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Darevskia chlorogaster (BOULENGER, 1908)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia chlorogaster - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Greenbelly Lizard 
SynonymLacerta chlorogaster BOULENGER 1908
Lacerta boettgeri MEHELY 1907: 88
Lacerta boettgeri — MEHELY 1909: 583
Lacerta boettgeri — WERNER 1913: 15
Lacerta mostoufii BALOUTCH 1976
Lacerta (Zootoca) chlorogaster — BISCHOFF 1978
Darevskia chlorogaster — ARRIBAS 1997
Lacerta chlorogaster — ANDERSON 1999
Lacerta mostoufii — ANDERSON 1999
Lacerta chlorogarter — KUPRIYANOVA et al. 2002 (in error)
Lacerta chlorogaster — SZCZERBAK 2003
Darevskia chlorogaster — GRECHKO et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) chlorogaster — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Lacerta mostoufii — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia mostoufii — RASTEGAR-POUYANI et al. 2008
Darevskia chlorogaster — AHMADZADEH et al. 2013 
DistributionSE Azerbaijan (Caucasus, eastern part of the Hyrcanian forest), NW Iran, elevation 0-1500 m

Type locality: NW Iran; lectotype locality: Iran, Gilan Province, Bandar-e Anzali.

mostoufi: E Iran (Dasht E Lut desert, Baluchistan); Type locality: Deh Salm, 31º12'N, 59º19'E, about 200 km N Malek Mohammad Mountains  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.9.2.29. adult male, Iran, Gilan Province, Bandar-e Anzali, H.N. Rabino, designated by Ahmadzadeh et al. 2013. Measurements and scale counts of this specimen are in accordance with the one illustrated in the original description.
Paralectotypes. The remaining syntypes are consequently designated paralectotypes. 2 males: same locality data as lectoype, R.B. Woosnam (BMNH 1946.9.1.87–88); 5 males, 1 female: same data as lectotype (BMNH 1946.9.2.28, 1946.9.2.30–33), 1 skeleton, same data as lectotype (BMNH 1946.9.2.34).
Holotype: Teheran museum, MMTT 1582 (apparently lost fide Arnold 2007); a paratype in the Paris Museum is a Darevskia praticola praticola (In den Bosch, 1999) [mostoufi] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Boulenger (1908) defined the species by featuring a serrated collar composed of 7–9 scales; strongly keeled hexagonal dorsal scales, which are smooth towards the ventrals and a little smaller than the dorsals; 20–27 gular scales, 3 or 4 corresponding to the length of a ventral plate; ventrals in 6 longitudinal series; 44–50 scales across mid-body; 27–30 lamellar scales under fourth toe; and 14–18 femoral pores. We further restrict this species to comprise all individuals belonging to the Western Hyrcanian clade featuring a combination of rectangular ventral plates with rectilinear posterior margins in 19–25 transversal and 6 longitudinal rows; 43–51 dorsal scales across middle of back; 6 to 10 collar scales; 20–25 gular scales from angle between maxillar scales to collar; 27–37 small scales along fold among ears; 13–17 femoral pores; 26–33 scales under fourth toe; 4–8 superaciliar scales; 3–16 supraciliar granules; 1–3 scales between masseteric and supratemporal shields; 2–4 scales between masseteric and tympanic shields; 2–3 large preanal scales; rostral touches nostril; single postnasal. The maximum snout-vent length is 63.9 mm in males and 66.0 mm in females [Ahmadzadeh et al. 2013]. 
CommentSynonymy: partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). Although BOULENGER 1908 is usually given as author of this species, MEHELY 1907 mentioned 2 diagnostic characters of the new species (L. boettgeri) that could be considered as sufficient to name it although this publication was not meant to be a full description. See Mehely 1909: 581. Lacerta mostoufii may be a synonym of Darevskia praticola (In den Bosch 1999) or Darevskia chlorogaster (ARNOLD et al. 2007). The original description is not sufficient to attribute this species to any Darevskia with certainty. Thus, AHMADZADEH et al. 2013 regard this species as a nomen dubium.

Habitat. Tree trunks and forest floor within the Hyrcanian forest.

IUCN ID: 164687 [mostoufi]

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyLacerta mostoufi has been named after “Pr. Ahmad Mostoufi, membre de la Faculté des Lettres, chef de l'expédition.” 
  • Ahmadzadeh F, Flecks M, Carretero MA, Mozaffari O, Böhme W, et al. 2013. Cryptic Speciation Patterns in Iranian Rock Lizards Uncovered by Integrative Taxonomy. PLoS One 8 (12): e80563. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080563 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Arribas, O. J. 1997. Morfologia, filogenia y bibliografia de las lagartijas de alta montana de los Pirineos [Microforma]. Tesis doctoral - Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Publicaciones de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), 353 pp. ISBN 84-490-0830-1
  • Baloutch, M. 1976. Une nouvelle espèce de Lacerta (Lacertilia, Lacertidae) de sud-est de’l Iran. Bull. Mus. Nat., Paris, 417: 1379-1384
  • Bischoff, W. 1978. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Echsen des Kaukasus. Salamandra 14 (4): 178-202 - get paper here
  • BOSCH, H. In DEN 1999. The status of Lacerta mostoufii BALOUTCH, 1977. Zoology in the Middle East 19: 13-15 - get paper here
  • BOSCH, H. IN DEN & W. BISCHOFF 1995. Ein seltener Gast: Lacerta chlorogaster BOULENGER, 1908. Die Eidechse 6 (15): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1908. Description of a new species of Lacerta from Persia. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1907: 934-936 - get paper here
  • Bunyatova, S.N; S.K.Dzhafarova 2019. Study of the distribution and number of the genus Darevskia Arribas lizards, 1997 (Reptilia, Sauria, Lacertidae) in Azerbaijan. PROCEEDINGS OF THE VII CONGRESS OF THE NIKOLSKY HERPETOLOGICAL SOCIETY, in "University proceedings. Volga region. Natural sciences” 1: 12-19 - get paper here
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Freitas, S., Westram, A.M., Schwander, T., Arakelyan, M., Ilgaz, Ç., Kumlutas, Y., Harris, D.J., Carretero, M.A. and Butlin, R.K. 2022. Parthenogenesis in Darevskia lizards - a rare outcome of common hybridisation, not a common outcome of rare hybridisation Parthenogenesis, gene flow and hybridisation. Evolution - get paper here
  • Frynta,D. et al. 1997. Results of the Czech biological expedition to Iran. Part 1. Notes on the distribution of amphibians and reptiles. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 61: 3-17
  • Grechko, V.V.; A. A. Bannikova, S. A. Kosushkin, N. L. Ryabinina, K. D. Milto, I. S. Darevsky and D. A. Kramerov 2007. Molecular Genetic Diversification of the Lizard Complex Darevskia raddei (Sauria: Lacertidae): Early Stages of Speciation. Molecular Biology, 41 (5): 764–775 - get paper here
  • Iryshkov E. S., Solovyeva E. N., Arakelyan M. S., Rastegar-Poyani E., Moaddab M., Milto K. D., Galoyan E. A. 2023. Phylogeny and geographic distribution of rock lizards (Lacertidae, Reptilia) in Alborz mountain range. Current Studies in Herpetology 23 (3): 93 - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Kidov A. A., Ivanov A. A., Kondratova T. E., Stolyarova E. A., Nemyko E. A. 2019. On Eggs Re-Laying of Greenbelly Lizards from the Darevskia (Chlorogaster) Complex (Reptilia, Lacertidae). Current Studies in Herpetology 19 (3-4): 153 - get paper here
  • Kidov A. A., Matushkina K. A. 2016. Changing the habitats of true lizards in southwest caspian region. PROCEEDINGS OF THE 6th CONGRESS OF THE A. M. NIKOLSKY HERPETOLOGICAL SOCIETY pp. 50-53 - get paper here
  • Kupriyanova L.A., Odierna G. 2002. Perspective approach to the problem of karyotype stability: the structure of chromosomes of two-sex and same-sex species of lizards of the family Lacertidae (allo-sympatric and net speciation). [in Russian] Evolutionary biology: Proceedings of the II International Conference "The problem of species and speciation" - Tomsk, Tomsk State University, 2002.- T. 2: 238-254
  • Rastegar-Pouyani, Eskandar; Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani,Mohammad Arab 2013. Rediscovery of Darevskia steineri (Eiselt, 1995) (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 20 (1): 36-38 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1913. Neue oder seltene Reptilien und Frösche des Naturhistorischen Museums in Hamburg. Reptilien der Ostafrika-Expedition der Hamburger Geographischen Gesellschaft 1911/12. Leiter: Dr. E. Obst. Reptilien und Amphibien von Formosa. Jb. Hamb. wiss. Anst., 30 [1912], 2. Beiheft: 1-39, 40-45, 45-51 - get paper here
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