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Demansia vestigiata (DE VIS, 1884)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBlack whip snake 
SynonymHoplocephalus vestigiatus DE VIS 1884
Diemenia atra MACLEAY 1884: 549
Demansia superba BOULENGER 1896
Diemenia maculiceps BOETTGER 1898 (fide COGGER 1983)
Demansia atra COGGER 1975
Demansia vestigiata HUTCHINSON 1990
Demansia atra — WELCH 1994: 53
Demansia vestigiata — WELCH 1994: 53
Demansia atra — SHINE 1994
Demansia atra — COGGER 2000: 639
Demansia vestigiata — SHEA & SCANLON 2007
Demansia vestigiata — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionS Papua New Guinea,
Australia (Northern Territory, N Queensland, Western Australia)

Type locality: Ingham, Queensland, Australia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: QM J206 [vestigiata]
Syntypes: AM B5941, AM R31920 [atra]
Holotype, SMF 20498 [maculiceps] 
CommentSynonymy: Smith and Wallach proposed to conserve the specific name of Demansia atra (Macleay, 1884, (29 November)). The name is threatened by the synonym Hoplocephalus vestigiatus De Vis, 1884 (13 September) which was published two months earlier but remained unused until 1990.

Distribution: D. papuensis is now believed to be confined to Australia, despite its name, and D.atra in NG is now known as D. vestigata (Mark O’Shea and John Pilgrim, pers. comm.; SHEA & SCANLON 2007).

Venomous! 
EtymologyEtymology: Named after its color, Latin “ater, atra, atrum” = dark or black. 
References
  • Boettger, O. 1898. Katalog der Reptilien-Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt/M. 2.Teil (Schlangen) Frankfurt/M (Gebr. Knauer), i-ix + 1-160. - get paper here
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • De Vis, C. W. 1884. Descriptions of a new snake with a synopsis of the genus Hoplocephalus. Proc. R. Soc. Qd. 1: 138-140
  • De Vis, CW. 1884. On a new Species of Hoplocephalus. Proc. R. Soc. Qd. 1: 100
  • Fearn, S.; D. F. Trembath 2009. Body size, food habits, reproduction and growth in a population of black whip snakes (Demansia vestigiata) (Serpentes : Elapidae) in tropical Australia. Australian Journal of Zoology 57(1): 49–54 - get paper here
  • ICZN 1999. OPINION 1940. Hoplocephalus vestigiatus De Vis, 1884 (Reptilia, Serpentes): specific name placed on the Official List. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 56 (3) - get paper here
  • Macleay, W. 1884. Census of Australian snakes with descriptions of two new species. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 9: 548-568 - get paper here
  • Shea, G.M. & Scanlon 2007. Revision of the small tropical whipsnakes previously referred to Demansia olivacea (Gray, 1842) and Demansia torquata (Guenther, 1862) (Squamata: Elapidae). Rec. Austral. Mus. 59 (2-3): 117-142
  • Shine, Richard 1994. Sexual size dimorphism in snakes revisited. Copeia 1994 (2): 326-346 - get paper here
  • Smith H M. Wallach V. 1997. Diemenia atra Macleay, 1884 (currently Demansia atra; Reptilia, Serpentes): Proposed conservation of the specific name. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 54, (1): 31-34. - get paper here
  • Somaweera, R. 2009. Snakes of Darwin. Poster, University of Sydney
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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