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Darevskia saxicola (EVERSMANN, 1834)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia saxicola - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesG: Felseneidechse
Russian: Скальная ящерица 
SynonymLacerta saxicola EVERSMANN 1834: 349
Lacerta muralis fusca var. saxicola — BEDRIAGA 1886
Lacerta saxicola — MEHELY 1909: 491
Lacerta muralis var. saxicola — BOULENGER 1913
Lacerta saxicola — FU & MURPHY 1997
Darevskia saxicola — ARRIBAS 1997
Lacerta (Caucasilacerta) saxicola — HARRIS et al. 1998
Darevskia saxicola — MURPHY et al. 2000
Lacerta saxicola — SZCZERBAK 2003
Darevskia saxicola — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) saxicola — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionTurkey [Darevsky 1965, 1967, 1972],
S Russia (northern slopes of the west and central Caucasus, western part of the N Precaucasus, Krasnodar region, in northwestern Precaucasus, NE Black Sea coast, between Anapa and Noworossisk), W Republic of Georgia (in the south up to the Rioni Plain); elevation up to 2200 m (and probably higher).

Type locality: Kislovodsk, S Russia; neotype locality: Russian Federation, Stavropol Territory, Kislovodsk, southern slope of the Borgustan Ridge, 42°44 ́N 43°57 ́E  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesNeotype: ZISP 25731 (designated by DORONIN 2012). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (Darevskia): see Arribas (1997, 1999) and Arnold et al. (2007).

Diagnosis (Caucasilacerta): Arnold et al. (2007: 40) incorrectly stated that the name Caucasilacerta was a nomen nudum. Harris et al. (1998: 1945) did indeed provide diagnostic characters, which include “a single postnasal scale and a relatively high number of presacral vertebrae.” According to Busack et al. 2016 these characters are sufficient to Code-compliantly establish the name Caucasilacerta. Thus, according to the Principle of Priority Caucasilacerta Harris, Arnold & Thomas, 1998 is a senior synonym of Darevskia Arribas, 1999 as the valid genus name. 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). MACCULLOCH et al. (2000) elevated Lacerta saxicola lindholmi LANTZ & CYRÉN, 1936 to full species status. These authors also synonymized D. s. darevskii und D. s. szczerbaki with Darevskia s. brauneri, which they elevated to full species status.

According to Busack et al. 2016 Darevskia was not validly published by ARRIBAS 1997, which was a thesis and therefore not Code-compliant. Thus, Caucasilacerta has priority over Darevskia, and Darevskia should be synonymized with Caucasilacerta. However, a case (3711) concerning the microfiche publication (Arribas, 1997) and therefore the validity of Darevskia over Caucasilacerta has been submitted to the ICZN by Arribas et al. in 2015. There seems to be no decision yet (as of Nov 2016). See Arribas 2016 for more details and Arribas et al. 2017 who concluded that Darevskia Arribas 1997 is the valid name for the genus.

Distribution not corrected for elevation of brauneri and lindholmi to species status.

Type species: Lacerta saxicola Eversmann, 1834 is the type species of the genus Darevskia ARRIBAS 1999 and of subgenus Caucasilacerta HARRIS et al. 1998: 1947. However, Arribas 2016 argued that Caucasilacerta is a nomen nudum. Case 3711 has been submitted to the ICZN for clarification of this issue (Arribas et al. 2018) 
EtymologyNamed after Russian herpetologist Ilya S. Darevsky (18 Dec 1924 - 8 Aug 2009). The species has been named after Latin “saxum” (= stone, cliff, rock) and “colere” (= inhabiting etc.). 
References
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Arribas, ; Oscar J.; Natalia B. Ananjeva; Salvador Carranza; Igor V. Doronin; Nikolai L. Orlov; Valentina F. Orlova 2018. Case 3711—Iberolacerta Arribas and Darevskia Arribas (Chordata, Squamata, Lacertidae): proposals to deem these names available either from Arribas (1997) or from Arribas (1999) Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 75: 122-129
  • Arribas, O. J. 1997. Morfologia, filogenia y bibliografia de las lagartijas de alta montana de los Pirineos [Microforma]. Tesis doctoral - Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Publicaciones de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona), 353 pp. ISBN 84-490-0830-1
  • Arribas, Oscar J. 2016. Why Caucasilacerta Harris, Arnold et Thomas, 1998 is a nomen nudum? Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (4): 305-306 - get paper here
  • Arribas, Oscar J.; Natalia B. Ananjeva, Salvador Carranza, Igor V. Doronin, D. James Harris, Nikolay L. Orlov, Valentina F. Orlova 2017. The pernicious effect of retroactive changes in the Code: Darevskia and nomenclatorial stability, a reply to Busack et al. (2016). Basic and Applied Herpetology, [S.l.], v. 31, p. 125-129 - get paper here
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  • Danielyan, F. D. 1965. Mechanisms of reproductive isolation in some Armenian forms of rock lizards (Lacerta saxicola Eversmann). Izvestia Akad, Nauk Armenian S. S. R. (Biol.) 18, 75-80.
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  • Darewskij, I. [= Darevsky] 1984. Lacerta saxicola - Felseidechse. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/I., Echsen II (Lacerta). Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 345-361
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  • Doronin, I.V. 2014. REVIEW OF TYPE SPECIMENS OF ROCK LIZARDS OF DAREVSKIA (CAUCASICA) COMPLEX (SAURIA: LACERTIDAE) Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Труды Зоологического института РАН) 318 (4): 371–381 - get paper here
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  • Grechko VV, Ciobanu DG, Darevsky IS, Kosushkin SA, Kramerov DA. 2006. Molecular evolution of satellite DNA repeats and speciation of lizards of the genus Darevskia (Sauria: Lacertidae). Genome 49(10):1297-307.
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  • Kupriyanova, L. A. 1994. Structure, localization and stability of chromosomes in karyotype evolution in lizards of the Lacertidae family. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (2): 161-168 - get paper here
  • Lantz,L.A. & Cyrén,O. 1936. Contribution à la connaissance de Lacerta saxicola EVERSMANN. Bull. Soc. zool. France (Paris) 61: 159-181 - get paper here
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  • Macculloch, R. D. , J. FU, I. S. DAREVSKY & R. W. MURPHY 2000. Genetic evidence for species status of some Caucasian rock lizards in the Darevskia saxicola group. Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (2): 169-176 - get paper here
  • Méhely, Lajos von 1909. Materialien zu einer Systematik und Phylogenie der muralis-ähnlichen Lacerten. Annales historico-naturales Musei nationalis Hungarici, Budapest, 7 (2): 409-621 - get paper here
  • Murphy, R.W.; Fu,J.; MacCulloch, R.D.; Darevsky,I.S. & Kupriyanova,L.A. 2000. A fine line between sex and unisexuality: the phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 130: 527-549
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  • Ryabinin, D. M.;Grechko, V. V.;Darevsky, I. S.;Ryskov, A. P.;Semenova, S. K. 1996. Comparative study of DNA repetitive sequences by means of restriction endonucleases among populations and subspecies of some lacertid lizard species. Russ. J. Herpetol. 3 (2): 178-185 - get paper here
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  • Tarkhnishvili, David; Gabelaia, Mariam; Mumladze, Levan; Murtskhvaladze, Marine 2016. Mitochondrial phylogeny of the Darevskia saxicola complex: two highly deviant evolutionary lineages from the easternmost part of the range The Herpetological Journal 26 (2): 175-182 - get paper here
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