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Darevskia praticola (EVERSMANN, 1834)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia praticola - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesDarevskia praticola praticola (EVERSMANN, 1834)
Darevskia praticola hungarica (SOBOLEWSKY 1930)
Darevskia praticola hyrcanica TUNIYEV, DORONIN, KIDOV & TUNIYEV 2011
Darevskia praticola loriensis TUNIYEV, DORONIN, TUNIYEV, AGHASYAN, KIDOV & AGHASYAN 2013 
Common NamesG: Kaukasische Wieseneidechse
E: Meadow Lizard 
SynonymLacerta praticola EVERSMANN 1834: 345
Lacerta praticola — BEDRIAGA 1895
Lacerta vivipara var. stenolepis NIKOLSKY 1911
Lacerta plicata BARTENJEW & REZNIKOVA 1931
Lacerta praticola — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Darevskia praticola — ARRIBAS 1997
Lacerta praticola — FU & MURPHY 1997
Lacerta praticola — ANDERSON 1999
Lacerta praticola praticola — ROITBERG et al. 2000
Darevskia praticola — MURPHY et al. 2000
Lacerta praticola — SZCZERBAK 2003
Zootoca praticola — LAZAR et al. 2005
Darevskia praticola — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) praticola praticola — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Darevskia praticola hungarica (SOBOLEWSKY 1930)
Lacerta praticola hungarica SOBOLEWSKY 1930
Lacerta praticola hungarica — STUGREN 1961
Lacerta praticola hungarica — STUGREN 1984
Darevskia praticola hungarica — DORONIN 2016 
DistributionRussia (C/E/W Caucasus, Dagestan and Krasnodar Kray), Transcaucasia, NE Iran, NE Serbia, E Bulgaria, European Turkey, NE Greece, NW Iran, Republic of Georgia, N/SE Azerbaijan, N Armenia

praticola: S Russia, Iran etc.; Type locality: Narzan, North Caucasus; Town Kislovodsk, S Russia (fide Tuniyev et al. 2013)

hyrcanica: Iran, Azerbaijan (Talysh foothills and Elbrus range)

loriensis: Armenia (Lori); Type locality: “Armenia, Lori Marz (Province), vicinity of Stepanavan, village Gyulagarak (1438 m above sea level, 40°56’35.0’’ N 44°28’19.1’’E) Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesLectotype: ZISP = ZIN (Zoological Institute of St. Petersburg)
Holotype: Herpetological collection of Sochi National Park, Sochi, SNP No 1473 (5), adult female, Azerbaijan, Astara District, Talysh Ridge, natural boundary of Gada-Zyga-Khi (1510 m above sea level, 38°28’ N 48°35’ E), 18.08.2009, collector A. A. Kidov (Fig. 7). Paratypes. SNP 1473.0-19 (25 specimens), herpetological collection of SNP, Sochi; ZISP 12301, 12630, 12632-12635, St. Petersburg [hyranica]
Holotype: SNP 1568 (Herpetological collection of the Sochi National Park, Sochi), adult male, 22.05.2012, collector S. B. Tuniyev; paratypes: SNP 1569.1-19, ZISP 17075 [loriensis]
Lectotype and paralectotypes: ZISP 9814 (unknown locality), paralectotypes – ZMMU R 2538 [hungarica]
Holotype: ZISP 7203, location unknown [Lacerta vivipara stenolepis]
Holotype: ZISP 15204, Russia, Mostovskoy District, Caucasian Biosphere Reserve, on the road from the Veriyut (=Nikitino Village) on the Malaya Laba River to the Malyi Pambak Mount, firebreak in streams in the small mountain river on the sunny glade, 43° 53’ N 40° 31’ E, 15.07.1930. Coll.: A.N. Bartenef [Lacerta plicata] 
CommentSubspecies: Darevskia praticola pontica is now considered a valid species. Darevskia praticola hungarica (SOBOLEWSKY 1930) may be a subspecies of D. pontica (Doronin, pers. comm. 5 Jul 2016).

Synonymy: primarily after Stugren 1984 and Doronin 2016.

Distribution: D. praticola is not in Romania, but pontica is.

Diagnosis. Small lizard, different from specimens of nominative subspecies by the larger size of pileus, higher values of width and height of head, reduced number of scales between the rows of femoral pores. Animals are colored in chocolate-brown tones; on each side of body under light bar the interrupted dark stripe, or row of spots; always contrasting color pattern, the color in life of lateral ventrals is goldish-pink. 
EtymologyEtymology (hyranica). A subspecies is named after the ancient name of the Caspian sea (Hyrcania) and province south-east of Caspian Sea, which is a base for the name of Hyrcan biogeographical province, including Talysh, Len- koran lowland and Caspian slope of Western Alburz (the area of distribution of the described subspecies). 
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