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Echis megalocephalus CHERLIN, 1990

IUCN Red List - Echis megalocephalus - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLarge-headed Carpet Viper, Cherlin's Saw-scaled Viper 
SynonymEchis megalocephalus CHERLIN 1990
Echis megalocephalus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 379
Echis megalocephalus — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 620 
DistributionEritrea (Dahhlah); Indian Ocean Islands

Type locality: "Ostrov na yuge Krasnovo morya" [Islands in southern Red Sea]. Borkin and Cheriin, 1995, Zool. Zhurnal, Moscow 74:134-136[136, English summary] noted that the type-locality "seems to be restricted to Nokra Island (Dakhlak Archipelago, the Red Sea, Ethiopia)." We interpret this as a clarification of the type-locality, not a restriction in the nomenclatural sense. The type locality could be Hanish el Kebir, 13°45'N, 42°45'E) or one of the Dakhlak islands (UJ). Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
 
TypesHolotype: ZIL 19430.1. 
CommentVenomous!

Not listed by WELCH 1994.

Synonymy: Maybe synonymous with E. pyramidum (fide G. Nilson in MCDIARMID et al. 1999).

Reproduction: oviparous. 
References
  • Cherlin,V.A. 1990. Taxonomic revision of the snake genus Echis (Viperidae). II. An analysis of taxonomy and description of new forms [in Russian]. Proc. Zool. Institute Leningrad 207: 193-223
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Terralog 15, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 150 pp.
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
 
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