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Egernia kingii (GRAY, 1838)

IUCN Red List - Egernia kingii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Egerniinae (Tiliquini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: King's Skink 
SynonymTiliqua kingii GRAY 1838: 290
Scincus nicitensis GRAY 1838: 290 (nomen nudum)
Tropidolopisma dumerilii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 745 (part.)
Scincus aterrimus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 745 (nomen nudum)
Scincus nuittensis DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 745 (nomen nudum)
Scincus trifasciatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 745 (nomen nudum)
Tropidolopisma nitida GRAY 1845: 106
Egernia kingii — GLAUERT 1960: 73
Egernia kingii — FORD 1963
Egernia kingii — COGGER 1983: 157
Egernia kingii — COGGER 2000: 465
Egernia kingii — DOUGHTY et al. 2011 
DistributionAustralia (Western Australia)

Type locality: Australia  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.9.86 (formerly xv.86a)
Syntypes: MNHP 3001 (Kangaroo Island, presumably in error), MNHP 1242, 3003, MNHP 7126 (2 specimens, Australia), MNHP 3002, MNHP 7127, MNHP 7128 (4 specimens, King George's Sound), from Australia, Kangaroo Is., S. A., King George's Sound, W. A. (all as from "différents points de Ia Nouvelle- Hollande"), see Guibé, J. (1954) [Tropidolopisma dumerilii]
Holotype: BMNH 43. 5. 11. 2, from West Australia (original description cites Australia) [Tropidolopisma nitida] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A very large Egernia with keeled dorsal scales, fragile tail, strong postnarial groove, and dorsal and lateral coloration dark grey or black with or without small whitish spots or short streaks. Further distinguishable from members of Egernia striolata group by dark upper lip and absence of broad longi- tudinal stripes, especially dark upper lateral-temporal-Ioreal band and pale laterodorsal band (Storr 1978: 160). 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983. 
Etymologynamed after Captain and Admiral Philip Parker King (1791-1856), Australian-born British marine surveyor and collector. 
  • Barr, J.I., Boisvert, C.A., Somaweera, R. et al. 2019. Re-regeneration to reduce negative effects associated with tail loss in lizards. Sci Rep 9: 18717 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Doughty, Paul; Luke Kealley, and Stephen C. Donnellan 2011. Revision of the Pygmy Spiny-tailed Skinks (Egernia depressa species-group) from Western Australia, with descriptions of three new species. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 26: 115–137
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Ford, J. 1963. The Reptilian Fauna of the Islands between Dongara and Lancelin, Western Australia. Western Australian Naturalist 8 (6): 135-142 - get paper here
  • Glauert, L. 1960. Herpetological miscellanea. XII. The family Scincidae in Western Australia. Pt. 1. The genera Tiliqua, Trachysaurus and Egernia. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (3): 67-77 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1838. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Part 1. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 1: 274-283 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Guibé, J. 1954. Catalogue des Types de Lézards du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Naturelle. Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 119 pp.
  • Hallermann, J. 2020. An annotated list of reptiles and amphibians from the 1905 Hamburg expedition to southwest Australia deposited in the Zoological Museum Hamburg. Evolutionary Systematics 4: 61 - get paper here
  • Hauschild, A. & P. Gassner 1994. Zur Kenntnis von Egernia kingii: Morphologie, Ökologie, Terrarienhaltung und Zucht der Inselform von den Houtman Abrolhos / Westaustralien. Salamandra 30 (3): 185-196 - get paper here
  • How, RA, Cowan, MA, Teale, RJ, Schmitt, LH. 2020. Environmental correlates of reptile variation on the Houtman Abrolhos archipelago, eastern Indian Ocean. J Biogeogr. 47: 2017– 2028 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1950. The scincid genera Egernia and Tiliqua (Lacertilia). Rec. South Austral. Mus. 9: 275-308 - get paper here
  • Murphy, James B. 2016. Art in Herpetology: Four historical views of a large Australian skink (Genus Egernia). Herpetological Review 47 (4): 690-691 - get paper here
  • Storr G M 1978. The genus Egernia (Lacertilia, Scincidae) in Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 6 (2): 147-187 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M., Smith, L. A. & Johnstone, R. E. 1981. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Perth: University of Western Australia Press and Western Australian Museum, 200 pp.
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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