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Dopasia gracilis (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Burmese Glass Lizard, Asian Glass Lizard, Indian glass snake
G: Asiatische Glasschleiche, Zierliche Glasschleiche 
SynonymPseudopus gracilis GRAY 1845: 56
Ophiseps tessellatus BLYTH 1853: 655 (fide SMITH 1935)
Pseudopus gracilis — THEOBALD 1868: 24
Pseudopus gracilis — ANDERSON 1871: 156
Ophisaurus gracilis — BOULENGER 1885: 283
Dopasia gracilis — CAMP 1923: 368
Ophisaurus gracilis — SMITH 1935: 393
Ophisaurus gracilis — WERMUTH 1969
Ophisaurus gracilis — DAS 1996
Ophisaurus gracilis — COX et al. 1998: 108
Ophisaurus gracilis — BOBROV 2008: 219
Dopasia gracilis — NGUYEN et al. 2011
Ophisaurus gracilis — KÄSTLE et al. 2013: 435
Ophisaurus gracilis — CHAN-ARD et al. 2015: 139 
DistributionN India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, North Bengal, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh), Nepal, S China, N Myanmar (Burma), N Indochina, Thailand, Vietnam.

Type locality: Khasi Hills, [now in Meghalaya] India (Brygoo 1987).  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.29.28 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Maximum SVL 208 mm; ear opening greater than nostril; nasal separated from frontonasal by 3 (rarely 2) scales; dorsal scales strongly keeled; longitudinal scale rows between lateral folds 14–18; scales along lateral fold 81–97; vertebrae from atlas to hind limb bones 47–52; two dark stripes present on each side of body: dorsolateral stripe from one head-length behind ear opening to tail tip, progressively broader posteriorly; ventrolateral stripe narrower but more distinct than dorsolateral stripe (Campden-Main 1970, Brygoo 1987, Lin et al. 2003, pers. obs.) (Figs. 1, 4A in NGUYEN et al. 2011).
CommentSimilar species: D. sokolovi.

Type species: Pseudopus gracilis GRAY 1845 is the type species of the genus Dopasia GRAY 1853.

Distribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012).

Genome: the genome of this species has been sequenced by Song et al. 2015. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “gracilis”, meaning small or lanky, or gracile. 
  • Ahmed, M. Firoz; Abhijit Das and S.K. Dutta 2009. Amphibians and Reptiles of Northeast India: A Photographic Guide. Aaranyak, 168 pp.
  • Anderson, J. 1871. On some Indian reptiles. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1871: 149-211 - get paper here
  • Blyth,E. 1854. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little-known. Part I. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 22 [1853]: 639-655 - get paper here
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Bobrov, V. V. 1995. Checklist and bibliography of lizards of Vietnam. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (105): - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Camp, Charles Lewis 1923. Classification of the Lizards. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 48 (11): 289-481.
  • Campden-Main, Simon M. 1970. The first record of Ophisaurus gracilis (Gray) (Sauria: Anguidae) in South Vietnam. Herpetologica 26 (1): 17-18 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Danier, Andreas 2015. Farbenprächtige Untergrundkämpfer. Haltung und Nachzucht der Glasschleiche Dopasia gracilis Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (2): 68-75 - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Evans, G.H. 1905. Notes on Burmese Reptiles. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 16: 169-171 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1853. Descriptions of some undescribed species of reptiles collected by Dr. Joseph Hooker in the Khassia Mountains, East Bengal, and Sikkim Himalaya. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 12: 386 - 392 - get paper here
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Lalremsanga, H.T., L. Khawlhring & Lalrotluanga 2010. Three additional lizard (Squamata: Sauria) records for Mizoram, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(2): 718-720
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • NGUYEN, TRUONG QUANG; WOLFGANG BÖHME, TAO THIEN NGUYEN, QUYET KHAC LE, KRISTIAN ROBERT PAHL, TANJA HAUS & THOMAS ZIEGLER 2011. Review of the genus Dopasia Gray, 1853 (Squamata: Anguidae) in the Indochina subregion. Zootaxa 2894: 58–68 - get paper here
  • Saikia, U.; Sharma, D.K. & Sharma, R.M. 2007. Checklist of the Reptilian fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (8): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Song, Bo; Shifeng Cheng,Yanbo Sun, Xiao Zhong, Jieqiong Jin, Rui Guan, Robert W Murphy, Jing Che,Yaping Zhang, and Xin Liu 2015. A genome draft of the legless anguid lizard, Ophisaurus gracilis. GigaScience, doi: 10.1186/s13742-015-0056-7 - get paper here
  • Theobald, William 1868. Catalogue of the reptiles of British Birma, embracing the provinces of Pegu, Martaban, and Tenasserim; with descriptions of new or little-known species. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 10: 4-67. - get paper here
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1908. Notes on the Incubation and Brood of the Indo- Burmese Snake Lizard or Slow Worm (Ophisaurus gracilis). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 18: 503-504 - get paper here
  • Wangyal, Jigme Tshelthrim 2019. The status of herpetofauna of Bhutan. District Forest Office, District Administration, Trashigang, Bhutan, 20-39 - get paper here
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