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Darevskia raddei (BOETTGER, 1892)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia raddei - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesDarevskia raddei nairensis (DAREVSKY 1967)
Darevskia raddei raddei (BOETTGER 1892)
Darevskia raddei vanensis (EISELT, SCHMIDTLER & DAREVSKY 1993)
Darevskia raddei chaldoranensis RASTEGAR-POUYANI, KARAMIANI, ORAEI, KHOSRAWANI & RASTEGAR-POUYANI 2011 
Common NamesG: Aserbaidschanische Eidechse
E: Azerbaidzhan Lizard 
SynonymLacerta saxicola raddei BOETTGER 1892
Lacerta muralis var. raddei BOETTGER 1892
Lacerta muralis var. defilippii — BOULENGER 1904
Lacerta caucasica var. tenuis NIKOLSKY 1910 (fide VEDMDERYA et al. 2009)
Lacerta saxicola defilippii — SOBOLEVSKY 1929
Lacerta raddei — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Lacerta raddei — FU & MURPHY 1997
Darevskia raddei — ARRIBAS 1997
Lacerta raddei — ANDERSON 1999
Lacerta raddei — FU, MURPHY & DAREVSKY 2000
Darevskia raddei — MURPHY et al. 2000
Archaeolacerta (Caucasilacerta) raddei — SINDACO et al. 2000
Lacerta raddei — SZCZERBAK 2003
Darevskia raddei — GRECHKO et al. 2007

Darevskia raddei nairensis (DAREVSKY, 1967)
Lacerta saxicola nairensis DAREVSKY 1967: 68
Lacerta raddei nairensis - UZZELL & DAREVSKY 1973
Lacerta nairensis - DAREVSKY 1992
Archaeolacerta (Caucasilacerta) nairensis — SINDACO et al. 2000
Darevskia (raddei) nairensis — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) nairensis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia nairensis — ARAKELYAN et al. 2011

Darevskia raddei vanensis (EISELT, SCHMIDTLER & DAREWSKY, 1993)
Lacerta raddei vanensis — SCHMIDTLER et al. 1994
Lacerta (Darevskia) raddei vanensis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionArmenia, S Azerbaijan, NW Iran, S Republic of Georgia (eastern Small Caucasus), NE Turkey (Kars region, east of Lake Van)

chaldoranensis: Iran (W Azerbaijan); Type locality: Chaldoran area (39° 03' N, 44° 22' E) in the northern regions of west Azerbaijan Province, Iran.

raddei: Armenia, Iran, etc.; Type locality: Aras River Valley, SE Armenia, “Nieuvadi, Arax Valley, Armenia” fide ANDERSON 1999.

vanensis: E Anatolia (Turkey), Iran; Type locality: Burgberg der Stadt Van, 1720 m [elevation], Türkei;

nairensis: Armenia; Type locality: Lchashen, Beach Lake. Sevan in Armenia Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
ReproductionLacerta raddei (and Lacerta nairensis) has been implicated as maternal parents of the parthenogenetic L. rostombekovi and L. unisexualis, respectively (Uzzell and Darevsky 1975). L. nairensis is also possibly the aternal parent of L. uzzelli (Darevsky and Danielyan 1977, Moritz et al. 1992). Interestingly, sterile triploids have resulted form crosses between males of bisexuals and females of sympatric parthenogens, either L. armenicaca or L. unisexualis in the case of L. nairensis, or L. rostombekovi in the case of L. raddei (Darevsky 1967, Darevsky et al. 1986). 
TypesLectotype: SMF 12054
Holotype: NMW 32999; paratypes in FMNH, MHNL, MZF, and NMW [vanensis]
Holotype: RUZM- LL70.1; paratypes: RUZM [chaldoranensis]
Holotype: ZISP = ZIN 17941 (Zool. Inst., St. Petersburg) [nairensis] 
CommentSubspecies: Lacerta raddei defilippi is listed in ENGELMANN et al. (1993) but has been elevated to species level.

Synonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.)

Diagnosis (chaldoranensis): A relatively small-sized lacertid, maximum SVL = 50−52 mm, TL = 102−110 mm; dorsal body with 50−55 smooth, or very weakly keeled, juxtaposed dorsal scales, not imbricated; ventral body with six longitudinal and 28−31 transverse rows of scales; 25−28 gulars on midline from the level of the third pair of chin shields to collar; 10−12 granules between supraciliaries and supra- oculars; collar weakly serrated, consisting of 9−11 scales; 29−30 lamellae present under the fourth toe; and 20−20 femoral pores. 
EtymologyEtymology (chaldoranensis): Darevskia r. chaldoranensis is so named as it was collected for the first time from vicinity of Chaldoran in the west Azerbaijan Province, Iran. 
References
  • Amir Dehghani, Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Seyed Mahdi Banan-Khojasteh, and Alireza<br />Mohammadpour 2014. Sexual size dimorphism in Darevskia raddei (Sauria: Lacertidae) from northwestern Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 60 (2):
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144]
  • Arakelyan, Marine S.; Felix D. Danielyan, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, and Alan E. Leviton 2011. The Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 154 pp. [ISBN: 978-0-916984-84-7.]
  • Argaña, Elena; Susana Freitas, Neftalí Sillero, Claudia Corti, Sergei V. Drovetski, Enrique Garcia-Muñoz, Diana Ferreira, Sónia Ferreira and Miguel A. Carretero 2013. An apparent case of bilateral gynandromorphy in the femoral pores of the Caucasian rock lizard Darevskia raddei. Herpetology Notes 6: 77-80 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Arribas, O. J. 1999. Phylogeny and relationships of the mountain lizards of Europe and Near East (Archaeolacerta MERTENS, 1921, sensu lato) and their relationships among the eurasian lacertid radiation. Russ. J. Herpetol. 6 (1): 1-22 - get paper here
  • Bobyn,M.L. et al. 1996. Allozyme variation in populations of Lacerta raddei and Lacerta nairensis (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Armenia. Amphibia-Reptilia 17: 233-246 - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I.S. and Danielyan,F.D. 1977. Lacerta uzzelli sp. nov. (Sauria: Lacertidae) - a new parthenogenetic species of rock lizard from eastern Turkey. Leningrad, Trudy Zool. Inst. 76: 55-59 [in Russian]
  • Darevsky,I.S. 1967. Rock lizards of the Caucasus: Systematics, ecology and phylogenesis of the polymorphic groups of Caucasian rock lizards of the the subgenus Archaeolacerta (Skal'nye Yashcheritsy Kavkasa; Izdat elst'vo Nauka, Leningrad). Leningrad, Nauka (English translation 1978): Ind. Nat. Sci. Doc. Centre; New Delhi, 276 pp. - get paper here
  • Darevsky,I.S. 1992. Evolution and ecology of parthenogenesis in reptiles. In: Adler,K. (ed.): Herpetology: Current research on the biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. Proc. First World Congress Herpetol. (Oxford, Ohio): 21-39
  • Dehghani, A. & Rastegar-Pouyani, N. & Mahdi Banan-Khojasteh, S. & Mohammadpour, A. 2014. Some remarks on Darevskia raddei raddei (BOETTGER, 1892) (Sauria:Lacertidae) habitat loss in Arasbaran, East Azerbaijan, Iran. L@CERTIDAE (Eidechsen Online) [2]: 11-16
  • Eiselt,J.; Schmidtler,J.F. & Darevsky,I.S. 1993. Untersuchungen an Felseidechsen (Lacerta saxicola Komplex) in der östlichen Türkei. 2. Eine nue Unterart der Lacerta raddei BOETTGER, 1892 (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae). Herpetozoa 6 (1/2): 65-70 - get paper here
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Fu, J.; MURPHY R.W. & DAREVSKY,I.S. 2000. Divergence of the cytochrome b gene in the Lacerta raddei complex and its parthenogenetic daughter species: evidence for recent multiple origins. Copeia 2000 (2): 432-440 - get paper here
  • Fu, JINZHONG AND ROBERT W. MURPHY 1997. Toward the phylogeny of caucasian rock lizards: implications from mitochondrial DNA gene sequences (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society (1997), 121: 463–477. - get paper here
  • Grechko, V.V.; A. A. Bannikova, S. A. Kosushkin, N. L. Ryabinina, K. D. Milto, I. S. Darevsky and D. A. Kramerov 2007. Molecular Genetic Diversification of the Lizard Complex Darevskia raddei (Sauria: Lacertidae): Early Stages of Speciation. Molecular Biology, 41 (5): 764–775
  • Kupriyanova, L. A. 1994. Structure, localization and stability of chromosomes in karyotype evolution in lizards of the Lacertidae family. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (2): 161-168 - get paper here
  • Langerwerf, B. 1978. Kaukasusrotshagedissen als ideale terrariumdieren. Lacerta 36 (12): 196-204 - get paper here
  • Murphy, R.W.; Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D.; Darevsky,I.S. & Kupriyanova,L.A. 2000. A fine line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 130: 527-549
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  • Rastegar-Pouyani, NASRULLAH; Karamiani RASOUL, Oraei HAMZEH, Khosrawani AZAR, Rastegar-Pouyani ESKANDAR 2011. A New Subspecies of Darevskia raddei (Boettger, 1892) (Sauria: Lacertidae) from the West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Asian Herpetological Research 3 (3): 216–222 - get paper here
  • Ryabinin, D. M.;Grechko, V. V.;Darevsky, I. S.;Ryskov, A. P.;Semenova, S. K. 1996. Comparative study of DNA repetitive sequences by means of restriction endonucleases among populations and subspecies of some lacertid lizard species. Russ. J. Herpetol. 3 (2): 178-185 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler J F; Eiselt, J; Darevsky I S 1994. Untersuchungen an Feldeidechsen (Lacerta-saxicola-Gruppe) in der östlichen Türkei: 3. Zwei neue parthogenetische Arten. Salamandra 30 (1): 55-70
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