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Darevskia sapphirina (SCHMIDTLER, EISELT & DAREVSKY, 1994)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia sapphirina - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLacerta sapphirina SCHMIDTLER, EISELT & DAREVSKY 1994: 55
Darevskia sapphirina — ARRIBAS 1997
Darevskia sapphirina — MURPHY et al. 2000
Archaeolacerta (Caucasilacerta) sapphirina — SINDACO et al. 2000
Lacerta (Darevskia) sapphirina — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia sapphirinica — BÖHME 2010: 101 
DistributionE Turkey (north of Lake Van)

Type locality: “Provinzgrenze Van/Agri, 30 km NW Erçis, 2000 m, Türkei”  
Reproductionparthenogenetic "species", probably resulting from hybridization between D. valentini and D. raddei (SCHMIDTLER et al. 1994). 
TypesHolotype: ZSM 170/1993, female; Paratypes: ZFMK 57136, ZSM CAS, NMW. 
CommentAbundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
Etymologyafter “saphire”, a blue gem, referring to the characteristic blue lateral spots in this species. 
  • Arakelyan, Marine, Ruzanna Petrosyan, Cetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutas, Salih Hakan Durmus, Yahya Tayhan and Felix Danielyan. 2013. A skeletochronological study of parthenogenetic lizards of the genus Darevskia from Turkey. Acta Herpetologica 8 (2): 99-104 - get paper here
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2014. Herpetology in Bonn. Mertensiella 21. vi + 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Fu, J.; MURPHY R.W. & DAREVSKY,I.S. 2000. Divergence of the cytochrome b gene in the Lacerta raddei complex and its parthenogenetic daughter species: evidence for recent multiple origins. Copeia 2000 (2): 432-440 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Murphy, R.W.; Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D.; Darevsky,I.S. & Kupriyanova,L.A. 2000. A fine line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 130: 527-549 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler J F; Eiselt, J; Darevsky I S 1994. Untersuchungen an Feldeidechsen (Lacerta-saxicola-Gruppe) in der östlichen Türkei: 3. Zwei neue parthogenetische Arten. Salamandra 30 (1): 55-70 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554. - get paper here
  • Tiedemann,F. & Grillitsch,H. 1999. Ergänzungen zu den Katalogen der Typusexemplare der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien. [type catalogue] Herpetozoa 12 (3-4): 147-156 - get paper here
  • Tuniyev B.S., Tuniyev S.B., Avcı A., Ilgaz Ç. 2014. Herpetological studies in Eastern and North-Eastern Turkey. Current Studies in Herpetology 14 (1/2): 44–53. Резюме - get paper here
  • Yanchukov, Alexey; David Tarkhnishvili, Meriç Erdolu, Mehmet Kürşat Şahin, Kamil Candan, Marine Murtskhvaladze, Mariam Gabelaia, Giorgi Iankoshvili, Natia Barateli, Çetin Ilgaz, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Ferhat Matur, Faruk Çolak, Marine Arakelyan, Eduard Galo 2022. Precise paternal ancestry of hybrid unisexual ZW lizards (genus Darevskia: Lacertidae: Squamata) revealed by Z-linked genomic markers. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2022;, blac023, - get paper here
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