Egernia cunninghami (GRAY, 1832)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Egernia cunninghami?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Egerniinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Cunningham's Spiny-tailed Skink, Cunningham's Skink|
|Synonym||Tiliqua cunninghami GRAY 1832|
Egernia krefftii PETERS 1871: 30
Egernia lohmanni WERNER 1917: 32
Egernia cunninghami — COGGER 1983: 155
Egernia cunninghami — COGGER 2000: 457
Egernia cunninghami — DOUGHTY et al. 2011
Egernia cunninhamii — WHILE et al. 2015 (in error)
|Distribution||Australia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria), elevation above 1000 m.|
Type locality: eastern Australia in lat. 29° S.
|Reproduction||Viviparous. This is one of the few reptile species in which monogamy has been observed (Chapple 2003).|
|Types||Holotype: BMNH xv.85a (stuffed)|
Holotype: ZMB 341, from Sydney, N. S. W. [Egernia krefftii]
Holotype: unknown [Egernia lohmanni]
|Comment||Synonymy after COGGER 1983.|
Type species: Tiliqua cunninghami GRAY 1832 is the type species of the genus Egernia GRAY 1838.
Deﬁnition (genus): The clade comprising Egernia cunninghami Gray, 1838, and all species that share a more recent common ancestor with Egernia cunninghami than with Tiliqua scincoides, Liopholis whitii, Lissolepis luctuosa or Bellatorias major.
A genus of medium to large Egernia group skinks; usually dorsoventrally compressed, but with a more stout habitus in E. kingii and E. rugosa; MBSR 24–46; dorsal scales smooth, striated, multi-keeled and/or with long spine; postnarial groove (if present) on nasal scale in contact with first supralabial; parietals separated by interparietal; subocular scale row incomplete; eyes relatively small; eyelid colour similar to neighbouring scales [from Gardner et al. 2008].
Description: A genus of Egernia Group skinks, medium sized to large lizards [adult snout–vent length (SVL) 100–240 mm]; body squarish in the two larger species (kingii and rugosa) but head and body more or less dorsoventrally compressed in most; midbody scales in 24–46 rows, dorsals varying between species, from smooth, to striate to multi-keeled to spinose; nasal scale with postnarial groove running to the ﬁrst supralabial; subocular scale row incomplete; eyes relatively small, the eyelids similarly coloured to the adjacent scales.
|Etymology||Named after Allan Cunningham (1791-1839), a British explorer and botanist. He is buried in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney. See Beolens et al. 2011: 60 for more details.|