaga 1886. Aquar. Terr. Bl. 21, 274-278.
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  • Darevsky, I.S. & Tuniyev,B.S. 1997. A new species from Lacerta saxicola group - Lacerta dryada sp. nov. (Sauria: Lacertidae) and some comments relative to Lacerta clarkorum Darevsky & Vedmederja 1977. Russ. J. Herpetol. 4 (1): 1-7 - get paper here
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  • Fu, JINZHONG AND ROBERT W. MURPHY 1997. Toward the phylogeny of caucasian rock lizards: implications from mitochondrial DNA gene sequences (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (1997), 121: 463–477. - get paper here
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  • Koç, Halime; Bilal Kutrup, Ufuk Bülbül, Muammer Kurnaz 2021. The Allelic Variants in Microsatellite Loci and Phylogenetic Relationships of Darevskia rudis (Bedriaga, 1886) and D. bithynica (Méhely, 1909) Based on Mitochondrial DNA in Turkey. Russian Journal of Herpetology 28 (2): 73-88 - get paper here
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