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Echinanthera melanostigma (WAGLER, 1824)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymNatrix melanostigma WAGLER 1824: 17
? Dromicus Pleii — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 661
Dromicus pleii - GÜNTHER 1858
Dromicus melanostigma - JAN & SORDELLI 1867
Dromicus (Alsophis) maculivittis PETERS 1877: 458 [?]
Aporophis cyanopleurus COPE 1885: 191 (fide PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970)
Dromicus pleii — GARMAN 1887: 281
Dromicus melanostigma — BOULENGER 1886: 433
Liophis melanostigma - BOULENGER 1894
Leimadophis melanostigma - AMARAL 1929: 166
Leimadophis melanostigma — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 144
Liophis melanostigma (incertae sedis) — DIXON 1980
Echinanthera melanostigma - DI-BERNARDO 1992
Echinanthera melanostigma — SCHARGEL et al. 2005
Echinanthera melanostigma — WALLACH et al. 2014: 253 
DistributionBrazil (SE Bahia, southwards through Espirito Santo, SE Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and CE Sao Paulo)

Type locality: “Habitat in provincia Bahiae” [Brazil, former province of Bahia, part of the present state of Bahia] according to the original description and Vanzolini (1981). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: ZSM 199/0, male, collected by Spix and Martius expedition to Brazil, 1817-1820; lectotype designated by HOOGMOED & GRUBER 1983. 
Comment 
References
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Estudos sobre ophidios neotropicos XVIII. Lista remissiva dos ophidios da região neotropica. Mem. Inst. Butantan 4: 126-271 [1929] - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. A synopsis of the reptiles and batrachians of the province Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 18: 423-445 - get paper here
  • Di Bernardo,M. 1992. Revalidation of the gênero Rhadinaea Copegenus Echinanthera COPE 1894 and its conceptual amplification (Serpentes, Colubridae). Comun. Mus. Ciênc. PUCRS, sér. zool., Porto Alegre 5 (13): 225-256
  • Dixon, J. R. 1980. The neotropical colubrid snake genus Liophis. The generic concept. Milwaukee Public Museum Contributions in Biology and Geology 31: 1-40
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Hamdan, B. & R. M. Lira-da-Silva 2012. The snakes of Bahia State, northeastern Brazil: species richness, composition and biogeographical notes. Salamandra 48 (1): 31-50 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, CARLOS FREDERICO D.; HELENA G.BERGALLO, JOSÉ P. POMBAL JR., LENA GEISE, MONIQUE VAN SLUYS, RONALDO FERNANDES, ULISSES CARAMASCHI 2004. FAUNA DE ANFÍBIOS, RÉPTEIS E MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DO RIO DE JANEIRO, SUDESTE DO BRASIL Publ. Avul. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro (104): 3-23 - get paper here
  • Schargel, Walter E., Gilson Rivas Fuenmayor and Charles W. Myers 2005. An Enigmatic New Snake from Cloud Forest of the Península de Paria, Venezuela (Colubridae: Genus Taeniophallus?). American Museum Novitates 3484:1-22. - get paper here
  • Spix, J.B. von. 1824. Serpentum brasiliensium species novae ou histoire naturelle des espèces nouvelles de serpens, recueillies et observées pendant le voyage dans l'intérieur du Brésil dans les années 1817, 1818, 1819, 1820, exécuté par ordre de sa majesté le Roi de Bavi Typis Franc. Seraph. Hübschmanni, Monachii viii + 75 pp.
  • Wagler,J. 1824. Serpentum Brasiliensium species novae, ou histoire naturelle des espèces nouvelles de serpens. In: Jean de Spix, Animalia nova sive species novae. [NAtrix bahiensis: 27,. Monaco, Typis Franc. Seraph. Hübschmanni, vii + 75 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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