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Dolichophis jugularis (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Dolichophis jugularis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesDolichophis jugularis asianus (BOETTGER 1880)
Dolichophis jugularis cypriacus (ZINNER 1972)
Dolichophis jugularis jugularis (LINNAEUS 1758) 
Common NamesE: Large Whip Snake
G: Pfeilnatter, Jochnatter 
SynonymColuber jugularis LINNAEUS 1758: 225
Zamenis viridiflavus var. asiana BOETTGER 1880
Zamenis gemonensis var. asianus — BOULENGER 1920
Coluber jugularis asianus — MÜLLER & WETTSTEIN 1933
Coluber jugularis — KAHL et al. 1980: 232
Coluber jugularis — SCHÄTTI & WILSON 1986
Hierophis jugularis — SCHÄTTI 1988
Haemorrhois jugularis — WELCH
Hierophis jugularis — NAGY et al. 2004
Hierophis jugularis — KUMLUTAS et al. 2004
Dolichophis jugularis — NAGY et al. 2004
Coluber jugularis — THIEME 2005
Coluber (s.l.) jugularis — VENCHI & SINDACO 2006
Dolichophis jugularis — NAGY 2010 (pers. comm.)
Dolichophis jugularis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 242

Coluber jugularis asianus (BOETTGER 1880)
Zamenis gemonensis asianus — BARBOUR 1914: 89
Coluber jugularis asianus — SCHMIDT 1939
Coluber jugularis asianus — MIENIS 1986
Coluber jugularis asianus — DISI et al. 2004
Coluber jugularis asianus — AL-QURAN 2009 
DistributionTurkey [O. Cetin, pers. comm.], Greece (Aegean islands, e.g. Agathonisi, Cyprus),
Israel, Syria, N Iraq, N Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Kuwait

Type locality: “Aegypto”; restricted to SW Turkey, areas around Selcuk and Ephesus, by ZINNER 1972.

asianus: Syria, Jordan

cypriacus: Cyprus Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MAFR (Museum Adolphi Friderici Regis) 
CommentReported from Bulgaria, Romania, Albania, Yugoslavia, Hungary but unconfirmed. Not listed by ENGELMANN et al. (1993). 
References
  • Al-Mohanna, S., S. Jaman & R. Meakins 1997. First report of a melanistic Whip Snake, Coluber jugularis Linnaeus, 1758 from the Arabian Peninsula. Zoology in the Middle East 14: 73 - get paper here
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391 [this journal has a dubious record, see http://goo.gl/81SBPv]
  • Baier, F.; Sparrow, D.J. & Wiedl, H.J. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Cyprus. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt/M., ca. 370 pp.
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Baran, I.; Kumlutas, Y.; Olgun, K.; Ilgaz, C. & Kaska, Y. 2001. The Herpetofauna of the Vicinity of Silifke. Turkish Journal of Zoology 25: 245-249 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1914. Notes on some reptiles from Sinai and Syria. Proc. New England zool. Club 5: 73-92 - get paper here
  • Berger-Dell'mour, H. 1986. Zur Herpetofauna des Golan [Syria]. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. in Wien (Ser. B) 87: 59-67. - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. [as O. Böttger] 1880. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palaestina und Cypern. Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., Frankfurt/M., 1879-1880: 132-219 - get paper here
  • Clark, Richard 2000. Herpetological notes on the islands of Lipsi and Agathonisi, Dodecanse, Greece. Herpetological Bulletin (74):6-7.
  • Clark,R.J. & Clark, E.D. 1973. Report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Turkey. Occ. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci. (104): 62 pp. - get paper here
  • Damhoureyeh, S.A.; Qarqaz, M.A.; Baker, M.A.; Himdan, N.; Eid, E. & Amr, Z.S. 2009. Reptiles and Amphibians in Dibbeen Nature Reserve, Jordan. Vertebrate Zoology 59 (2): 169 – 177
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Disi, Ahmad M., Zuhair S. Amr and Harald Martens 2004. On a collection of amphibians and reptiles made by J. Klapperich in Jordan. Herpetozoa 16 (3/4):141-150 - get paper here
  • Esterbauer,H. 1985. Zur Herpetofauna Südwestsyriens. Herpetofauna 7 (38): 23-34 - get paper here
  • Fathnia, B.; N. Rastegar Pouyani; H. Darvishnia; M. Rajabzadeh 2010. The snake fauna of Ilam Province, southwestern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 6 (1) - get paper here
  • Göçmen, Bayram; Mehmet K. Atatür; Abidin Budak; Hasan Bahar; Mehmet Zülfü Yildiz; Nurşen Alpagut-Keskin 2009. Taxonomic notes on the snakes of Northern Cyprus, with observations on their morphologies and ecologies. Animal Biology 59: 1–30 - get paper here
  • Göçmen, Bayram; Zoltan Tamas Nagy, Kerim Çiçek, Bahadır Akman 2015. An unusual juvenile coloration of the whip snake Dolichophis jugularis (Linnaeus, 1758) observed in Southwestern Anatolia, Turkey Herpetology Notes 8: 531-533 - get paper here
  • Haas G. and Werner, Y. L. 1969. Lizards and snakes from Southwestern Asia, collected by Henry Field. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138: 327-406. - get paper here
  • Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46 - get paper here
  • Jestrzemski, Daniel 2015. Beobachtungen zum Prädationsverhalten der Großen Pfeilnatter (Dolichophis jugularis jugularis) auf Zypern Terraria Elaphe 2015 (2): 80-82 - get paper here
  • Kahl B, Gaupp P & Schmidt G 1980. Das Terrarium. Falken Verlag, Niederhausen (Germany), 336 pp.
  • Kasparek, M. 1990. Zur Herpetofauna des Beckens von Köycegiz, Türkei (Dalyan-Region). Salamandra 26 (2/3): 155-164
  • KUMLUTAS, Y.;MEHMET ÖZ, M. RIZVAN TUNÇ, YAKUP KASKA, ADEM ÖZDEMIR & SERDAR DÜSEN 2004. On snake species of the Western Taurus range, Turkey. Nat. Croat. 13 (1): 19-33
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Martens, Harald 1997. A review of "Zoogeography of amphibians and reptiles of Syria, with additional new records" (Herpetozoa 9(1/2), 1996). Herpetozoa 10 (3/4): 99-106 - get paper here
  • Mienis, H. K. 1986. Cannibalism in a juvenile Large Whip Snake, Coluber jugularis asianus, in Israel. Zoology in the Middle East 1: 88 - get paper here
  • Nagy, Z.T.; R. Lawson, U. Joger, M. Wink 2004. Molecular systematics of racers, whipsnakes and relatives (Reptilia: Colubridae) using mitochondrial and nuclear markers. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 42 (3): 223-233 - get paper here
  • Nagy, Z.T.; Schmidtler, J.F. Joger, U. & Wink, M. 2004. Systematik der Zwergnattern (Reptilia: Colubridae: Eirenis) und verwandter Gruppen anhand von DNA-Sequenzen und morphologischen Daten. Salamandra 39 (3/4): 149-168 [2003] - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Schätti B; Wilson L D 1986. Coluber Linnaeus. Holarctic racers. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 399: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Schätti, B. 1988. Systematik und Evolution der Schlangengattung Hierophis Fitzinger, 1843. PhD Diss. Univ. Zürich 1988
  • Schlüter, U. 2010. Der Herpetofauna von Symi [Griechenland]. Elaphe 18 (4): 62-67
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Schneider,B. 1986. Zur Herpetofauna der Insel Limnos (Hellespontische Inseln, Nordägäis, Griechenland). Salamandra 22 (4): 276-280
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
  • Steward, J. W. 1971. The Snakes of Europe. David and Charles, 238 pp.
  • Thieme, U. 2005. Herpetologische Beobachtungen im Dalyandelta. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (54): 44-50 - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. 1975. Europaische Amphibien und Reptilien. Belser Verlag, Stuttgart 212 pp.
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Werner, F. 1936. Reptiles from Mount Troodos, Cyprus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1936: 655-658
  • Werner,Y.L. 1988. Herpetofaunal survey of Israel (1950-1985), with comments on Sinai and Jordan and on zoogeographical heterogeneity. in: Yom-Tov,Y. & Tchernov, E. (eds.) The zoogeography of Israel, Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht (Netherlands); ISBN 90-6193-650-0
  • Zinner, H. 1972. Systematics and evolution of the species group Coluber jugularis linnaeus, 1758 - Coluber caspius Gmelin, 1789 (Reptilia, Serpentes). PhD thesis, Hebrew university, Jerusalem, 62 pp.
 
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