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Dipsosaurus dorsalis (BAIRD & GIRARD, 1852)

IUCN Red List - Dipsosaurus dorsalis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesDipsosaurus dorsalis dorsalis (BAIRD & GIRARD 1852)
Dipsosaurus dorsalis lucasensis VAN DENBURGH 1920
Dipsosaurus dorsalis sonoriensis ALLEN 1933 
Common NamesDesert Iguana
dorsalis: Northern Desert Iguana 
SynonymCrotaphytus dorsalis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Dipso-saurus dorsalis - HALLOWELL 1854
Dipsosaurus dorsalis — BOULENGER 1885: 201
Dipsosaurus dorsalis - SMITH & TAYLOR 1950
Dipsosaurus dorsalis — LINER 1994
Dipsosaurus dorsalis carmenensis VAN DENBURGH 1922
Dipsosaurus carmenensis VAN DENBURGH 1922
Dipsosaurus dorsalis carmenensis — SAVAGE & CLIFF 1954
Dipsosaurus dorsalis — STEBBINS 1985: 114
Dipsosaurus dorsalis carmenensis — HULSE 1992

Dipsosaurus dorsalis dorsalis (BAIRD & GIRARD 1852)
Dipsosaurus dorsalis dorsalis - VAN DENBURGH 1920
Dipsosaurus dorsalis dorsalis — HULSE 1992
Dipsosaurus dorsalis dorsalis — CROTHER 2000

Dipsosaurus dorsalis lucasensis VAN DENBURGH 1920
Dipsosaurus dorsalis lucasensis VAN DENBURGH 1920
Dipsosaurus carmenensis VAN DENBURGH 1922
Dipsosaurus carmenensis — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950
Dipsosaurus dorsalis lucasensis — LEVITON & BANTA 1964
Dipsosaurus dorsalis lucasensis - SOULÉ & SLOAN 1966
Dipsosaurus dorsalis lucasensis — HULSE 1992

Dipsosaurus dorsalis sonoriensis ALLEN 1933
Dipsosaurus dorsalis sonoriensis ALLEN 1933: 4
Dipsosaurus dorsalis sonoriensis — TAYLOR 1938: 480
Dipsosaurus dorsalis sonoriensis — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 79
Dipsosaurus dorsalis sonoriensis — HULSE 1992 
DistributionUSA (SE California, S Nevada, W Arizona, SW Utah),
Mexico (Baja California, W Sonora, NW Sinaloa)

Type locality: Desert of Colorado, California. Restricted to Winterhaven = Fort Yuma), Imperial County, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 78.

carmenensis: endemic to Isla Carmen, Gulf of California. Type locality: 'Near PuertoBellandro,CarmenIsland,GulfofCalifornia,Mexico."

lucasensis: Mexico (Baja California); Type locality: San Jose de Cabo, Baja California, Mexico.

sonoriensis: Mexico (Sonora); Type locality: 8.1 km SE Hermosilio. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: USNM 2699
Holotype: CAS 50504 [carmenensis]
Holotype: CAS 46090 [lucasensis]
Holotype: UMMZ 72121 [sonoriensis] 
CommentSubspecies: The separation of D. d. carmenensis is based only on a higher average number of femoral pores (43.1 vs. 37.5); GRISMER (1999) therefore synonymized it with D. dorsalis. GRISMER (1999) elevated catalinensis to full (evolutionary) species status.

Type species: Crotaphytus dorsalis BAIRD & GIRARD 1852 is the type species of the genus Dipsosaurus HALLOWELL 1854. 
References
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  • Lovich, R.E.; Grismer, L.L. & Danemann, G. 2009. CONSERVATION STATUS OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF BAJA CALIFORNIA, MÉXICO AND ASSOCIATED ISLANDS IN THE SEA OF CORTEZ AND PACIFIC OCEAN. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4 (3):358-378 - get paper here
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  • Slevin, Joseph R.;Leviton, Alan E. 1956. Holotype specimens of reptiles and amphibians in the collection of the California Academy of Sciences. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 28 (14): 529-560 - get paper here
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  • Stejneger,L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
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