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Dryocalamus gracilis (GÜNTHER, 1864)

IUCN Red List - Dryocalamus gracilis - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesScarce Bridal Snake 
SynonymOdontomus gracilis GÜNTHER 1864: 234
Odontomus fergusonii HALY 1888 (fide SMITH 1943)
Hydrophobus gracilis — BOULENGER 1890: 298
Dryocalamus gracilis — BOULENGER 1893: 371
Dryocalamus gracilis — WALL 1921: 169
Dryocalamus gracilis — SMITH 1943: 275
Dryocalamus gracilis — MCDOWELL & JENNER 1988
Dryocalamus gracilis — DAS 1996: 56
Dryocalamus gracilis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 248 
DistributionS India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Orissa), Sri Lanka [HR 34:264], Myanmar

Type locality: Anamally Hills  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.13.86 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentAbundance: very rare; only known from a handful of specimens.

The original description is available online (see link below). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “gracilis”, meaning small or lanky, or gracile. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • de Silva, Anslem and Sanath Velarathne 2005. Dryocalamus gracilis (Scarce Bridal snake): additional observations. Lyriocephalus (Special Issue) 6(1-2): 329-330
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wall, FRANK 1921. Ophidia Taprobanica or the Snakes of Ceylon. Colombo Mus. (H. R. Cottle, govt. printer), Colombo. xxii, 581 pages - get paper here
  • Wall,F. 1909. Remarks on some little known Indian Ophidia. Records of the Indian Museum 3 (2): 145-150. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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