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Darevskia spitzenbergerae (EISELT, DAREVSKY & SCHMIDTLER, 1992)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesDarevskia spitzenbergerae spitzenbergerae (EISELT, DAREVSKY & SCHMIDTLER 1992)
Darevskia spitzenbergerae wernermayeri ARRIBAS et al. 2022 
Common NamesE: Caucasian Rock Lizard, Valentin's Lizard
G: Valentins Felseneidechse 
SynonymLacerta valentini spitzenbergerae EISELT, DAREVSKY & SCHMIDTLER, 1992: 13
Archaeolacerta (Caucasilacerta) valentini spitzenbergerae — SINDACO et al. 2000: 459
Darevskia spitzenbergerae spitzenbergerae — ARRIBAS et al. 2022
Darevskia valentini spitzenbergerae — CRUCITTI et al. 2023

Darevskia spitzenbergerae wernermayeri ARRIBAS et al. 2022
Lacerta valentini lantzicyreni — EISELT et al. 1992
Darevskia valentini “Clade A” — CANDAN et al. 2021 
DistributionE Turkey

Type locality: Mergan Yayla (= Alm im Cilo-Sat Gebirge), E Türkei, Vil. Hakkari, 2500 m.  
TypesHolotype: NMW 32224 (m.), SPITZENBERGER leg., 17. 7. 1974
Holotype: ZDEU123/2015 (n.3), male, Yukarınarlıca village, Çatak, van, Turkey. leg. Yusuf Kumlutaş, Çetin Ilgaz, 29. 07. 2015. Paratypes: 7 males, 10 females. Same locality, date and collectors as holotype. [wernermayeri] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (wernermayeri): Darevskia spitzenbergerae wernermayeri ssp. nov. differs from nominate form (D. s. spitzenbergerae) in having a higher number of supraciliar granules (18-31 vs. 14-23), supratemporal (4-6 vs. 3-6), ventrals (29-31 vs. 26-30) (females), preanals (1-3 vs. 1-3), tibial scales (16-21 vs. 15-19), temporal scales 1 (5-7 vs. 2-6) and temporal scales 2 (4-6 vs. 2-6). Darevskia s. wernermayeri ssp. nov. has a relatively smaller head relative length (0.18- 0.21 vs. 0.19-0.24). It also differs by a characteristic color pattern of the body. The main osteological diagnostic characters that differ from the nominate form can be specified as follows: The higher number of maxillary (19-21 vs. 16-18) and dentary teeth (23-24 vs. 20-23). Postorbital greater or equal than postfrontal (greater, rarely equal in D. s. spitzenbergerae).

Description of holotype (wernermayeri): An adult male. Tail regenerated (see Appendix 5c). Fixed with ethanol and conserved in 96% ethanol.
Scalation: Rostral not in contact with the nostril. Single postnasal on each side. Width of frontonasal (internasal) plate subequal to length, not in contact with rostral. Sutures between prefrontal plates and frontal plate straight. Parietal plates in contact with postorbital plates on each side. Supraciliar granules 13 and 12, interrupted series on left, continuous on right. Supraciliar plates 6 on each side. Supralabial and sublabial plates 4 and 6 on each side, respectively. Plates in supratemporal region 6 on left, 5 on right side. The first supratemporal plate large narrows towards the back, and ends bluntly. Masseteric large, in one piece on left and two pieces on right, separated from the first supratemporal plate by three longitudinal scales on each side. Tympanic obvious, separated from masseteric by three and two rows of small scales on left and right, respectively. Nine flat collaria. Gularia 33. Ventralia contains 6 longitudinal and 28 transverse rows of plates. Preanal scale singular, surrounded by 6 rows of plates. Femoral pores 20 on each side. Subdigital lamellae 28 on each side. Tibialia 20. Dorsalia 51.
Biometry: SvL 63.57 mm. Pileus width 6.90 mm, pileus length 12.96 mm, head width 8.26 mm, head length 13.74 mm. Length of forelimb 22.02 mm, length of hindlimb 31.37 mm. Anal plate width and length are 4.12 mm and 1.84 mm, respectively.
Coloration and pattern (in alcohol): Ground color of dorsum greenish-brown, with two irregular paravertebral rows of dark spots. Similar dark spotting is present on each side of the body, that show the reminiscent of a reticulate pattern reduced to only isolated irregular spots. Between these two areas of dark spots, located both in the middle of the dorsum and flank, a paler and spot-free double strip area extends from nape to base of the tail (see photos in Appendix 5). There are few pale spots on dark bandings on the flanks, and more on the forelimb. A few spots near the basis of the forelimb are bluish. The belly, along with the head and neck, is whitish (Appendix 5). The background color of head plates is brownish, with a few scattered and small black spots. The first longitudinal row of ventral plates has dark spots on each side. 

D. s. wernermayeri was named after Dr. Werner Mayer (1943-2015), for his remarkable work on the knowledge of lacertid genera relationships and species taxonomy. 
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