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Darevskia lindholmi (SZCZERBAK, 1962)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Crimean Rock Lizard 
SynonymLacerta saxicola lindholmi LANTZ & CYRÉN 1936: 164 (nomen nudum)
Lacerta saxicola lindholmi SZCZERBAK 1962: 1378
Lacerta saxicola lindholmi — DAREVSKY 1984: 351
Darevskia lindholmi — MACCULLOCH et al. 2000
Darevskia lindholmi — MURPHY et al. 2000
Lacerta (Darevskia) lindholmi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia lindholmi — SPEYBROECK et al. 2020 
DistributionS Ukraine (mountain regions in the Krim [Crimea] Peninsula)

Type locality: (lecotype locality) original label: «Lacerta saxicola Crimea, Yalta 18.V.1961 Leg. Szczerbak» [= Ukraine, Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Yalta, 44°29 ́N, 34°9 ́E] (Fig. 8 in Doronin 2012).  
TypesLectotype: NMNHU SR 2057/14097 (designated by DORONIN 2012, Fig. 7, = Museum of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev). LANTZ & CYRÉN 1936 did not designate a type. 
CommentSynonymy: LANTZ & CYRÉN 1936 did not provide a description of the (sub-) species (they only said that the population from Crimea should be called lindholmi), hence subsequent authors (e.g. Wermuth & Mertens 1960) considered their name as a nomen nudum.

Habitat: D. lindholmi is petrophilous but eurytopic. D. lindholmi prefers rocky uncoverings and precipices, but inhabits pebbly beaches, mountain forests and meadows as well. It is hygrophilous species, its number in arid biotopes decreased considerably.

Thermobiology: thermotolerant; D. lindholmi inhabits ecosystems of the highest and lowest temperatures in the Crimea [V. Gasso, pers. comm., 14 June 2011].

Original distribution of D. lindholmi: Turkey [Darevsky 1965, 1967, 1972] S Russia (northern slopes of the west and central Caucasus, western part of the N Precaucasus, Krasnodar region, in northwestern Precaucasus, NE Black Sea coast, between Anapa and Noworossisk), W Georgia (in the south up to the Rioni Plain), S Ukraine (mountain regions in the Krim Peninsula). See map in Doronin 2012: 117. 
EtymologyNamed after Wilhelm (Wasili, Wassili or Vassily) Adolf (Adolfovich or Adolfovitch) Lindholm (1874–1935), a Russian-Soviet zoologist known mostly by his contributions to malacology and herpetology. See Danilov 2019 or biographical details. 
  • Danilov, I.G. 2019. W.A. Lindholm’s contributions to herpetology with an annotated bibliography of his herpetological publications. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute RAS, 2019, 323(3): 253–267 - get paper here
  • Darewskij, I. [= Darevsky] 1984. Lacerta saxicola - Felseidechse. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/I., Echsen II (Lacerta). Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 345-361
  • Doronin, I.V. 2012. The use of GIS for the analysis of the distribution of Rock lizards Darevskia (saxicola) complex (Sauria: Lacertidae). Current Studies in Herpetology 12 (3/4): 91-122 - get paper here
  • Doronin, I.V. 2012. Review of the type specimens of Rock Lizards of Darevskia (saxicola) complex (Sauria: Lacertidae) [in Russian] Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 316 (1): 22-39
  • Doronin, I.V.; B.S. Tuniyev and O.V. Kukushkin 2013. Differentiation and taxonomy of the Rock Lizards Darevskia (Saxicola) (Sauria: Lacertidae) according to morphological and molecular analyses. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 317 (1): 54–84
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Eversmann,E. 1834. Lacertae Imperii Rossici variis in itineribus meis observatae. [Lacerta sylvicola]. Nouv. Mém. Soc. imp. Natur. (Moscow) 3: 339-358 - get paper here
  • Fu, JINZHONG AND ROBERT W. MURPHY 1997. Toward the phylogeny of caucasian rock lizards: implications from mitochondrial DNA gene sequences (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (1997), 121: 463–477. - get paper here
  • Grechko VV, Ciobanu DG, Darevsky IS, Kosushkin SA, Kramerov DA. 2006. Molecular evolution of satellite DNA repeats and speciation of lizards of the genus Darevskia (Sauria: Lacertidae). Genome 49(10):1297-307. - get paper here
  • Kukushkin O. V., Turbanov I. S., Gorelov R. A., Trofimov A. G. 2021. On limits of the distribution range of the Crimean rock lizard Darevskia lindholmi (Sauria: Lacertidae). Current Studies in Herpetology 21 (3-4): 101 - get paper here
  • Kukushkin OV, Sviridenko EYu 2002. Finds of melanistic specimens of a rock lizard Darevskia lindholmi (reptilia, sauria, lacertidae) in the Crimea. [in Russian] Vestnik zoologii 36 (3): 98
  • Kupriyanova L.A., Odierna G. 2002. Perspective approach to the problem of karyotype stability: the structure of chromosomes of two-sex and same-sex species of lizards of the family Lacertidae (allo-sympatric and net speciation). [in Russian] Evolutionary biology: Proceedings of the II International Conference "The problem of species and speciation" - Tomsk, Tomsk State University, 2002.- T. 2: 238-254
  • Lantz,L.A. & Cyrén,O. 1936. Contribution à la connaissance de Lacerta saxicola EVERSMANN. Bull. Soc. zool. France (Paris) 61: 159-181 - get paper here
  • Lukina, G.P. 1963. Sistematiceskoje polozenije i biologija skalnoj jascericy Lacerta saxicola Eversmann na sewerizaoadbih granice areala wida w predjelach Kawkaza. Izw. Akad. Nauk Azerbajdz. SSR 6: 53-61
  • Macculloch, R. D. , J. FU, I. S. DAREVSKY & R. W. MURPHY 2000. Genetic evidence for species status of some Caucasian rock lizards in the Darevskia saxicola group. Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (2): 169-176 - get paper here
  • Murphy, R.W.; Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D.; Darevsky,I.S. & Kupriyanova,L.A. 2000. A fine line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 130: 527-549 - get paper here
  • Scerbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak] 1962. O sistematike skalnych jasceric Lacerta saxicola Evers­ mann Kryma i Sewernowo Kawkaza. [in Russian] Zoologicheskij Zhurnal, Moskwa, 11: 1374-1385
  • Scerbak, N. N. [= Szczerbak] 1962. Ekologija skalnoj jascericy (Lacerta saxicola Eversmann) w Krymu. Zbornik prats. Zool. Muz. Akad. Nauk Ukr. SSR, 31: 92—96
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Speybroeck, Jeroen; Wouter Beukema, Christophe Dufresnes, Uwe Fritz, Daniel Jablonski, Petros Lymberakis, Iñigo Martínez-Solano, Edoardo Razzetti, Melita Vamberger, Miguel Vences, Judit Vörös0, Pierre-André Crochet 2020. Species list of the European herpetofauna – 2020 update by the Taxonomic Committee of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica.. Amphibia-Reptilia 41: 139-189 - get paper here
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