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Deinagkistrodon acutus (GÜNTHER, 1888)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Chinese Moccasin
G: Chinesischer Kupferkopf, Chinesische Nasenotter 
SynonymHalys acutus GÜNTHER 1888: 171
Ancistrodon acutus BOULENGER 1896
Agkistrodon acutus — POPE 1935
Ancistrodon acutus — SMITH 1943: 501
Deinagkistrodon acutus GLOYD 1979
Agkistrodon acutus — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Deinagkistrodon acutus — WELCH 1994: 53
Deinagkistrodon acutus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 301
Deinagkistrodon acutus — SANG et al. 2009 
DistributionC/S Taiwan, China (from Zhejiang and Fujian west to Guizhou and SE Sichuan; Hupeh, Hunan, Chekiang, Fukien, Kwangtung),
N Vietnam, Laos ?

Type locality: Wusueh, Hupeh, China Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 
CommentVenomous!

Type species: Halys acutus GÜNTHER 1888: 171 is the type species of the genus Deinagkistrodon GLOYD 1979. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “acuere” = sharp, or “acutus” = sharpened, pointed, or “acumen” = tip, or “acus” = needle. 
References
  • Aeberhard, Roger 2014. Bemerkungen zur Naturbrut der Chinesischen Nasenotter, Deinagkistrodon acutus (Günther, 1888) Ophidia 8 (1): 23-32
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Chen, Y.; Zhang, D.; Jiang, K. & Wang, Z. 1992. Evaluation of Snake Venoms among Agkistrodon Species in China. Asiatic Herpetological Research 4: 58-61 - get paper here
  • Fleck,J. 1987. Erst-Nachzucht von Agkistrodon acutus (GÜNTHER 1888) (Serpentes: Crotalidae). Salamandra 23 (4): 193-203
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Günther, A. 1888. On a collection of reptiles from China. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 165-172 - get paper here
  • Guo, P.; Jadin, R.C.; Malhotra, A. & Li, C. 2009. An investigation of the cranial evolution of Asian pitvipers (Serpentes: Crotalinae), with comments on the phylogenetic position of Peltopelor macrolepis. Acta Zoologica 91: 402-407
  • Guo, P.; Zhang, F.J. & Chen, Y.Y. 1999. The Hemipenes of Chinese Species of Deinagkistrodon and Gloydius (Serpentes: Crotaiinae). Asiatic Herpetological Research 8: 38-42 - get paper here
  • Huang, S.; He, S.; Peng, Z.; Zhao, K. & Zhao, E. 2007. Molecular phylogeography of endangered sharp-snouted pitviper(Deinagkistrodon acutus; Reptilia, Viperidae) in Mainland China. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 942–952 - get paper here
  • Jaureguy F, Landreau L, Passet V, Diancourt L, Frapy E, Guigon G, Carbonnelle E, Lortholary O, Clerm 2008. Evolution of the Mitochondrial Genome in Snakes: Gene Rearrangements and Phylogenetic Relationships. BMC Genomics 9:560
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Stejneger, L. 1910. The batrachians and reptiles of Formosa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 38: 91-114 - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. 2001. Zur Kenntnis der Chinesischen Nasenotter Deinagkistrodon acutus (GÜNTHER 1888). Herpetofauna 23 (135): 25-34 - get paper here
  • Wang, Y.M.; Wang, S.R.; Tsai, I.H. 2001. Serine protease isoforms of Deinagkistrodon acutus venom: cloning, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. Biochemistry Journal 354(1):161-168
  • Werning, H. 2009. Das Serpentarium des Snakeparadise in Eschlikon in der Schweiz. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (79): 76-82 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. 2003. Die vielfältige Welt chinesischer Schlangen. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (44): 20-29 - get paper here
  • Winchell, S. 2003. The wide world of snakes in China. Reptilia (GB) (31): 12-21 - get paper here
  • Yan, J.; Li, H. & Zhou, K. 2008. Evolution of the Mitochondrial Genome in Snakes:Gene Rearrangements and Phylogenetic Relationships. BMC Genomics 2008, 9:569 - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
 
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