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Eirenis modestus MARTIN, 1838

IUCN Red List - Eirenis modestus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesEirenis modestus modestus (MARTIN, 1838)
Eirenis modestus semimaculatus (BOETTGER 1876)
Eirenis modestus cilicius (SCHMIDTLER 1993) 
Common NamesE: Asia Minor Dwarf Racer
G: Kopfbinden-Zwergnatter 
SynonymEirenis modestus modestus (MARTIN 1838)
Coronella modesta MARTIN 1838: 82
Coluber nigricollis DWIGUBSKY 1832
Ablabes modestus — BOETTGER 1880: 144
Contia collaris — BOULENGER 1894: 260
Cyclophis modestus — MEHELY 1894: 85
Contia modesta — BOULENGER 1913
Contia modesta — BIRD 1936: 275
Eirenis modestus — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Eirenis (Eirenis) modestus modestus — NAGY et al. 2004
Eirenis modestus — KWET & TRAPP 2015
Eirenis modestus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 259

Eirenis modestus cilicius (SCHMIDTLER 1993)
Eirenis (Eirenis) modestus cilicius — NAGY et al. 2004

Eirenis modestus semimaculatus (BOETTGER 1876)
Ablabes modestus var. semimaculata BOETTGER 1876: 58
Eirenis (Eirenis) modestus semimaculatus — NAGY et al. 2004 
DistributionIsrael, Turkey, Greece (incl. Lesbos, Chios, Samos, Kalymnos)
Soviet Union (Caucasus), Dagestan (S Russia), Armenia, E Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iraq ?, Iran ?

cilicius: S Turkey; Type locality: “Tal des Lamas- Flusses, ca. 10 km NW Limonlu (Prov. Mersin), etwa 50 m ü. M.” [Turkey]

modestus: Turkey, Iran etc.; Type locality: Trabzon, Turkey Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZSM; Paratypes in ZFMK, NMW, MNHG and ZSM [cilicius] 
CommentSynonymy partly after KHALIKOV & ANANJEVA (pers. comm.). Has been considered as a synonym of E. collaris (e.g. by BOULENGER 1894: 260).

Type species: Coronella modesta MARTIN 1838 is the type species of the genus Eirenis JAN. Misidentified as “E. collaris (Ménétr.)” in the original designation by Jan (1863) fide MAHLOW et al. 2013.

Distribution: not in Syria fide MARTENS 1997. Reports from Iraq and Iran are questionable fide IUCN.

Size: up to 55 cm total length 
References
  • Ananjeva, NB, Orlov NL; Khalikov RG; Darevsky IS; Ryabov IS & Barabanov AV 2006. The Reptiles of North Eurasia. Taxonomic Diversity, Distribution, Conservation Status [this comprises the territory of the former Soviet Union and Mongolia]. Pensoft Series Faunistica 47, 250 pp.
  • Arakelyan, Marine S.; Felix D. Danielyan, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, and Alan E. Leviton 2011. The Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 154 pp. [ISBN: 978-0-916984-84-7.]
  • Baran, I. 1982. Zur Taxonomie der Schlangen in Südost- und Ost-Anatolien. Spixiana 5 (1): 51-59 - get paper here
  • Baran, I.; Kumlutas, Y.; Olgun, K.; Ilgaz, C. & Kaska, Y. 2001. The Herpetofauna of the Vicinity of Silifke. Turkish Journal of Zoology 25: 245-249 - get paper here
  • Baran, İ. 1986. On an island population of Eirenis modestus in the Turkish Mediterranean Sea. Zoology in the Middle East 1: 80 - get paper here
  • Bird, C. G. 1936. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in Asiatic Turkey with notes on a collection from the Vilayets of Adana, Gaziantep and Malatya. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10) 18: 257-281.
  • Bischoff, W. 2002. Auf der Suche nach Darevskia valentini (BOETTGER 1892) in Georgien - Impressionen aus einem wenig bekannten Land. Elaphe 10 (3): 49-61
  • Boettger, O. 1876. Bericht des Offenbacher Vereins für Naturkunde 1876: 58
  • Boettger, O. [as O. Böttger] 1880. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palaestina und Cypern. Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., Frankfurt/M., 1879-1880: 132-219 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1913. The snakes of Europe. Methusen & Co. Ltd, London, 151 pp.
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Broggi, Mario F. 1978. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf der Insel Lesbos (Griechenland). Salamandra 14 (4): 161-171
  • BUDAK, Abidin; Cemal Varol TOK & Ahmet MERMER 1998. A Report on Reptiles Collected from Kumluca-Kalkan (Antalya), Turkey. Tr. J. of Zoology 22: 185-189
  • Edelman, Martin; Frank, Ronald 2005. Herpetologische en andere interessante waarnemingen in Turkije. Lacerta 63 (4): 166-172 - get paper here
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
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  • Kasapidis, Panagiotis;Provatidou, Sofia;Maragou, Panagiota;Valakos, Efstratios D. 1996. Neue Daten über die Herpetofauna von Lesbos (ägäische Inseln, Griechenland) und einige biogeographische Bemerkungen über die Inseln des nordöstlichen ägäischen Archipels. Salamandra 32 (3): 171-180
  • Kasparek, M. 1990. Zur Herpetofauna des Beckens von Köycegiz, Türkei (Dalyan-Region). Salamandra 26 (2/3): 155-164
  • KUMLUTAS, Y.;MEHMET ÖZ, M. RIZVAN TUNÇ, YAKUP KASKA, ADEM ÖZDEMIR & SERDAR DÜSEN 2004. On snake species of the Western Taurus range, Turkey. Nat. Croat. 13 (1): 19-33
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Latifi, M. 1991. The snakes of Iran. [English Translation]. Athens, Ohio, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Contrib. Herpetol., 7: i-viii + 1-159
  • Mahlow, Kristin; Frank Tillack, Josef Friedrich Schmidtler & Johannes Müller 2013. An annotated checklist, description and key to the dwarf snakes of the genus Eirenis Jan, 1863 (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubridae), with special emphasis on the dentition. Vertebrate Zoology 63 (1): 41–85 - get paper here
  • Martin, W. 1838. Three species of Chameleon from Fernando Po. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1838: 63-65 - get paper here
  • Martin, W. 1839. [A Collection of snakes procured by the Euphrates Expedition]. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1838: 81-84 - get paper here
  • Méhely,L. 1894. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Transkaukasiens und Armeniens (Teil 1+2). Zool. Anz. 17: 78-80, 81-86 - get paper here
  • Nagy, Z.T.; Schmidtler, J.F. Joger, U. & Wink, M. 2004. Systematik der Zwergnattern (Reptilia: Colubridae: Eirenis) und verwandter Gruppen anhand von DNA-Sequenzen und morphologischen Daten. Salamandra 39 (3/4): 149-168 [2003] - get paper here
  • ÖZDEMÜR, Adem & Übrahim BARAN 2002. Research on the Herpetofauna of Murat Mountain (Kütahya-Usak). Turkish Journal of Zoology 26: 189-195 - get paper here
  • Perack, R. 1975. Eirenis modestus (Martin 1838). Aquar. Terr. 22: 354-355.
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
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  • Schlüter, U. 2010. Der Herpetofauna von Symi [Griechenland]. Elaphe 18 (4): 62-67
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  • Schmidtler, J.F. 1997. Die Zwergnattern (Eirenis modestus-Komplex) des Antitaurus in Süd-Anatolien und ihre geographischen Beziehungen zur begleitenden Herpetofauna. Salamandra 33 (1): 33-60
  • Schmidtler,J.F. 1993. Zur Systematik und Phylogenie des Eirenis modestus-Komplexes in Süd-Anatolien. Spixiana 16 (1): 79-96 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler,J.F. & Baran,I. 1993. Eirenis modestus - Kopfbinden-Zwergnatter. In: Böhme,W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 3/I., Schlangen (Serpentes) I. Aula-Verlag Wiesbaden, pp. 279-292
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