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Demansia calodera STORR, 1978

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBlack-necked Whipsnake 
SynonymDemansia olivacea calodera STORR 1978
Demansia calodera — WILSON & KNOWLES 1988
Demansia calodera — WELCH 1994: 53
Demansia olivacea calodera — COGGER 2000: 640
Demansia calodera — SHEA & SCANLON 2007
Demansia calodera — WALLACH et al. 2014: 213 
DistributionS Papua New Guinea; W Australia from northwest Cape south to Tamala [fide WELCH 1994]; Australia (coast and hinterland of West Australia from North West Cape to Shark Bay region [fide COGGER 2000]).

Type locality: Tamala, 26° 42'S, 113'42'E, W. A. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: WAM R54992 
CommentDiagnosis. A small Demansia (SVL up to 517 mm) with a dark, pale-edged collar, the pale edges undulating and themselves edged in black, moderately narrow pale postocular bar separating dark teardrop from head dorsum, and a pale venter lacking dark markings on anterior ventrals.



Venomous! 
EtymologyThe name is derived from the Greek calos = beautiful and deire = neck), alluding to the strong neck pattern (Storr et al., 1986). 
References
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Shea, G.M. & Scanlon 2007. Revision of the small tropical whipsnakes previously referred to Demansia olivacea (Gray, 1842) and Demansia torquata (Guenther, 1862) (Squamata: Elapidae). Rec. Austral. Mus. 59 (2-3): 117-142 - get paper here
  • Storr G M 1978. Whip snakes (Demansia, Elapidae) of Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 6 (3): 287-301 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Wilson, Stephen K. & Knowles, David G. 1988. Australia's Reptiles: A Photographic Reference to the Terrestrial Reptiles of Australia. Cornstalk Publishing, Pymble, NSW, 447 pp.
 
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