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Diporiphora phaeospinosa EDWARDS & MELVILLE, 2011

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymDiporiphora phaeospinosa EDWARDS & MELVILLE 2011
Diporiphora phaeospinosa — CHAPPLE et al. 2019: 79 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: Bauhinia Station, QLD (25.17°S, 149.20°E  
Reproductionoviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: NMV (given as MVD) 74128.
Paratypes QM J32596, Male, Blackdown Tablelands (23.80uS, 149.13uE); QM J33335, QM J33336, QMJ34296, Black- down Tablelands (23.80uS, 149.07uE); AMR151843, AMR 151844, Blackdown Tablelands (23.76uS, 149.10uE); MVD 74129 Bauhinia, Station (25.19uS, 149.16uE); QMJ36891, Glenhaughton Station (25.23uS, 148.95uE). Females: QMJ34294, QMJ34295, QMJ36890, Blackdown Tablelands (23.80uS, 149.13uE); QMJ50807, Black- down Tablelands (23.80uS, 149.10uE); AMR151842, Blackdown Tablelands (23.79uS, 149.09uE); AMR151845, Blackdown Table- lands (23.76uS, 149.10uE); QMJ36892, Reklau Park (23.33uS, 147.50uE); QMJ38591, Glenhaughton Station (25.14uS, 148.57uE). Juveniles: QMJ28495, Blackdown Tableland (23.80uS, 149.13uE); QMJ30267, QMJ38560, QMJ38590, Robinson Gorge (25.28uS, 149.15uE); QMJ38589, Glenhaughton Station (25.23uS, 148.95uE). [replace u by °]. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Diporiphora phaeospinosa is similar in body size and proportion to D. nobbi; in fact, the two species cannot be distinguished using any single morphometric trait measured. The main feature distinguishing the two species is the higher number of femoral and preanal pores and nuchal spines in D. phaeospinosa in comparison with D. nobbi. The PCA (Fig. 4) also identified high numbers of scapular spines, auricular spines, and dark throat coloration in males as significant factors in distinguishing the species. Another distinguishing feature is the presence of enlarged dorso-lateral scales, a feature that is also present in juveniles and adults and that may assist in identifying immature individuals. Both D. nobbi and D. phaeospinosa lack femoral pores, distinguishing them from their sympatrically distributed sister lineage, the D. australis/bilineata species group, which has femoral pores (Witten, 1972) [from EDWARDS & MELVILLE 2011]. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet phaeospinosa is a composite from the Latin root terms phaeo (dark) and spinos (spiny) describing the main distinguishing morphological features of this species. 
  • Chapple, David G.; Reid Tingley, Nicola J. Mitchell, Stewart L. Macdonald, J. Scott Keogh, Glenn M. Shea, Philip Bowles, Neil A. Cox, John C. Z. Woinarski 2019. The Action Plan for Australian Lizards and Snakes 2017. CSIRO, 663 pp. DOI: 10.1071/9781486309474 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Edwards, Danielle L. and Jane Melville 2011. Extensive Phylogeographic and Morphological Diversity in Diporiphora nobbi (Agamidae) Leads to a Taxonomic Review and a New Species Description. Journal of Herpetology 45 (4): 530-546; - get paper here
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