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Darevskia steineri (EISELT, 1995)

IUCN Red List - Darevskia steineri - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Steiner's lizard 
SynonymLacerta steineri EISELT 1995
Lacerta (Archaeolacerta) steineri — TIEDEMANN & GRILLITSCH 1999
Lacerta steineri — ANDERSON 1999
Darevskia steineri — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Darevskia) steineri — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Darevskia steineri — AHMADZADEH et al. 2013: 13 
DistributionNE Iran

Type locality: Gole-Loweh bei Minou-dasht (37° 20' 53" N, 55°40’ '28"E), SE Gonbad-e-Gavous, NE-Iran.  
TypesHolotype: NMW 33715, adult male 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A member of the D. defilippii-complex with a non- serrated collar and smooth dorsal scales. According to Eiselt [45] distinguished from D. chlorogaster and D. defilippii by a relatively longer pileus; a very small massetericum; the higher number of dorsals, small tibials and small temporals between masseteric and tympanic/supratemporal shield; compared to D. defilippii a lower number of small femoralia and marginalia. We further character- ize this species by the combination of ventral plates with nearly rectilinear posterior margins in 21–25 transversal and 6 longitu- dinal rows; 50–60 dorsal scales across middle of back; 7–10 collar scales; 36–49 small scales along fold among ears; 23–30 gular scales from angle between maxillar scales to collar; 15–21 femoral pores; 28–33 scales under fourth toe; 5–6 supraciliar scales; 10–12 supraciliar granules; 2–3 scales between masseteric and supra- temporal shield; 2–4 scales between masseteric and tympanic shield; 2 large preanal scales; rostral separated from nostril. The maximum snout-vent length in our material is 56.6 mm in males and 60.9 mm in females, while Eiselt’s largest specimen measured 71 mm. In contrast to all other species within this complex, which are characterized by a reddish coloration on the belly, D. steineri has a greenish ventral coloration [AHMADZADEH et al. 2013]
CommentHabitat. Tree trunks and forest floor within the Hyrcanian forest.

Sympatry: Darevskia kamii

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyNamed after Hans M. Steiner, the zoologist and explorer of amphibians and reptiles of Iran. 
  • Ahmadzadeh F, Flecks M, Carretero MA, Mozaffari O, Böhme W, et al. 2013. Cryptic Speciation Patterns in Iranian Rock Lizards Uncovered by Integrative Taxonomy. PLoS One 8 (12): e80563. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0080563 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Eiselt, J. 1995. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Archaeolacerten (sensu Mehely, 1909) des Iran (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae). Herpetozoa 8 (1-2): 59-72. - get paper here
  • Freitas, S., Westram, A.M., Schwander, T., Arakelyan, M., Ilgaz, Ç., Kumlutas, Y., Harris, D.J., Carretero, M.A. and Butlin, R.K. 2022. Parthenogenesis in Darevskia lizards - a rare outcome of common hybridisation, not a common outcome of rare hybridisation Parthenogenesis, gene flow and hybridisation. Evolution - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Hosseinian Yousefkhani, S.S. & N. RASTEGAR-POUYANI, E. RASTEGAR-POUYANI & M. ARAB 2012. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Lebensraumes von Darevskia steineri (EISELT, 1995) am Loveh-Wasserfall, Nordost-Iran. Die Eidechse 23 (3): 71-74. - get paper here
  • Hosseinian Yousefkhani, S.S. & Rastegar-Pouyani, N. & Rastegar-Pouyani, E. & Arab, M. 2013. A contribution to the knowledge of Darevskia steineri (Eiselt, 1995) habitat at Loveh Waterfall, Northeastern Iran. L@CERTIDAE (Eidechsen Online) 2013 [6]: 77-80 - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • Rastegar-Pouyani, Eskandar; Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani,Mohammad Arab 2013. Rediscovery of Darevskia steineri (Eiselt, 1995) (Sauria: Lacertidae) from Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 20 (1): 36-38 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Tiedemann,F. & Grillitsch,H. 1999. Ergänzungen zu den Katalogen der Typusexemplare der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien. [type catalogue] Herpetozoa 12 (3-4): 147-156 - get paper here
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