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Deirochelys reticularia (LATREILLE, 1801)

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Higher TaxaEmydidae, Deirochelyinae, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesDeirochelys reticularia reticularia (LATREILLE, 1801)
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea SCHWARTZ, 1956
Deirochelys reticularia miaria SCHWARTZ, 1956 
Common NamesChicken Turtle
reticularia: Eastern Chicken Turtle
chrysea: Florida Chicken Turtle
miaria: Western Chicken Turtle
G: Langhals-Schmuckschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo reticularia LATREILLE 1801: 124
Testudo reticulata DAUDIN 1802
Emys Reticulata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 291
Deirochelys reticularia — AGASSIZ 1857: 414
Emys reticularia — GRAY (fide GRAY 1863: 180)
Deirochelys reticularia GRAY 1870
Chrysemys reticulata BOULENGER 1889
Deirochelys reticularia — ALLEN 1932
Deirochelys reticularia — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 72
Deirochelys reticularia — CROTHER 2000
Deirochelys reticularia — TTWG 2014

Deirochelys reticularia reticularia (LATREILLE 1801)
Deirochelys reticularia reticularia — SCHWARTZ 1956: 476
Deirochelys reticularia reticularia — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 73
Deirochelys reticularia reticularia — CROTHER 2000
Deirochelys reticularia reticularia — RHODIN et al. 2010

Deirochelys reticularia chrysea SCHWARTZ 1956
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea SCHWARTZ 1956: 486
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 25
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 73
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea — CROTHER 2000
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea — OBST 2003: 11
Deirochelys reticularia chrysea — RHODIN et al. 2010

Deirochelys reticularia miaria SCHWARTZ 1956
Deirochelys reticularia miaria SCHWARTZ 1956
Deirochelys reticularia miaria — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 25
Deirochelys reticularia miaria — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 73
Deirochelys reticularia miaria — CROTHER 2000
Deirochelys reticularia miaria — RHODIN et al. 2010 
DistributionUSA (SE Virginia, along the Atlantic coastal Plain in S North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, along the Gulf Coastal Plain in Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, E Texas; Oklahoma, Arkansas, SE Missouri)

chrysea: SE USA (Florida); type locality: 5,8 miles east of Monroe Station, Collier County, Florida.

miaria: SE USA (SE Oklahoma, S/E Arkansas, E New Mexico, E Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Texas); type locality: College Station, Brazos County,Texas.

reticularia: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia); Type locality: vicinity of Charleston, South Carolina (restricted by K.P. SCHMIDT 1953). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: FMNH 37478
Holotype: FMNH 37478. Paratypes: AMNH 36726; BCBC 225, 3044–46, 4690, 4694; CHM 55.39.3; CM 5443–45; FMNH 37482, 46282–83, 52995–96; KU 3145; SMBU 0085, 157, 160, 6684; TCWC 326, 691, 4679, 4680, 7278; TNHC 6035, 7325, 8905–07; UIMNH 2397, 28503, 31696 [miaria]
Holotype: UMMZ [chrysea] 
CommentType species: Testudo reticularia LATREILLE 1801: 124 is the type species of the genus Deirochelys AGASSIZ 1857: 441. 
References
  • Agassiz, Louis 1857. Contributions to the Natural History of the United States of America. vol. 1. Little, Brown & Co., Boston, lii + 452 pp.
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Buhlmann, Kurt A.; Justin D. Congdon, J. Whitfield Gibbons, and Judith L. Greene 2009. Ecology of Chicken Turtles (Deirochelys reticularia) in a Seasonal Wetland Ecosystem: Exploiting Resource and Refuge Environments. Herpetologica 65 (1): 39-53 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dinkelacker, Stephen A. and Nathanael L. Hilzinger 2014. Demographic and Reproductive Traits of Western Chicken Turtles, Deirochelys reticularia miaria, in Central Arkansas. Journal of Herpetology Dec 2014, Vol. 48, No. 4: 439-444. - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gibbons, J. W. 1969. Ecology and population dynamics of the chicken turtle, Deirochelys reticularia. Copeia 1969 (4): 669-676 - get paper here
  • Gibbons, J. W.;Greene, J. L. 1978. Selected aspects of the ecology of the chicken turtle, Deirochelys reticularia (Latreille)(Reptilia, Testudines, Emydidae). Journal of Herpetology 12 (2): 237-241 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1863. Notes on American Emydidae, and Professor Agassiz’s observations on my Catalogue of them. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 12: 176-183 - get paper here
  • Jackson, C. G., Jr. 1974. An unusual pattern of cervical central articulation in Deirochelys reticularia. Copeia 1974 (3): 788 - get paper here
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Latreille, P.A. 1802. In: C.N.S. Sonnini de Manoncourt and P.A. Latreille. Histoire Naturelle des Reptiles, avec Figures Déssinnées d'après Nature. Vol. 1. Détérville, Paris, xx + 280 p. [1802] - get paper here
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #9. Diamondback, Painted, and Chicken Turtles of North America. Reptilia (GB) (29): 64-69 - get paper here
  • McKnight, Donald T. and Day B. Ligon. 2014. Shell and pattern abnormalities in a population of western chicken turtles (Deirochelys reticularia miaria). Herpetology Notes 7: 89-91 - get paper here
  • McKnight, Donald T., Joshua R. Harmon, Jennifer L. McKnight and Day B. Ligon. 2015. The Spring–Summer Nesting and Activity Patterns of the Western Chicken Turtle (Deirochelys reticularia miaria). Copeia 103 (4): 1043-1047
  • McKnight, Donald T.; Anne C. Jones, and Day B. Ligon 2015. The Omnivorous Diet of the Western Chicken Turtle (Deirochelys reticularia miaria). Copeia 2015 (2): 322-328. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Mitchell, Joseph C. and Gerald R. Johnston. 2014. Deirochelys reticularia chrysea (Florida chicken turtle) kyphoscoliosis. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 312
  • Murphy, Chris M.; Tracey D. Tuberville, John C. Maerz, and Kimberly M. Andrews 2015. Evaporative Water Loss Rates of Four Species of Aquatic Turtles from the Coastal Plain of the Southeastern United States Journal of Herpetology Sep 2016, Vol. 50, No. 3: 457-463. - get paper here
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Sartor, Kellin and Renn Tumlison. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Deirochelys reticularia (Chicken Turtle). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 252
  • Say, T. 1824. On the fresh water and land Tortoises of the United States. J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 4 (2): 203-219 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, Albert 1956. Geographic variation in the chicken turtle Deirochelys reticularia Latreille. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 34 (41): 461-503
  • Soehren, Eric C. 2014. Geographical Distribution: Deirochelys reticularia (chicken turtle). Herpetological Review 45 (4): 656
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Zug, George R.;Schwartz, Albert 1971. Deirochelys, D. reticularia. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (107): 1-3 - get paper here
 
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