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Dendrelaphis girii VOGEL & VAN ROOIJEN, 2011

IUCN Red List - Dendrelaphis girii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Ahaetuliinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Giri’s bronzeback 
SynonymDendrelaphis girii VOGEL & VAN ROOIJEN 2011
Dendrophis bifrenalis — FERGUSON, 1895
Dendrophis bifrenalis — WALL 1921
Ahaetulla bifrenalis — SMITH 1943
Dendrelaphis pictus bifrenalis — MEISE & HENNING, 1932
Dendrelaphis pictus bifrenalis — MERTENS 1934
Dendrelaphis bifrenalis — MAHENDRA, 1984
Dendrelaphis bifrenalis — DE SILVA 1980
Dendrelaphis bifrenalis — SHARMA 2007
Dendrelaphis bifrenalis — WELCH 1988
Dendrelaphis girii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 217
Dendrelaphis girii — AENGALS et al. 2022 
DistributionIndia (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala)

Type locality: Castle Rock, District Belgaum, Karnataka, India.  
TypesHolotype: BNHS = BNHM 3494: adult male 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A species of Dendrelaphis characterized by the combination of: 1) two loreal scales on each side of the head; 2) 15 dorsal scale rows at midbody; 3) enlarged vertebral scales; 4) 166-173 ventrals; 5) 140-147 subcaudals; 6) 8-9 supralabials, 2 supralabials border the eye; 7) 6-8 temporal scales; 8) a long sublabial that touches 2-5 infralabials; 9) 1-3 gular rows; 10) a divided anal shield; 11) relative tail-length 0.36-0.37; 12) a black postocular stripe that covers less than a quarter of the temporal region and that barely extends onto the neck; 13) an absent or rudimentarily present pale ventrolateral line. 
CommentSynonymy after VOGEL & VAN ROOIJEN 2011.

Behavior: diurnal

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Varad Giri, the curator of the herpetological collection of the Bombay Natural History Society. He contributed enormously to the knowledge of the Indian reptiles by his own research and by making the BNHS collection easily available for all kind of researchers. 
  • Aengals, R.; S.R. Ganesh, P.G.S. Sethy, J. Samson Kirubakaran, M. Ahamed Jerith, M. Satheeshkumar, A. Thanigaivel & Gernot Vogel 2022. FIRST CONFIRMED DISTRIBUTION RECORDS OF Dendrelaphis bifrenalis (BOULENGER, 1890) (REPTILIA: COLUBRIDAE) IN INDIA, WITH A REVISED KEY TO THE SOUTHERN INDIAN FORMS. Taprobanica 11 (1): 25-32
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • CHANDRAMOULI, S.R. & S.R. GANESH 2012. Neue Nachweise von Bronzenattern (Serpentes: Colubridae: Dendrelaphis) aus den zentralen Western Ghats Indiens und ein überarbeiteter Schlüssel zu den südindischen Formen. Sauria 34 (2): 59-62 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S. R.; M. Arumugam 2016. Species Richness of Montane Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India: A Historical Resume and a Descriptive Checklist. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (1): 7-24 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; S. Bhupathy, P. Karthik, G. Babu Rao & S. Babu 2020. Catalogue of herpetological specimens from peninsular India at the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History (SACON), India. JoTT 12 (9): 16123–16135 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Vogel, Gernot & Johan van Rooijen 2011. A NEW SPECIES OF Dendrelaphis (SERPENTES: COLUBRIDAE) FROM THE WESTERN GHATS - INDIA. Taprobanica 3 (2): 77-85. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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