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Dendrelaphis tristis (DAUDIN, 1803)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Daudin's Bronzeback, Common Bronzeback Tree Snake
G: Baum-Bronzenatter 
SynonymColuber tristis DAUDIN 1803: 430
Dipsas schokari KUHL 1820 (part.)
Leptophis mancas BELL 1825 (fide SMITH 1943)
Dendrophis maniar BOIE 1827 (fide SMITH 1943)
Dendrophis scandens BOIE 1827
Chrysopelea Boieii SMITH 1837: 144
Chrysopelea boiei SMITH 1836 (fide SMITH 1943)
Dendrophis boii CANTOR 1839
Dendrophis pictus — BOULENGER 1890 (part.; fide SMITH 1943)
Dendrophis helena WERNER 1893 (fide SMITH 1943)
Dendrelaphis tristis — BOULENGER 1894: 88
Dendrolaphis tristis — LUARD 1918
Dendrelaphis tristis — WALL 1921: 221
Dendrelaphis tristis — MCDOWELL & JENNER 1988
Dendrelaphis tristis — DAS 1996: 56
Dendrelaphis tristis — ROOIJEN & VOGEL 2008 
DistributionSri Lanka, India (incl. Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra (Ghoshalkhamb-near Lonavla) [A. Captain, pers. comm.], Gujarat), Pakistan (Islamabad), Nepal, Myanmar

Type locality: Hyderabad, Bombay, and Tranquebar, India. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: Russell 1796, plate 31; 1801: plates 25 and 26. 
CommentDistribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). Not in Pakistan fide KHAN 2002 (pers. comm.).

Synonymy partly fide ROOIJEN & VOGEL 2008. Dendrophis chairecaeos BOIE 1827 has been revalidated by ROOIJEN & VOGEL 2009.

Behavior: diurnal

Habitat: arboreal

Reproduction: oviparous. 
References
  • Baier, F. 2005. Herpetologische Reiseeindrücke aus Sri Lanka. Elaphe 13 (4): 59-64
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. & Bauer, Aaron M. 2005. The herpetological contributions of Sir Andrew Smith. SSAR, 80 pp.
  • CHANDRAMOULI, S.R. & S.R. GANESH 2012. Neue Nachweise von Bronzenattern (Serpentes: Colubridae: Dendrelaphis) aus den zentralen Western Ghats Indiens und ein überarbeiteter Schlüssel zu den südindischen Formen. Sauria 34 (2): 59-62 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & De Silva, A. 2005. Photographic guide to snakes and other reptiles of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers, 144 pp.
  • Daudin, F. M. 1803. Histoire Naturelle Generale et Particuliere des Reptiles. Vol. 6. F. Dufart, Paris.
  • de Silva, A. 1998. Snakes of Sri Lanka: a checklist and an annotated bibliography. Dept. Wildlife Conservation/GEF/UNDP/FAO, Colombo.
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Sri Lankas Schlangenfauna. Draco 7 (30): 56-64 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (02): 69-76
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Kramer, E. 1977. Zur Schlangenfauna Nepals. Rev. suisse Zool., 84 (3): 721-761. - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karslruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karslruhe, 124 pp.
  • Luard, C.E. 1918. The Bronze-backed Tree Snake (Dendrolaphis tristis) in Central India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 25: 306 - get paper here
  • Masroor, R. 2011. The Common Bronzeback Tree Snake, Dendrelaphis tristis (Daudin, 1803): An Addition to the Herpetofauna of Pakistan. Pakistan J. Zool. 43 (6): 1215-1218 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Rooijen, J. van & Vogel, G. 2008. An investigation into the taxonomy of Dendrelaphis tristis (Daudin, 1803): revalidation of Dipsas schokari (Kuhl, 1820) (Serpentes, Colubridae). Contributions to Zoology, 77 (1) 33-43 (2008)
  • Russell 1801. A continuation of an account of Indian serpents: containing descriptions and figures from specimens and drawings, transmitted from various parts of India to the hon. Court of Directors of the East Indian Company. Volume 2. London, W. Bulmer and Co., 53 pp. [1801-1810]
  • Russell,P. 1796. An account of Indian serpents collected on the coast of Coromandel, containing descriptions and drawings of each species, together with experiments and remarks on their several poisons. George Nicol, London, 90 pp.
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Smith,A. 1837. The characters of two new genera of South African reptiles with descriptions of species belonging to each. Mag. Zool. Bot. (Jardine), Edinburgh-London-Dublin, 1 (2): 141-145 [1836]
  • Thakur, Sanjay 2011. A note on snakes of Kanha National Park and surrounding areas. Reptile Rap (11): 2-4 - get paper here
  • Tsetan, Chime & R. Ramanibai 2011. Reptilian fauna of agricultural landscapes of Chembarambakkam Lake, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Reptile Rap (13): 2-8 - get paper here
  • VYAS, R., D. PARMAR & M.N. THAKUR 2013. Anmerkung zur Fortpflanzung von Dendrelaphis tristis (DAUDIN, 1803). Sauria 35 (1): 51-53 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Herptofauna of Puma Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (8): 10-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2011. Reptilian diversity in and around the Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (11): 5-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2013. Snake diversity and voluntary rescue practice in the cities of Gujarat State, India: an evaluation. Reptile Rap (15): 27-39 - get paper here
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages
  • Wall. F. 1921. Remarks on the lndian species of Dendrophis and Dendrelaphis. Records of the Indian Museum 22: 151 - 162 - get paper here
  • Werner, Franz 1893. Herpetologische Nova (1). Zool. Anz. 16 (414): 81-84 - get paper here
  • Whitaker, Romulus<br />and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp. - get paper here
 
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