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Dipsas bucephala (SHAW, 1802)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesNeotropical Snail-eater 
SynonymColuber bucephalus SHAW 1802: 422
Bungarus bucephalus — OPPEL 1810: 392
Dipsadomorus [sic] indicus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 470 (part.)
Leptognathus indicus GÜNTHER 1858
Dipsas indica — BOULENGER 1896 (part.)
Dipsas indica bucephala — PETERS 1960: 73
Dipsas indica bucephala — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 87
Dipsas indica bucephala — CEI 1993
Dipsas bucephala — HARVEY & EMBERT 2009
Dipsas bucephala — WALLACH et al. 2014: 231
Dipsas bucephala — CACCIALI et al. 2016: 184 
DistributionE/C Brazil (Mato Grosso), E Paraguay, Argentina (Misiones) (Peters, 1960; Giraudo, 2002).

Type locality: originally given as “Ceylon” restricted to Brazil by PETERS 1960.  
TypesHolotype: Unknown, described on the basis of Seba's figure of species (1734, P1. 43, Fig. 4). 
CommentSubspecies: Dipsas bucephala cisticeps (BOETTGER 1885) is now considered a valid species. 
  • Atkinson, Karina; Paul Smith, Joseph Sarvary, Alexander Matthews 2017. New and noteworthy snake species records (Colubridae and Dipsadidae) for the Reserva Natural Laguna Blanca, eastern Paraguay Check List 13 (1): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Bocourt, M. F. 1883. In A. Duméril, M. F. Bocourt, and F. Mocquard, (1870-1909), Etudes sur les reptiles, p. i-xiv, 1-1012. In Recherches Zoologiques pour servir a l'Histoire de Ia Faune de l'Amérique Centrale et du Mexique. Mission Scientifique au Mexique et dans l'Amér Imprimerie Impériale, Paris - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1885. Liste von Reptilien und Batrachiern aus Paraguay. Zeitschr. Naturw. 58 (3): 213-248 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Harvey, Michael B. 2008. New and Poorly Known Dipsas (Serpentes: Colubridae) from Northern South America. Herpetologica 64 (4): 422-451 - get paper here
  • Harvey, Michael B. and Dirk Embert 2009. Review of Bolivian Dipsas (Serpentes: Colubridae), with Comments on Other South American Species. Herpetological Monographs 22 (1): 54-105 - get paper here
  • Oppel, M. 1810. Memoire sur la classification des reptiles. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 16: 376-393 - get paper here
  • Peters , J. A. 1960. The snakes of the subfamily Dipsadinae. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan (114): 224 pp. - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Shaw, G. 1802. General Zoology, or Systematic Natural History. Vol.3, part 2. G. Kearsley, Thomas Davison, London: 313-615 - get paper here
  • Silva, M.C. da, R.H. de Oliveira, D.H. Morais, R.A. Kawashita-Ribeiro, E.S. de Brito & R.W. Ávila 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of a Cerrado area in Primavera do Leste Municipality, Mato Grosso State, Central Brazil. Salamandra 51 (2): 187-194 - get paper here
  • Torello-Viera, Natália F., Daniela P. Araújo, and Henrique B. Braz 2012. Annual and Daily Activity Patterns of the Snail-Eating Snake Dipsas bucephala (Serpentes, Dipsadidae) in Southeastern Brazil. South American J. Herp. 7 (3): 252-258. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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