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Deirochelys reticularia (LATREILLE, 1801)

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Deirochelyinae, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesDeirochelys reticularia reticularia (LATREILLE, 1801)
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea SCHWARTZ, 1956
Deirochelys reticularia miaria SCHWARTZ, 1956 
Common NamesChicken Turtle
reticularia: Eastern Chicken Turtle
chrysea: Florida Chicken Turtle
miaria: Western Chicken Turtle
G: Langhals-Schmuckschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo reticularia LATREILLE 1801: 124
Testudo reticulata DAUDIN 1802
Emys Reticulata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 291
Deirochelys reticularia — AGASSIZ 1857: 414
Emys reticularia — GRAY (fide GRAY 1863: 180)
Deirochelys reticularia GRAY 1870
Chrysemys reticulata BOULENGER 1889
Deirochelys reticularia — ALLEN 1932
Deirochelys reticularia — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 72
Deirochelys reticularia — CROTHER 2000
Deirochelys reticularia — TTWG 2014

Deirochelys reticularia reticularia (LATREILLE 1801)
Deirochelys reticularia reticularia — SCHWARTZ 1956: 476
Deirochelys reticularia reticularia — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 73
Deirochelys reticularia reticularia — CROTHER 2000
Deirochelys reticularia reticularia — RHODIN et al. 2010

Deirochelys reticularia chrysea SCHWARTZ 1956
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea SCHWARTZ 1956: 486
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 25
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 73
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea — CROTHER 2000
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea — OBST 2003: 11
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea — RHODIN et al. 2010

Deirochelys reticularia miaria SCHWARTZ 1956
Deirochelys reticularia miaria SCHWARTZ 1956
Deirochelys reticularia miaria — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 25
Deirochelys reticularia miaria — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 73
Deirochelys reticularia miaria — CROTHER 2000
Deirochelys reticularia miaria — RHODIN et al. 2010 
DistributionUSA (SE Virginia, along the Atlantic coastal Plain in S North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, along the Gulf Coastal Plain in Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, E Texas; Oklahoma, Arkansas, SE Missouri)

chrysea: SE USA (Florida); type locality: 5,8 miles east of Monroe Station, Collier County, Florida.

miaria: SE USA (SE Oklahoma, S/E Arkansas, E New Mexico, E Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Texas); type locality: College Station, Brazos County,Texas.

reticularia: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia); Type locality: vicinity of Charleston, South Carolina (restricted by K.P. SCHMIDT 1953). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 37478
Holotype: FMNH 37478. Paratypes: AMNH 36726; BCBC 225, 3044–46, 4690, 4694; CHM 55.39.3; CM 5443–45; FMNH 37482, 46282–83, 52995–96; KU 3145; SMBU 0085, 157, 160, 6684; TCWC 326, 691, 4679, 4680, 7278; TNHC 6035, 7325, 8905–07; UIMNH 2397, 28503, 31696 [miaria]
Holotype: UMMZ [chrysea] 
CommentType species: Testudo reticularia LATREILLE 1801: 124 is the type species of the genus Deirochelys AGASSIZ 1857: 441. 
References
  • Agassiz, Louis 1857. Contributions to the Natural History of the United States of America. vol. 1. Little, Brown & Co., Boston, lii + 452 pp.
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Buhlmann, Kurt A.; Justin D. Congdon, J. Whitfield Gibbons, and Judith L. Greene 2009. Ecology of Chicken Turtles (Deirochelys reticularia) in a Seasonal Wetland Ecosystem: Exploiting Resource and Refuge Environments. Herpetologica 65 (1): 39-53 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dinkelacker, Stephen A. and Nathanael L. Hilzinger 2014. Demographic and Reproductive Traits of Western Chicken Turtles, Deirochelys reticularia miaria, in Central Arkansas. Journal of Herpetology Dec 2014, Vol. 48, No. 4: 439-444. - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gibbons, J. W. 1969. Ecology and population dynamics of the chicken turtle, Deirochelys reticularia. Copeia 1969 (4): 669-676 - get paper here
  • Gibbons, J. W.;Greene, J. L. 1978. Selected aspects of the ecology of the chicken turtle, Deirochelys reticularia (Latreille)(Reptilia, Testudines, Emydidae). Journal of Herpetology 12 (2): 237-241 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1863. Notes on American Emydidae, and Professor Agassiz’s observations on my Catalogue of them. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 12: 176-183 - get paper here
  • Jackson, C. G., Jr. 1974. An unusual pattern of cervical central articulation in Deirochelys reticularia. Copeia 1974 (3): 788 - get paper here
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Latreille, P.A. 1802. In: C.N.S. Sonnini de Manoncourt and P.A. Latreille. Histoire Naturelle des Reptiles, avec Figures Déssinnées d'après Nature. Vol. 1. Détérville, Paris, xx + 280 p. [1802] - get paper here
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #9. Diamondback, Painted, and Chicken Turtles of North America. Reptilia (GB) (29): 64-69 - get paper here
  • McKnight, Donald T. and Day B. Ligon. 2014. Shell and pattern abnormalities in a population of western chicken turtles (Deirochelys reticularia miaria). Herpetology Notes 7: 89-91 - get paper here
  • McKnight, Donald T., Joshua R. Harmon, Jennifer L. McKnight and Day B. Ligon. 2015. The Spring–Summer Nesting and Activity Patterns of the Western Chicken Turtle (Deirochelys reticularia miaria). Copeia 103 (4): 1043-1047
  • McKnight, Donald T.; Anne C. Jones, and Day B. Ligon 2015. The Omnivorous Diet of the Western Chicken Turtle (Deirochelys reticularia miaria). Copeia 2015 (2): 322-328. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Mitchell, Joseph C. and Gerald R. Johnston. 2014. Deirochelys reticularia chrysea (Florida chicken turtle) kyphoscoliosis. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 312
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Sartor, Kellin and Renn Tumlison. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Deirochelys reticularia (Chicken Turtle). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 252
  • Say, T. 1824. On the fresh water and land Tortoises of the United States. J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 4 (2): 203-219 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, Albert 1956. Geographic variation in the chicken turtle Deirochelys reticularia Latreille. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 34 (41): 461-503
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Zug, George R.;Schwartz, Albert 1971. Deirochelys, D. reticularia. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (107): 1-3 - get paper here
 
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