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Echis coloratus GÜNTHER, 1878

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesEchis coloratus coloratus GÜNTHER 1878
Echis coloratus terraesanctae BABOCSAY 2003 
Common NamesE: Palestine Saw-scaled Viper
G: Arabische Sandrasselotter 
SynonymEchis colorata GÜNTHER 1878
Echis froenata DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1449
Echis coloratus — HAAS 1957: 83
Echis coloratus GASPERETTI 1988
Echis froenatus CHERLIN & BORKIN 1990
Echis coloratus — WELCH 1994: 57
Echis coloratus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 378
Echis coloratus — DOBIEY & VOGEL 2007
Echis coloratus — POOK et al. 2009 
DistributionE Egypt, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Israel, N Oman, Jordan, United Arab Emirates (UAE)

coloratus: NW Arabia, S Levant (Sinai), Wadi Arava), Egypt (east of Nile), Jordan. Type locality: Jebel Sharr, Midian, Arabia, elevation 4,500 ft.

terraesanctae: Israel, Jordan. Type locality: Ma’ale Efrayim, Samaria, Cisjordan. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.20.84 (coloratus)
Holotype: HUJ-R 8926 (terraesanctae) 
CommentVenomous!

Distribution: Erroneously reported from Socotra. See distribution map in Babocsay (2003).

Similar species: May be confused with Echis omanensis BABOCSAY 2004.

Reproduction: oviparous. 
References
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391
  • Babocsay, G. 2003. Geographic variation in Echis coloratus (Viperidae, Ophidia) in the Levant with the description of a new subspecies. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 13-32 - get paper here
  • Babocsay, G. 2004. A new species of saw-scaled viper of the Echis coloratus complex (Ophidia: Viperidae) from Oman, Eastern Arabia. Systematics and Biodiversity 1 (4): 503–514
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965)
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Dobiey, M. 2005. Zwei neue Sandrasselottern. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (51): 14-15 - get paper here
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Terralog 15, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 150 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., BIBRON, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia. Motivate Publishing, Dubai, 208 pp.
  • Günther, A. 1878. On reptiles from Midian collected by Major Burton. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1878: 977-978 - get paper here
  • Haas, Georg 1957. Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (3): 47-86 - get paper here
  • Herrmann,H. W.; Joger,U.; Lenk,P. & Wink,M. 1999. Morphological and molecular phylogenies of viperines: conflicting evidence?. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 21-30 - get paper here
  • Joger,U. & Courage,K. 1999. Are palearctic ‘rattlesnakes’ (Echis and Cerastes) monophyletic?. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 65-81
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
  • Lehmann,M. 1980. Haltung und Nachzucht von Echis carinatus leakeyi x Echis coloratus. Herpetofauna 2 (4): 32-34 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Opinion 1176 1981. Echis colorata [sic] Guenther, 1878 (Reptilia; Serpentes) given nomenclatural precedence over Echis froenata [sic] Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854. Bull. zool. Nom. 38 (2): 110-111. - get paper here
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Pook, Catharine E.; Ulrich Joger, Nikolaus Stümpel, Wolfgang Wüster 2009. When continents collide: Phylogeny, historical biogeography and systematics of the medically important viper genus Echis (Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 (3): 792-807 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. & Marx, H. 1956. The herpetology of Sinai. Fieldiana 39 (4): 21-40 - get paper here
  • Smith, H. M. 1976. Comments on Echis coloratus Dumeril, Bibron and Dumeril, 1854 (Reptilia) Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 32 (4): 199 - get paper here
  • Stimson, A.F. 1974. Echis coloratus Günther 1878 (Reptilia, Serpentes): proposed validation under the plenary powers. Z.N.(S.) 2064. Bull. zool. Nom. 31 (4): 223-224. - get paper here
  • Tsairi, H. & Bouskila, A. 2004. Ambush site selection of a desert snake (Echis coloratus). Herpetologica 60 (1): 13-23 - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 4: The terrestrial snakes. Podarcis 2 (2): 54-64
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Yosef, Reuven; Juan Ramirez Roman, and Piotr Zduniak 2012. Habitat Choice of Palestine Saw-Scaled Viper (Echis coloratus) in an Extreme Environment Journal of Herpetology 46 (4): 671-674. - get paper here
 
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