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Draco maculatus (GRAY, 1845)

IUCN Red List - Draco maculatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesDraco maculatus divergens TAYLOR 1934
Draco maculatus whiteheadi BOULENGER 1900
Draco maculatus maculatus (GRAY 1845)
Draco maculatus haasei BOETTGER 1893 
Common NamesE: Spotted Flying Dragon, Spotted Gliding Lizard
G: Gefleckter Flugdrache 
SynonymDracunculus maculatus GRAY 1845
Draco maculatus — CANTOR 1847
Dracunculus maculatus — GÜNTHER 1861: 268
Draco maculatus — BOULENGER 1885: 262
Draco haasei BOETTGER 1893: 429 (fide SMITH 1935)
Draco maculatus — BOULENGER 1885: 262
Draco maculatus haasei — SMITH & KLOSS 1915 (fide SMITH 1935)
Draco maculatus — SMITH 1935: 138
Draco maculatus — TAYLOR 1963: 823
Draco maculatus — WERMUTH 1967
Draco maculatus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 169
Draco maculatus — COX et al. 1998: 100
Draco maculatus — MCGUIRE & KIEW 2001

Draco maculatus divergens TAYLOR 1934
Draco divergens TAYLOR 1934
Draco maculatus divergens — TAYLOR 1963
Draco maculatus divergens — WERMUTH 1967
Draco maculatus divergens — MUSTERS 1983
Draco maculatus divergens — SANG et al. 2009

Draco maculatus haasei BOETTGER 1893
Draco haasei BOETTGER 1893: 429
Draco hasei — BOULENGER 1894 (Zool. Rec., in error)
Draco maculatus haasi — SMITH & KLOSS 1915 (in error)
Draco maculatus haasei — TAYLOR 1963: 829
Draco maculatus haasei — WERMUTH 1967: 51
Draco maculatus haasei — MUSTERS 1983
Draco maculatus haasii — HALLERMANN 2005
Draco maculatus haasei — SANG et al. 2009

Draco maculatus maculatus (GRAY 1845)
Draco maculatus maculatus — HENNIG 1936
Draco maculatus maculatus — TAYLOR 1963
Draco maculatus maculatus — WERMUTH 1967: 50
Draco maculatus maculatus — MUSTERS 1983
Draco maculatus maculatus — SANG et al. 2009

Draco maculatus whiteheadi BOULENGER 1900
Draco whiteheadi BOULENGER 1899: 956
Draco whiteheadi — BARBOUR 1909: 63
Draco maculatus whiteheadi — HENNIG 1936
Draco maculatus whiteheadi — TAYLOR 1963: 831
Draco whiteheadi — COLBERT 1967
Draco maculatus whiteheadi — MUSTERS 1983
Draco maculatus whiteheadi — SANG et al. 2009 
DistributionS China (Hainan, Guangxi, Yunnan, SE Xizang = Tibet),
India (E. Himalayas to Assam - Naga hills and Abor country, Mizoram), Myanmar (= Burma), Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, W Malaysia (incl. Pulau Langkawi)

divergens: Nw Thailand; Type locality: Chieng Mai, N Siam; restricted to Doi Suthep Mountain by TAYLOR 1963.

haasei: E Thailand, Cambodia, S Vietnam; Type locality: Chantaboon, Siam.

whiteheadi: N Vietnam, Hainan; Type locality: Five-finger Mountains, interior of Hainan.

Type locality: Penang Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: BMNH
Holotype: ANSP 19938; Thailand, Chiang Mai [divergens] 
CommentDistribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). ZHAO AND ADLER (1993) question the validity of the type locality. 
References
  • Barbour, Thomas 1909. Notes on Amphibia and Reptilia from Eastern Asia. Proc. New England zool. Club 4: 53-78, 2 plates - get paper here
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Boettger,O. 1893. Ein neuer Drache (Draco) aus Siam. Zool. Anz. 16: 429-430 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1900. On the reptiles, batrachians (and fishes) collected by the late Mr. john Whitehead in the interior of Hainan. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1899: 956-959 - get paper here
  • Cantor. T. E. 1847. Catalogue of reptiles inhabiting the Malayan Peninsula and Islands. J Asiat. Soc., Bengal, Calcutta. 16 (2): 607 - 656, 897-952, 1026 - 1078 - get paper here
  • Colbert, Edwin H. 1967. Adaptations for gliding in the lizard Draco. American Museum Novitates (2283): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 2008. A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa 1691:53-66 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Thy Neang, Thou Chav, Perry L. Wood, Jr., Jamie R. Oaks, Jeremy Holden, Jesse L. Gr 2008. Additional amphibians and reptiles from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary in Northwestern Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia, with comments on their taxonomy and the discovery of three new species. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 56 (1): 161-175
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155]
  • Grismer, L.L. et al. 2007. THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE PHNOM AURAL WILDLIFE SANCTUARY AND CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE CARDAMOM MOUNTAINS, CAMBODIA. Hamadryad 31 (2): 216 – 241 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1861. Second list of Siamese reptiles. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 8: 266-268 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2005. Mit Hörnern, Kämmen und Gleithäuten - die bizarren Baumagamen. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (51): 18-25 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2005. The bizarre arboreal agamids. Reptilia (GB) (42): 8-15 - get paper here
  • Hartmann, Timo 2012. Unter Forschern. Vielfalt zwischen Tempeln und Landminen – Herpetologische Feldarbeit in Kambodscha. Terraria Elaphe 2012 (3): 42-45 - get paper here
  • Hecht, Vera L.; Cuong T. Pham, Tao T. Nguyen, Truong Q. Nguyen, Michael Bonkowski & Thomas Ziegler 2013. First report on the herpetofauna of Tay Yen Tu Nature Reserve, northeastern Vietnam. Biodiversity Journal 4 (4): 507–552
  • Hennig, W. 1936. Revision der Gattung Draco (Agamidae). Temminckia, Leiden 1: 153-220
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karslruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karslruhe, 124 pp.
  • Mahony, Stephen; Md. Kamrul Hasan, Md. Mofizul Kabir, Mushfiq Ahmed and Md. Kamal Hossain. 2009. A catalogue of amphibians and reptiles in the collection of Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Hamadryad 34 (1): 80 – 94
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • McGuire, Jimmy A. & Heang, Kiew Bong 2001. Phylogenetic systematics of Southeast Asian flying lizards (Iguania: Agamidae: Draco) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 72: 203–229 - get paper here
  • Neang Thy, L.L. Grismer et al. 2010. First report of the herpetofauna of Dalai Mountain in Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sactuary, southwestern Cardamon Mountains, Cambodia. Cambodian J Nat. Hist. 2010 (2): 127-143 - get paper here
  • Pauwels,O.S.G. et al. 2000. Herpetological investigations in Phang-Nga Province, southern Peninsular Thailand, with a list of reptile species and notes on their biology. Dumerilia 4 (2): 123-154 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Smith,M.A. & Kloss,C.B. 1915. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 1: 239
  • Smith,M.A. & Kloss,C.B. 1915. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 4 (2): 93
  • Stone, F.H.S. 1913. Notes on the Flying Lizard (Draco maculatus). J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 22: 640 - get paper here
  • Stuart, B.L. & Emmett, D.A. 2006. A Collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from the Cardamom Mountains, Southwestern Cambodia. Fieldiana Zool. N.S. (109): 1-27 - get paper here
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  • Taylor,E.H. 1934. Zoological results of the third De Schauensee Siamese Expedition, part IlI. Amphibians and Reptiles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 86: 281-310 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Waltner, R.C. 1975. Geographical and altitudinal distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the Himalayas. Cheetal (Dehra Dun, India) 16(1): 17-25; 16(2): 28-36; 16(3): 14-19; 16(4): 12-17.
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Ziegler, T. 2002. Die Amphibien und Reptilien eines Tieflandfeuchtwald-Schutzgebietes in Vietnam. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 342 pp. - get paper here
 
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