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Dryadosaura nordestina RODRIGUES, XAVIER FREIRE, MACHADO PELLEGRINO & SITES, 2005

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymDryadosaura nordestina RODRIGUES, XAVIER FREIRE, MACHADO PELLEGRINO & SITES 2005 
DistributionBrazil (Paraiba, Bahia, Pernambuco)

Type locality: João Pessoa (07°07’S, 34°52’W): state of Paraiba: Brazil  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 60635, an adult male, collected by Miguel T. Rodrigues 6 September 1983. 
CommentThis specis and genus is most closely related to Anotosaura sp.

Type species: Dryadosaura nordestina RODRIGUES et al. 2005 is the type species of the genus Dryadosaura RODRIGUES et al. 2005.

For diagnostic morphological characters distinguishing Marinussaurus, Amapasaurus, Anotosaura, Arthrosaura, Colobosauroides, Dryadosaura,Ecpleopus, Kaieteurosaurus, Leposoma, and Pantepuisaurus see Table 2 in PELOSO et al. 2011.

Definition of the genus Dryadosaura: Small gymnophthalmid with a robust and short head, elongate body and short, stout, pentadactyl limbs. Collar fold, ear opening and eyelid present. Frontonasal single; prefrontals, parietals and interparietals present; frontoparietals absent. Two pairs of chin shields and three supraoculars. Dorsal scales in transverse rows; anteriorly smooth, imbricate, rounded in the occipital region, becoming narrower, elongate and rectangular at the arm level; posterior to the arm, dorsal scales become progressively and irregularly mucronate, with lateral sides almost juxta- posed, keeled. Lateral scales of body about the same size as dorsals, smooth, rectangular, and laterally imbricate. Ventral scales smooth, juxtaposed or slightly imbricate, rectangular. Males with preanal and femoral pores; only preanal pores in females. 
EtymologyFrom the Greek Dryades, meaning ‘wood-land nymph’. This was the first name proposed (by Carl Philipp von Martius) for the biogeographical province of the Atlantic Forest. “Nordestina” referes to the type locality, the north-eastern part of Brazil. 
References
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Melo, Íris Virgínea; Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura, Marco Antonio de Freitas, Edson Victor Euclides de Andrade, Cláudio Casal, Arthur Diesel Abegg, Marcelo Nogueira de Carvalho Kakubum 2018. New additions to herpetofauna of the Parque Estadual Dois Irmãos, an urban Atlantic Rainforest Fragment, Recife municipality, Pernambuco state, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 245-254 - get paper here
  • Mesquita, Daniel O.; Brygida C.F. Alves, Carmem K.B. Pedro, Daniel O. Laranjeiras, Francis L.S. Caldas, Isabella M.M.C. Pedrosa, Jefter B. Rodrigues, Leandro O. Drummond, Lucas B.Q. Cavalcanti, Milena Wachlevski, Paulo Nogueira-Costa, Rafaela C. Fran 2018. Herpetofauna in two habitat types (tabuleiros and Stational Semidecidual Forest) in the Reserva Biológica Guaribas, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 11: 455-474
  • Nascimento de Oliveira, Camila; Sérgio Luiz da Silva Muniz, Geraldo Jorge Barbosa de Moura 2016. Reptiles of an urban Atlantic Rainforest fragment in the state of Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 9: 175-183 - get paper here
  • Peloso, Pedro L.V.; Katia C. M. Pellegrino, Miguel T. Rodrigues, and Teresa C.S. Ávila-Pires 2011. Description and Phylogenetic Relationships of a New Genus and Species of Lizard (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) from the Amazonian Rainforest of Northern Brazil. American Museum Novitates (3713): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Roberto, Igor Joventino; Cícero Ricardo de Oliveira, João Antonio de Araújo Filho, Herivelto Faustino de Oliveira, Robson Waldemar Ávila 2017. The herpetofauna of the Serra do Urubu mountain range: a key biodiversity area for conservation in the brazilian atlantic forest Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 57 (27): 347-373 - get paper here
  • RODRIGUES, MIGUEL TREFAUT; ELIZA MARIA XAVIER FREIRE, KATIA CRISTINA MACHADO PELLEGRINO and JACK W. SITES JR 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of a new genus and species of microteiid lizard from the Atlantic forest of north-eastern Brazil (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 144 (4): 543-557 - get paper here
 
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