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Darevskia caucasica (MÉHELY, 1909)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia caucasica - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesDarevskia caucasica caucasica (MÉHELY 1909)
Darevskia caucasica vedenica (DAREVSKY & ROITBERG 1999) 
Common NamesG: Kaukasus-Eidechse
Russian: Кавказская ящерица 
SynonymLacerta caucasica MÉHELY 1909: 560
Lacerta muralis BOETTGER 1893
Lacerta muralis var. caucasica BOULENGER 1913
Lacerta saxicola caucasica NIKOLSKY 1915
Lacerta caucasica — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Lacerta caucasica — FU & MURPHY 1997
Darevskia caucasica — ARRIBAS 1997
Lacerta caucasica — ROITBERG et al. 2000
Darevskia caucasica — MURPHY et al. 2000
Lacerta caucasica — SZCZERBAK 2003
Darevskia caucasica — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) caucasica — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia caucasica caucasica — DORONIN et al. 2021

Darevskia caucasica vedenica (DAREVSKY & ROITBERG 1999)
Lacerta caucasica vedenica DAREVSKY & ROITBERG 1999
Darevskia caucasica vedenica — DORONIN 2013
Darevskia caucasica vedenica — DORONIN et al. 2021 
DistributionCentral up to southern parts of the Caucasus Mts. in Russia (Dagestan), Republic of Georgia and NE Azerbaijan; SE Chechen Republic. Elevation up to 3200 m (DAREVSKY 1984).

Type locality: Kazbek Mountain, the Caucasus, Republic of Georgia; “Mleti, Aragwathal, Transkaukasien” (fide MEHELY 1909) etc. incl. Kasbek, Lars and other localities. Lectotype locality: Republic of Georgia, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Kazbegi Municipality, Mount Kazbek, 42°40 ́N 44°35 ́E (Fig. 6 in Doronin 2014) (the lectotype locality invalidates the original type locality).

vedenica: southern slopes and foothills of the Andiiskii ridge, Chechen Republic, probably adjacent territories of Daghestan. Type locality: 1 km south of Vedeno rock faces along the road Vedeno -Kharochoi) SE Chechen Republic.  
TypesLectotype: SMF 12069 (6028 b), 1.05.1879. Сoll.: H. Leder (fide Doronin 2014), (MEHELY listed about 19 specimens).
Holotype: ZISP 17744 (1). Russian Federation, Chechnya, Vedensky District, 1 km south of the of Vedeno Village, rock faces along the road Vedeno-Kharachoi (= Khоrachoi), 42°57 ́N 46°07 ́E, 14.08.1963. Coll.: И.С. Даревский [vedenica] 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). Lacerta caucasica daghestanica and L. c. alpina have been elevated to species status.

Distribution: see Doronin 2013: 82 for a map of caucasica and vedenica. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. The subspecies vedenica is named after the large settlement Vedeno which is adjacent to its range. 
  • Abramjan, A., Arakelyan, M., & Frynta, D. 2020. Does reproductive mode affect sexually selected colouration? Evaluating UV-blue spots in parthenogenetic and bisexual lizards of the genus Darevskia. Current Zoology - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 1978. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Echsen des Kaukasus. Salamandra 14 (4): 178-202 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2002. Auf der Suche nach Darevskia valentini (BOETTGER 1892) in Georgien - Impressionen aus einem wenig bekannten Land. Elaphe 10 (3): 49-61
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2007. Auf der Suche nach Gebirgseidechsen in drei Erdteilen. Draco 7 (27): 54-73 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1910. Remarks on Prof. L. von Mehely's recent Contribution to the Knowledge of the Lizards allied to Lacerta muralis. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (8) 5: 247-256 - get paper here
  • Bunyatova, S.N; S.K.Dzhafarova 2019. Study of the distribution and number of the genus Darevskia Arribas lizards, 1997 (Reptilia, Sauria, Lacertidae) in Azerbaijan. PROCEEDINGS OF THE VII CONGRESS OF THE NIKOLSKY HERPETOLOGICAL SOCIETY, in "University proceedings. Volga region. Natural sciences” 1: 12-19 - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I. S. & E. S. Roitberg 1999. A new subspecies of the rock lizard Lacerta caucasica (Sauria, Lacertidae) from the south-east of Chechen Republic on the Caucasus. Russ. J. Herpetol. 6 (3): 209-214 - get paper here
  • Darewskij, I. 1984. Lacerta caucasica - Kaukasische Felseidechse. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/I., Echsen II (Lacerta). Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 225-238
  • Doronin I. V., Melnikov D. A., Melnikova E. N. 2016. Species differentiation of the rock lizard Darevskia (caucasica) complex (by DNA-barcoding data, cytochrome oxydase subunit I sequences). PROCEEDINGS OF THE 6th CONGRESS OF THE A. M. NIKOLSKY HERPETOLOGICAL SOCIETY pp. 42-49 - get paper here
  • Doronin I.V. 2013. The analysis of distribution of rock lizards of Darevskia (caucasica) complex (using the Maxent program). In:<br />Modern herpetology: problems and ways of their solutions. Collection of papers of the First International Conference of the Young Herpe Zoological institute of RAS. Saint-Petersburg, 2013. 81-85. - get paper here
  • Doronin I.V., Dzhelali P.A., Lotiev K.Yu., Mazanaeva L.F., Mustafaeva G.A., Bunyatova S.N. 2021. Phylogeography of a Darevskia (caucasica) complex (Lacertidae: Sauria) based on the cytochrome b mitochondrial gene analysis. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS, 2021, 325(1): 49–66 · - get paper here
  • Doronin, I.V. 2014. REVIEW OF TYPE SPECIMENS OF ROCK LIZARDS OF DAREVSKIA (CAUCASICA) COMPLEX (SAURIA: LACERTIDAE). Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Труды Зоологического института РАН) 318 (4): 371–381 - get paper here
  • Doronin, I.V.; K.Yu. Lotiev, L.F. Mazanaeva, K.D. Milto and D.I. Khlyustikova 2022. New records of the rock lizards of the genus Darevskia Arribas, 1999 (Sauria: Lacertidae) in the Caucasus. Communication 2 Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS, 2022, 326(4): 274–283 - get paper here
  • Dunaev E.A., Orlova V.F. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles of Russia. Atlas and determination. 2nd. ed. Moscow: Phyton XXI, 328 p
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Fu, JINZHONG AND ROBERT W. MURPHY 1997. Toward the phylogeny of caucasian rock lizards: implications from mitochondrial DNA gene sequences (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (1997), 121: 463–477. - get paper here
  • Fu,J. et al. 1995. Genetic and morphological differentiation among caucasian rock lizards of the Lacerta caucasica complex. Russ. J. Herpetol. 2 (1): 36-42 - get paper here
  • Kropachev, I., Tarkhnishvili, D., Murtskhvaladze, M., & Galoyan, E. 2023. Living apart together: Morphological, spatial, and genetic differentiation of three sympatric rock lizard species (Lacertidae: Darevskia) of the Caucasus. Zoologischer Anzeiger - get paper here
  • Kupriyanova L.A., Odierna G. 2002. Perspective approach to the problem of karyotype stability: the structure of chromosomes of two-sex and same-sex species of lizards of the family Lacertidae (allo-sympatric and net speciation). [in Russian] Evolutionary biology: Proceedings of the II International Conference "The problem of species and speciation" - Tomsk, Tomsk State University, 2002.- T. 2: 238-254
  • Lantz,L.A. & Cyrén,O. 1936. Contribution à la connaissance de Lacerta saxicola EVERSMANN. Bull. Soc. zool. France (Paris) 61: 159-181 - get paper here
  • Méhely, Lajos von 1909. Materialien zu einer Systematik und Phylogenie der muralis-ähnlichen Lacerten. Annales historico-naturales Musei nationalis Hungarici, Budapest, 7 (2): 409-621 - get paper here
  • Murphy, R.W.; Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D.; Darevsky,I.S. & Kupriyanova,L.A. 2000. A fine line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 130: 527-549 - get paper here
  • Roitberg, E. S. 1994. Morphological analysis of the Caucasian rock lizards Lacerta caucasica caucasica and L. c. daghestanica from the contact zone. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (2): 179-184 - get paper here
  • Roitberg, E. S., Mazanaeva, L.F., Ilyina, E. & Orlova, V.F. 2000. Die Echsen Dagestans (Nordkaukasus, Russland): Artenliste und aktuelle Verbreitungsdaten (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae, Agamidae, Anguidae, Scincidae et Lacertidae). Faunist. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 22 (8) - get paper here
  • Roytberg, E. S. 1999. Morphological differentiation of nominative and Dagestan forms of the complex Lacerta caucasica (Sauria, Lacertidae) in the contact zone: sympatric populations from Dagestan and Southeastern Chechnya. Russian Journal of Zoology 3 (1): 43-52
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Tarkhnishvili, D., Gabelaia, M. and Adriaens, D. 2020. Phenotypic divergence, convergence and evolution of Caucasian rock lizards (Darevskia). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society - get paper here
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