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Dasypeltis medici BIANCONI, 1859

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Eastern Forest Egg-eater, East African Egg Eater
G: Ostafrikanische Eierschlange (lamuensis: Östliche O.E.) 
SynonymDasypeltis medici medici (BIANCONI 1859)
Dipsas Medici BIANCONI 1859
Dasypeltis palmarum PETERS 1878 (not of LEACH!)
Dasypeltis scaber var. fasciolata PETERS 1868: 451
Dasypeltis elongata MOCQUARD 1888: 131
Dasypeltis scabra var. bianconii BOETTGER 1893: 132
Dasypeltis scabra var. F BOULENGER 1894 (part.)
Dasypeltis scaber UTHMÖLLER 1934 (part.)
Dasypeltis scaber LOVERIDGE 1936 (part.)
Dasypeltis scaber SCORTECCI 1939: 276 (part.)
Dasypeltis scaber medici LOVERIDGE 1939 (part.)
Dasypeltis medici lamuensis GANS 1957
Dasypeltis medici medici — RASMUSSEN 1981: 180
Dasypeltis medici lamuensis — LANZA 1988
Dasypeltis medici lamuensis — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 32
Dasypeltis medici medici — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 32
Dasypeltis medici — BROADLEY et al. 2003: 231
Dasypeltis medici — WALLACH et al. 2014: 211
Dasypeltis medici medici — BATES et al. 2014: 411
Dasypeltis medici lamuensis — GÖTHEL 2015
Dasypeltis medici — BATES & BROADLEY 2018: 8
Dasypeltis medici — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 519 
DistributionS Kenya, Tanzania, N/C Mozambique, Malawi, NE Zimbabwe, Somalia, Zambia, NE Republic of South Africa (Kwazulu Natal), Swaziland

lamuensis: coastal Somalia, south through Kenya to NE Tanzania at Mount Kilimanjaro and Moshi; Type locality: Lamu Island, Kenya.

Type locality: Mozambique; probably Inhambane (fide BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: ZMB 5737 [Dasypeltis scaber var. fasciolata PETERS 1868]
Holotype: MCZ 40581–2 [lamuensis] 
CommentSynonymy after GANS 1957 and BATES & BROADLEY 2018 who synonymized the subspecies lamuensis with medici.

Distribution: see map in GÖTHEL 2015: 19, BATES & BROADLEY 2018: 12 (Fig. 3).

Habitat. Coastal and montane forest and savannah at elevations from sea level to about 2500 m on Mount Warges (Kenya). In southern Africa it occurs in lowland evergreen forest (Broadley 1990).

Sympatry. Sympatric with D. scabra at Belet Amin (Somalia), Kilifi (Kenya), and Amani, Dodoma, Morogoro and Zanzibar (Tanzania); sympatric with D. atra at Nyambene Hills (Kenya) and Moshi (Tanzania); sympatric with both of these species at Mt Kilimanjaro in Tanzania (BATES & BROADLEY 2018). 
  • Bates, M.F. & D.G. Broadley 2018. A revision of the egg-eating snakes of the genus Dasypeltis Wagler (Squamata: Colubridae: Colubrinae) in north-eastern Africa and south-western Arabia, with descriptions of three new species. Indago 34 (1): 1-95 - get paper here
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bianconi, J.J. 1859. Specimina Zoologica Mosambicana. Bononiae, fasc. 1-16, ii+406 pp. First published in Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Inst. Bologna 10: 501 - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1893. Uebersicht der von Prof. C. Keller anlässlich der Ruspolischen Expedition nach den Somaliländern gesammelten Reptilien und Batrachier. (Schluss). Zool. Anz. 16 (417): 129- 132. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. & Blaylock 2013. The Snakes of Zimbabwe and Botswana. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 387 pp. [book review in Sauria 35 (2): 59 and Copeia 2014: 388] - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Broadley, D.G.; Doria, C.T. & Wigge, J. 2003. Snakes of Zambia. An Atlas and Field Guide. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 280 pp. [review in Sauria 26 (3): 21]
  • Gans,C. 1957. Dasypeltis medici lamuensis, a new race of egg-eating snkae (Ophidia, Reptilia) from coastal East Africa. Breviora (79): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Die Eierschlangenarten Afrikas. Draco 16 (61): 78-92 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Nachzucht von Afrikanischen Eierschlangen. Draco 16 (61): 62-69 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Evolutionsbiologische Betrachtungen. Draco 16 (61): 38-45 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Das Fressverhalten Afrikanischer Eierschlangen. Draco 16 (61): 28-37 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Abgepacktes Futter – Vogeleier als Nahrungsquelle. Draco 16 (61): 22-27 - get paper here
  • Göthel, Helmut 2015. Die Pazifisten unter den Schlangen – Afrikanische Eierschlangen der Gattung Dasypeltis. Draco 16 (61): 6-21 - get paper here
  • Hermann, R. 1994. Anmerkungen über eine unerwartete Nachzucht der ostafrikanischen Eierschlange Dasypeltis medici lamuensis GANS 1957. Sauria 16 (3): 3-10 - get paper here
  • Jacobs, Jan-Cor 2004. The Eastern-African eggsnake Dasypeltis medici (lamuensis). Litteratura Serpentium 24 (2): 57-66 - get paper here
  • Jacobsen, Niels H.G.; Errol W. Pietersen & Darren W. Pietersen 2010. A preliminary herpetological survey of the Vilanculos Coastal Wildlife Sanctuary on the San Sebastian Peninsula, Vilankulo, Mozambique. Herpetology Notes 3: 181-193 - get paper here
  • Kulmus, H. 1985. Einige Anmerkungen zur Zucht und Haltung von Eierschlangen. Herpetofauna 7 (36): 23-34 - get paper here
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Loveridge,A. 1936. Scientific results of an expedition to rain forest regions in Eastern Africa. V. Reptiles. Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard 79 (5): 209-337 - get paper here
  • Lyakurwa, John Valentine 2017. The Reptiles of the Uzungwa Scarp Forest Reserve (USFR): An Updated Checklist with Notes on Dagger-Tooth Vine Snake Xyelodontophis uluguruensis. Journal of East African Natural History 106(2):57-65. - get paper here
  • Malonza, Vincent; Beryl A. Bwong, Vincent Muchai 2011. Kitobo Forest of Kenya, a unique hotspot of herpetofaunal divers. Acta Herpetologica 6 (2): 149-160 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 1995. The Encyclopedia of Snakes. New York: Facts on File, 256 pp.
  • Paterna, <br />Alessandro 2017. Reproduction Cycle of the Eastern Egg-Eater Snake Dasypeltis medici medici (Bianconi, 1859) in Captivity Russ. J. Herpetol. 24 (3): 228-234 - get paper here
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1868. Über eine neue Nagergattung, Chiropodomys penicullatus, sowie über einige neue oder weniger bekannte Amphibien und Fische. M. Ber. k. preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1868 : 448-461 - get paper here
  • Peters,W.C.H. 1878. Über die von Hrn. J. M. Hildebrandt während seiner letzten ostafrikanischen Reise gesammelten Säugethiere und Amphibien. Mber. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1878: 194-209
  • Rasmussen,J.B. 1981. The snakes from the rainforest of the Usambara Mountains, Tanzania: a checklist and key. Salamandra 17 (3-4): 173-188 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Uthmöller,W. 1934. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Schlangenfauna des Kilimandscharo (Tanganyika Territory, ehemaliges Deutsch-Ostafrika). Temminckia, Leiden 2: 97-134
  • Vats, Rajeev; Ignas Safari 2014. Diversity of Snakes at the University of Dodoma Campus, Tanzania. American Journal of Zoological Research, 2 (3): 41-45 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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