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Denisonia maculata (STEINDACHNER, 1867)

IUCN Red List - Denisonia maculata - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Ornamental Snake 
SynonymHoplocephalus maculatus STEINDACHNER 1867: 81
Denisonia ornata KREFFT 1869: 82
Hoplocephalus Muelleri FISCHER 1885: 109
Denisonia maculata — COGGER 1983: 223
Denisonia maculata — WELCH 1994: 55
Denisonia maculata — COGGER 2000: 644
Denisonia maculata — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Denisonia maculata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 226 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: N. S. W., subsequent restriction to Rockhampton, Qld. proposed by Mackay (1956).  
TypesSyntypes: NMW = NHMW, unnumbered (2 specimens) listed by Cogger et al. (1983), but Tiedemann & Häupl (1980) and Tiedemann et al. (1994) did not list any such specimens in the NMW collection. Consequently, a lectotype designation by Wells & Wellington (1985) of the larger of the two specimens is invalid.
Holotype: AM 6697, from near Rockhampton, Qld. [Denisonia ornata]
Holotype: SMNS 2377 (=10821), from Qld. [Hoplocephalus muelleri] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): see Hutchinson 1990: 400 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983.


Type species: Hoplocephalus maculatus STEINDACHNER 1867: 81 is the type species of the genus Denisonia KREFFT 1869. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Covacevich J.A., Couper, P.J., McDonald, K.R. 1998. Reptile diversity at risk in the Brigalow Belt, Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 42 (2): 475-486 - get paper here
  • Fischer, J. G. 1885. Ichthyologische und herpetologische Bemerkungen. V. Herpetologische Bemerkungen. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 2: 82-121 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Hutchinson M N 1990. The generic classification of the Australian terrestrial elapid snakes. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 29 (3): 397-405 - get paper here
  • Krefft, G. 1869. The Snakes of Australia; an Illustrated and Descriptive Catalogue of All the Known Species. Sydney, Govt. Printer xxv + 100 pp. - get paper here
  • Mackay, R. D. 1956. The status of Denisonia maculata Steindachner and related species. (Ophidia: Elapidae). Proc. R. Zool. Soc. N. S. W 1954-55: 29-33
  • Schlüter, A. & Hallermann, J. 1997. The Type Specimens in the Herpetological Collection of the Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk. Ser. A (553): 1-15 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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