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Diplodactylus vittatus GRAY, 1832

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Higher TaxaDiplodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Eastern Stone Gecko, Wood Gecko, Stone Gecko 
SynonymDiplodactylus vittatus GRAY 1832: 40
Diplodactylus ornatus GRAY 1844 (fide LOVERIDGE 1934)
Diplodactylus furcosus PETERS 1863: 229 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Phyllodactylus Lesueurii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836 (partim)
Phyllodactylus vittatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 400
Phyllodactylus Vittatus — DUMÉRIL in DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1851
Phyllodactylus vittatus — DUMÉRIL 1856
Diplodactylus polyophthalmus GÜNTHER 1867: 49 (fide LOVERIDGE 1934)
Diplodactylus vittatus — BOULENGER 1885: 100
Diplodactylus vittatus — LUCAS & FROST 1894
Phyllodactylus barbouri ANGEL 1936 (fide KLUGE 1965)
Diplodactylus vittatus — WERMUTH 1965: 27
Diplodactylus vittatus (cf) furcosus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1989
Diplodactylus vittatus — KLUGE 1993
Diplodactylus vittatus — COGGER 2000: 232
Diplodactylus vittatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria)

Type locality: Australia (‘Nova Hollandia’)  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.9.7.43 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): A genus of the Diplodactylidae (sensu Han et al. 2004) distinguished from all but Lucasium and Rhynchoedura by having both lateral and medial pairs of cloacal bones present. Distinguished from Lucasium and Rhynchoedura by the anteriorly enlarged jugal bone that enters the floor of the lacrimal foramen, by having relatively high numbers of preanal spinose scales (generally > 5), absence of preanal pores and shorter, stouter proportions of the body and tail (fourth toe on hind foot approximately four times as long as wide, tail generally swollen and less than 80% of SVL) (Oliver et al. 2007a). The genetic data of Oliver et al. (2007b) clearly places D. savagei within Diplodactylus [from DOUGHTY et al. 2010].

Diagnosis. A relatively short-tailed member of the D. vittatus complex, with a relatively narrow, zigzag to straight-edged dorsal stripe extending on to the head as a pale cap with a weak darker central triangle. Spotting on flanks absent to moderate; when present, spots are small and without darkly pigmented margins. 
CommentGroup: Diplodactylus vittatus group.

Type Species: Diplodactylus vittatus GRAY 1832 is the type species of the genus Diplodactylus GRAY 1832.

Type genus: Diplodactylus is the type genus of the family Diplodactylidae.

Phylogenetics: see Skipwith et al. 2019 for a phylogenetic tree of the family.

Habitat. Found in a variety of semiarid to dry temperate habitats, from sandy mallee in the south to rocky hill slopes in tall open forest in the Great Dividing range. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Bustard, H.R. 1965. Observations on Australian geckos Herpetologica 21 (4): 294-302. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Eijsden, E.H.T. van 1980. Kalkstofwisseling en lithophagie bij terrariumdieren. Lacerta 38 (3): 22-26 - get paper here
  • Glauert, L. 1956. Geckonidae (Part II). Western Australian Naturalist 5 (3): 49-56 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1832. Three new animals brought from New Holland by Mr Cunningham. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1832: 39-40
  • Günther, A. 1867. Additions to the knowledge of Australian reptiles and fishes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 20: 45-57 - get paper here
  • Han, D., Zhou, K. & Bauer, A.M. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships among gekkotan lizards inferred from C-mos nuclear DNA sequences and a new classification of the Gekkota. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society, 83: 353–368 - get paper here
  • HUTCHINSON, MARK N.; PAUL DOUGHTY & PAUL M. OLIVER 2009. Taxonomic revision of the stone geckos (Squamata: Diplodactylidae: Diplodactylus) of southern Australia. Zootaxa 2167: 25-46 - get paper here
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1929. Herpetological notes 1. Rec. Austral. Mus. 17 (2): 76-84 - get paper here
  • Kluge, A.G. 1965. The systematic status of certain Australian lizards of the family Gekkonidae. Australian Zoologist 13 (2): 121-125
  • Laube, A. & Langner, C. 2007. Die “Geckos” Australiens. Draco 8 (29): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Lucas, A. H. S. & Frost, C. 1894. The lizards indigenous to Victoria. Proc. R. Soc. Vict. (ns) 6: 24-92 - get paper here
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer; M. Crane; C. MacGregor; R. Montague-Drake; L. McBurney. 2011. Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, southeastern Australia. Check List 7 (1):25-29 - get paper here
  • Oliver, Paul M.; Hutchinson, Mark N.; Cooper, Steven J.B. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships in the lizard genus Diplodactylus Gray and resurrection of Lucasium Wermuth (Gekkota, Diplodactylidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 55( 3):197-210 - get paper here
  • Oliver, Paul; Andrew Hugall, Mark Adams, Steven J.B. Cooper and Mark Hutchinson 2007. Genetic elucidation of cryptic and ancient diversity in a group of Australian diplodactyline geckos: The Diplodactylus vittatus complex. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44 (1): 77-88 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1863. Eine Übersicht der von Hrn. Richard Schomburgk an das zoologische Museum eingesandten Amphibien, aus Buchsfelde bei Adelaide in Südaustralien. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1863 (April): 228-236 - get paper here
  • Skipwith, P.L., Bi, K., Oliver, P.M. 2019. Relicts and radiations: Phylogenomics of an Australasian lizard clade with east Gondwanan origins (Gekkota: Diplodactyloidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (2019), doi: - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • VANDERDUYS, ERIC; CONRAD J. HOSKIN, ALEX S. KUTT, JUSTIN M. WRIGHT, STEPHEN M. ZOZAYA 2020. Beauty in the eye of the beholder: a new species of gecko (Diplodactylidae: Lucasium) from inland north Queensland, Australia. Zootaxa 4877 (2): 291–310 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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