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Ditaxodon taeniatus (PETERS, 1868)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesHensel's Snake 
SynonymPhilodryas taeniatus PETERS in HENSEL 1868: 331
Philodryas taeniatus — BOULENGER 1886: 435
Conophis taeniatus — BOULENGER 1896:124
Ditaxodon taeniatus HOGE 1958: 54-55
Ditaxodon taeniatus — LEHR 2002: 204
Ditaxodon taeniatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 241 
DistributionS Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná [HR 27: 216], Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo), Peru ?; elevation between 800 and 1000 m in the state of Paraná and about 1800 m in the state of São Paulo.

Type locality: Palmeira (25°20’S, 50°00’W, 860 m), state of Pará, Brazil (neotype; see type information). Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 5980 (fide BOULENGER 1886), considered missing (fide Thomas et al. 2006) but then rediscovered (Bérnils et al. 2008). Neotype IBSP 10545 designated by Thomas et al. (2006) and invalidated by Bérnils et al. (2008) 
CommentMeasurements: 543 mm TL, tail 122 mm; tail/TL 0.225 (neotype).

The original type locality, “Porto Alegre”, is dubious to Bérnils et al. (2006). Not in Peru according to these authors.

Type species: Philodryas taeniatus PETERS in HENSEL 1868: 331 is the type species of the genus Ditaxodon HOGE 1958. 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Hensel,R. 1868. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Wirbelthiere Süd-Brasiliens. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 37 (1): 331 [1867] - get paper here
  • HOGE, A.R. 1958. Die Systematische Stellung von Xenodon punctatus Peters, 1880 und Philodryas taeniatus Hensel, 1868. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 34:49-56
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • RENATO S. BERNILS, CHRISTOPH KUCHARZEWSKI, JULIO CESAR DE MOURA-LEITE & AXEL KWET 2008. Rediscovery of the holotype of Ditaxodon taeniatus (Peters in Hensel, 1868) (Serpentes: Colubridae) and invalidation of the neotype designation. Zootaxa 1764: 66-68 - get paper here
  • Thomas, Robert A., Renato Silveira Bérnils, Julio César de Moura-Leite and Sérgio Augusto Abrahâo Morato 2006. Redescription of Ditaxodon taeniatus (Hensel, 1868) (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae): variation, relationships, and distribution. South American J. Herp. 1 (2): 94-101. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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