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Dipsas sazimai FERNANDES, MARQUES & ARGÔLO, 2010

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesPortuguese: Come-Lesma, Dormideira 
SynonymDipsas sazimai FERNANDES, MARQUES & ARGÔLO 2010
Dipsas sazimai — WALLACH et al. 2014: 234
Dipsas sazimai — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (atlantic forest in Espiritó Santo, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, Alagoas, Sergipe ?, NE São Paulo, Pernambuco)

Type locality: Brazil, state of Rio de Janeiro, municipality of Casimiro de Abreu (22° 28’S, 42° 12’W, ca. 80 m elevation).  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MNRJ 15136, adult male, collected by C. C. Siqueira and W. C. Kiefer on 30 October 2005. Paratypes: (n=9) MZUESC 8199, young female, Brazil, state of Alagoas, Fazenda Bananeira, municipality of Murici (09º 18’S, 35º 57’W, ca. 550 m), collected by Marco A. Freitas, February–March 2010; MZUFBA 1800, adult male, Brazil, state of Bahia, Parque Estadual das Sete Passagens, municipality of Miguel Calmon (11º 26’S, 40º 36’W, ca. 530 m), no collector data, February 2006; MZUESC 6134, adult male, Brazil, state of Bahia, Sítio de Maria das Neves, municipality of Camacan (15º 23’S, 39º 33’W, ca. 450 m), collected by Maria das Neves, January–June 2007; MZUESC 7848, adult female, Brazil, state of Bahia, Serra Bonita, municipality of Camacan (15º 23’S, 39º 33’W, ca. 700 m), collected by Iuri Dias, 16 November 2009; MZUESC 8466, adult male, Brazil, Bahia State, Serra Bonita, municipality of Camacan (15º 23’S, 39º 33’W, ca. 400 m), collected by Iuri Dias, 05 June 2010; MZUESC 7988, adult male, Brazil, state of Bahia, municipality of Jequié (13º 57’S, 39º 59’W, ca. 650 m), collected by Juliana Rodrigues, 05 January 2010; MNRJ 19275, adult female, Brazil, state of Espírito Santo, Estação Biológica Santa Lúcia, municipality of Santa Teresa (19º 56’S, 40º 36’W, ca. 650 m), collected by A. Giupponi, T. Souza, and M. Milleri, 11–12 May 2005; IBSP 77835, adult female, Brazil, state of Espírito Santo, Fazenda Bandarra, municipality of Mimoso do Sul (21º 04’S, 41º 22’W, ca. 270 m), collected by J. L. Gasparini, 16 December 2007; IBSP 69143, adult male, Brazil, state of São Paulo, Picinguaba, municipality of Ubatuba (23º 23’S, 44º 50’W, ca. 40 m), collected by P. A. Hartmann, 01 March 2004 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Distinguished from all congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) 15- 15-15 dorsals; (2) temporals not entering orbit; (3) loreal enters orbit; (4) prefrontals generally enter orbit; (5) one pair of infralabials in contact behind symphysial; (6) infralabials contact second pair of chinshields; (7) 187–209 ventral scales in males, 193–202 in females; (8) 107–129 subcaudal scales in males, 107–116 in females; (9) 17–21 maxillary teeth; (10) anterior portion of body with rounded dorsal blotches generally wider than interblotches; (11) median and mostly posterior portion of body with blotches higher than long and narrower than interblotches; (12) posterior body blotches lighter than anterior blotches; (13) posterior blotches with conspicuous white edge in paraventral region; (14) tiny and vertically oriented streaks in the interblotches from the posterior half of body; (15) labial scales not heavily pigmented; (16) head mostly immaculate; (17) the first blotch not reaching the rictus [from FERNANDES et al. 2010]. 
CommentDistribution: see map in FERNANDES et al. 2010. See map in Nogueira et al. 2019.

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet honors Ivan Sazima for his relevant contributions to herpetology in Brazil and his immense contributions to the knowledge of the Brazilian vertebrate fauna. 
  • ANDRADE LIMA, J.H., DIAS, E.G., COSTA, R.D.L., SILVA, F.J., LIMA, E.S.M., SANTOS, E.M., KOKUBUM, M.N.C. 2021. Lizards and snakes of Refúgio de Vida Silvestre Matas do Siriji, an Atlantic Forest hotspot of the Pernambuco Endemism Center, Northeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica 21 (2): e20201106 - get paper here
  • Cozer, J. S., Pereira-Ribeiro, J., Linause, T. M., Ferreguetti, A. C., de Godoy Bergallo, H., & da Rocha, C. F. D. 2020. Reptile diversity in the Duas Bocas Biological Reserve, Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 60: e20206040 - get paper here
  • Dubeux, M. J. M., Araújo Neto, J. V. D., Triburcio, I. C. S., Lisboa, B. S., Torquato, S., Freitas, M. A. D., ... & Mott, T. 2022. A “hotspot” within a hotspot: the reptiles of the Estação Ecológica and Área de Proteção Ambiental de Murici, Atlantic Forest of northeastern Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 22: 1-14 - get paper here
  • FERNANDES, DANIEL S.; OTAVIO A. V. MARQUES & ANTÔNIO J. S. ARGÔLO 2010. A new species of Dipsas Laurenti from the Atlantic Forest of Brazil (Serpentes: Dipsadidae). Zootaxa 2691: 57–66 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Elbano Paschoal de Figueiredo Moraes 2018. Herpetofauna from Serra da Jibóia, an Atlantic Rainforest remnant in the state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 59-72 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de; Arthur Diesel Abegg, Thais Figueiredo Santos Silva, Patrícia Mendes Fonseca, Breno Hamdan, Thiago Filadelfo 2019. Herpetofauna of Serra do Timbó, an Atlantic Forest remnant in the State of Bahia, Northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 12: 245-260 - get paper here
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • GUEDES, THAÍS B.; CRISTIANO NOGUEIRA & OTAVIO A. V. MARQUES 2014. Diversity, natural history, and geographic distribution of snakes in the Caatinga, Northeastern Brazil. Zootaxa 3863 (1): 001–093 - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Mebert K., Passos P., Fernandes D.S., Entiauspe-Neto O.M., Alvez F.Q., Machado A.S., Lopes R.T. 2020. A new species of snail-eating snake, Dipsas Cope, 1860 (Serpentes: Colubridae: Dipsadinae), from the Atlantic Forest of Brazil. South American Journal of Herpetology 17 (1): 43–62 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Jane C.F.; Rodrigo Castellari Gonzalez; Paulo Passos; Davor Vrcibradic & Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha 2020. Non-Avian Reptiles of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: status of knowledge and commented list. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 60: e20206024 - get paper here
  • Roberto, I.J.; C.R. Oliveira; J.A. Araujo Filho; R.W. Ávila 2014. Dipsas sazimai Fernandes, Marques & Argolo, 2010 (Squamata: Dipsadidae): Distribution extension and new State record. Check List 10 (1):209-210 - get paper here
  • Roberto, Igor Joventino; Cícero Ricardo de Oliveira, João Antonio de Araújo Filho, Herivelto Faustino de Oliveira, Robson Waldemar Ávila 2017. The herpetofauna of the Serra do Urubu mountain range: a key biodiversity area for conservation in the brazilian atlantic forest. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 57 (27): 347-373 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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