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Eirenis collaris (MÉNÉTRIES, 1832)

IUCN Red List - Eirenis collaris - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesEirenis collaris macrospilotus (WERNER 1903)
Eirenis collaris collaris (MÉNÉTRIÉS 1832) 
Common NamesE: Collared Dwarf Racer
G: Halsband-Zwergnatter 
SynonymColuber collaris MÉNÉTRIES 1832: 67
Coronella collaris — BERTHOLD in WAGNER 1850 (fide BOULENGER 1894)
Eirenis collaris — DE FILIPPI 1865
Eirenis collaris — JAN 1866
Ablabes collaris — STRAUCH 1873: 41
Cyclophis collaris — BLANFORD 1876
Contia collaris — BOULENGER 1894: 260
Eirenis rothi — MARX & REED 1959
Eirenis (collaria) collaris — DOTSENKO 1989
Eirenis (Pediophis) collaris — NAGY et al. 2004
Eirenis collaris — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Eirenis collaris — SZCZERBAK 2003
Eirenis collaris — WALLACH et al. 2014: 257

Eirenis collaris macrospilotus (WERNER 1903)
Contia collaris var. macrospilota WERNER 1903
Eirenis collaris macrospilotus — MAHLOW et al. 2013 
DistributionBulgaria, E Turkey (Adiyaman Province etc.), Iraq, W Iran, S USSR (between Black and Caspian Seas), Lebanon,
Dagestan (S Russia), SE Republic of Georgia, S Armenia, Azerbaijan

macrospilotus: Turkey. Type locality: Takjaltu Mountain, 20 km WSW Tuzluca (Vil. Kars) [EISELT in DAREVSKY & BAKRADZE 1982].

Type locality: Bechebermak, near Caspian Sea. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype ZISP 1546 (fide Tuniev et al. 2009).
Holotype: ZSM 1926/0 (lost), female [macrospilota] 
CommentSynonymy: Maybe synonymous to E. rothi. More extended synonymy in BOULENGER 1894. SCHMIDTLER & SCHMIDTLER (1978) state that all reports of C. collaris from Turkey actually refer to other species (eiselti, rothi, modestus, punctatolineatus). However, the species was later confirmed from Turkey by FRANZEN et al. (1989) and others.

Subspecies: According to Darevsky & Bakradze (1982) and the original description Werner’s subspecies differs from the nominate subspecies in having a longitudinal row of approximately 25–34 dark black-brownish dorsal spots, which are indistinct in the posterior body, and furthermore an indistinct longitudinal lateral row of black spots. The posterior most part of the body is patternless. 
References
  • Arakelyan, Marine S.; Felix D. Danielyan, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, and Alan E. Leviton 2011. The Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 154 pp. [ISBN: 978-0-916984-84-7.]
  • Baran, I., Y. Kumlutas, C Ilgaz, O. Türkozan & A. Avci 2004. New locality records extended the distribution of some ophidians in southeastern Anatolia. Russ. J. Herpetol. 11 (1): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Baran,I. 1978. Some rare species of snakes from Turkey. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums, Wien 81 [1977]: 261-265 - get paper here
  • Bedriaga, J. von. 1882. Die Amphibien und Reptilien Griechenlands. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou, 56:43—103. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Darevsky, I. S. and Bakradze, M. A. 1982. The taxonomic status of Contia collaris var. macrospilota Werner 1903 (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae). Amphibia-Reptilia 3: 283-287 - get paper here
  • Dotsenko I B 1989. A review of the genus Eirenis (Reptilia, Colubridae). [in Russian]. Vest. zool. 5: 23-29
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Fathnia, B.; N. Rastegar Pouyani; H. Darvishnia; M. Rajabzadeh 2010. The snake fauna of Ilam Province, southwestern Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 6 (1) - get paper here
  • Franzen,M. & Sigg, H. 1989. Bemerkungen zu einigen Schlangen Ostanatoliens. Salamandra 25 (3-4): 203-212 - get paper here
  • Haas G. and Werner, Y. L. 1969. Lizards and snakes from Southwestern Asia, collected by Henry Field. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 138: 327-406. - get paper here
  • Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1863. Enumerazione sistematica degli ofidi appartenenti al gruppo Coronellidae. Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol. 2 (2): 213-330 [1862] - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1866. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 15. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • KUMLUTAS, Y.;MEHMET ÖZ, M. RIZVAN TUNÇ, YAKUP KASKA, ADEM ÖZDEMIR & SERDAR DÜSEN 2004. On snake species of the Western Taurus range, Turkey. Nat. Croat. 13 (1): 19-33
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Mahlow, Kristin; Frank Tillack, Josef Friedrich Schmidtler & Johannes Müller 2013. An annotated checklist, description and key to the dwarf snakes of the genus Eirenis Jan, 1863 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae), with special emphasis on the dentition. Vertebrate Zoology 63 (1): 41–85 - get paper here
  • Ménétries, E. 1832. Catalogue raisonné des objets de zoologie recueillis dans un voyage au caucase et jusqu’aux frontières actuelles de la Perse. L’Académie Impériale des Sciences, St. -Pétersbourg - get paper here
  • Nagy, Z.T., J.F. Schmidtler, U. Joger & M. Wink 2003. Systematik der Zwergnattern (Reptilia: Colubridae: Eirenis) und verwandter Gruppen anhand von DNA-Sequenzen und morphologischen Daten Salamandra 39 (3-4): 149-168 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Reed, Charles A. & Marx, Hymen 1959. A herpetological collection from Northeastern Iraq. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 62 (1): 91-122 - get paper here
  • Sadeghi, Najmeh; Mehdi Rajabizadeh, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani and Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani. 2014. Updated distribution of Eirenis collaris (Ménétriés, 1832) (Serpentes; Colubridae) in Iran. Herpetology Notes 7: 245-246 - get paper here
  • Sadeghi, Najmeh; Nasrullah Rastegar, Seyyed Saeed Hosseinian Yousefkhani 2014. Sexual Size Dimorphism in Eirenis collaris Ménétriés 1832 from Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (4): 291-294
  • Schätti B. & Monsch, P. 2004. Systematics and phylogenetic relationships of Whip snakes (Hierophis Fitzinger) and Zamenis andreana Werner 1917 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubrinae). Rev. Suisse Zool. 111 (2): 239-256 - get paper here
  • SCHÄTTI, B., I. BARAN & P. MAUNOIR 2001. Taxonomie, Morphologie und Verbreitung der Masken-Schlanknatter Coluber (s.L.) collaris (MÜLLER, 1878). Rev. Suisse Zool. 108 (1): 11-30 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, U. 2006. Die Herpetofauna der bulgarischen Schwarzmeerküste - Teil 3: Schlangen. Elaphe 14 (2): 59-66
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler, J.J. & Schmidtler,J. F. 1978. Eine neue Zwergnatter aus der Türkei; mit einer Übersicht über die Gattung Eirenis (Colubridae,Rept.). Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 81: 383-400 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler,J.F. & Baran,I. 1993. Eirenis collaris - Halsband-Zwergnatter. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 3/I., Schlangen (Serpentes) I. Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 267-278
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
  • Steward, J. W. 1971. The Snakes of Europe. David and Charles, 238 pp.
  • Strauch,A. 1873. Die Schlangen des Russischen Reichs, in systematischer und zoogeographischer Beziehung. Mém Acad. Sci. Pétersbourg (7) 11 (4): 1-288 - get paper here
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner, FRANZ 1903. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Guatemala und China in der zoologischen Staats-Sammlung in München nebst einem Anhang über seltene Formen aus anderen Gegenden. Abhandl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wissensch., Munich, (ser. 2) 22 (2): 343-384 - get paper here
 
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