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Dryophylax paraguanae (BAILEY & THOMAS, 2007)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymThamnodynastes paraguanae BAILEY & THOMAS 2007
Thamnodynastes paraguanae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 718
Thamnodynastes paraguanae — TREVINE et al. 2021
Dryophylax paraguanae — TREVINE et al. 2022 
DistributionVenezuela (Falcón), Colombia (Magdalena)

Type locality: from Norte de Paraguana, Falcón State, Venezuela  
TypesHolotype: MBUCV 1468, collected by a Sr. Toledo, on 21 November 1964. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A Thamnodynastes with weakly keeled dorsal scales in 19-19-15 rows; hemipenis very slender without significant spines; maxillary teeth usually 13+2G; infralabials and chin usually heavily pigmented; ventrals and subcaudals generally fewer than neighboring species (see variation below).

Character table: Franco et al. 2017, Trevine et al. 2021: 238 (Table 1) 
CommentThis species may have been confused with T. nattereri, Dryophylax strigilis, or T. gambotensis (see BAILEY & THOMAS 2007). 
EtymologyThis species is named in allusion to its type locality, the Península de Paraguaná, estado Falcón, Venezuela. 
  • Angarita-M O, Montes-Correa AC, Renjifo JM. 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of an agroforestry system in the Colombian Caribbean. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 8 (2) [Special Section]: 19–38 - get paper here
  • Bailey, J.R.; R.A. Thomas 2007. A revision of the South American snake genus Thamnodynastes Wagler, 1830 (Serpentes, Colubridae, Tachymenini). II. Three new species from northern South America, with further descriptions of Thamnodynastes gambotensis Pérez-Santos and Moreno and Tha Memoria de la Fundación La Salle de Ciencias Naturales 166: 7-27 [2006]
  • Larreal, J.T.; G.A. Rivas; C. Portillo-Quintero; T.R. Barros 2012. Squamata reptiles of a fragment of tropical dry forest in northwestern Venezuela (Lake Maracaibo region). Check List 8(6):1220-1224 - get paper here
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela. Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Trevine, V. C., Grazziotin, F. G., Giraudo, A., Sallesbery‐Pinchera, N., Vianna, J. A., & Zaher, H. 2022. The systematics of Tachymenini (Serpentes, Dipsadidae): An updated classification based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zoologica Scripta - get paper here
  • TREVINE, VIVIAN C.; JOSÉ RANCÉS CAICEDO-PORTILLA, MARINUS HOOGMOED, ROBERT A. THOMAS, FRANCISCO L. FRANCO, GIOVANNA G. MONTINGELLI, MARIELA OSORNO-MUÑOZ, HUSSAM ZAHER 2021. A new species of Thamnodynastes Wagler, 1830 from western Amazonia, with notes on morphology for members of the Thamnodynastes pallidus group (Serpentes, Dipsadidae, Tachymenini). Zootaxa 4952 (2): 235–256 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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