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Elaphe quatuorlineata BONNATERRE, 1790

IUCN Red List - Elaphe quatuorlineata - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesElaphe quatuorlineata muenteri (BEDRIAGA, 1882)
Elaphe quatuorlineata quatuorlineata (BONNATERRE, 1790)
Elaphe quatuorlineata scyrensis CATTANEO, 1999
Elaphe quatuorlineata parensis CATTANEO 1999 
Common NamesE: Four-lined Ratsnake
G: Vierstreifennatter
sauromates: E: East-Four-lined Ratsnake
sauromates: G: Östliche Vierstreifennatter
NL: vierstreepslang 
SynonymColuber quatuorlineatus LACEPEDE 1789
Coluber quatuor-lineatus — BONNATERRE 1790: 44
Coluber nauii DONNDORF 1798: 206 (fide BOULENGER 1894)
Coluber quadristriatus DONNDORF 1798: 207 (fide BOULENGER 1894)
Coluber quaterradiatus GMELIN 1799: 158 (fide BOULENGER 1894)
Coluber quadrilineatus — DAUDIN 1803: 266
Coluber pictus PALLAS 1811: 45 (fide BOULENGER 1894)
Coluber alpestris MÉNÉTRIES 1832: 68 (fide BOULENGER 1894)
Coluber poecilocephalus FISCH. De WALDH. 1832: 575 (fide BOULENGER)
Elaphis sauromates var. graeca BEDRIAGA
Elaphis quater-radiatus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 254
Elaphis cervone SCHREIBER 1875: 254
Coluber quaterradiatus — BOETTGER 1891: 418
Coluber quatuorlineatus — BOULENGER 1894: 45
Coluber quatuorlineatus — BOULENGER 1913
Elaphe quatuorlineata preamatura WERNER 1935
Elaphe quattuorlineata — BUSEKE 1982 (in error)
Elaphe quatuorlineata — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Elaphe quatuorlineata — SCHULZ 1996: 209
Elaphe quatuorlineata — HELFENBERGER 2001
Elaphe quatuorlineata — UTIGER et al. 2002
Elaphe quatuorlineata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 262
Elaphe quatuorlineata — KWET & TRAPP 2015

Elaphe quatuorlineata quatuorlineata (LACÉPÈDE 1789)
Coluber quatuorlineatus LACEPEDE 1789
Elaphe quatuorlineata quatuorlineata — CATTANEO 1999

Elaphe quatuorlineata muenteri BEDRIAGA 1882
Elaphis sauromates var. muenteri BEDRIAGA 1882
Elaphe quatuorlineata rechingeri WERNER 1932
Elaphe rechingeri — CLARK 1994
Elaphe quatuorlineata muenteri — LENK et al. 2001
Elaphe rechingeri — WALLACH et al. 2014: 263 
Distributioncoastal Croatia (including some adriatic islands), Serbia, Slovenia, Hercegovina, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Greece (Paros, Skyros, Skopelos e Alonissos, Corfu = Corfou, Samothraki), W Bulgaria,
Italy: north to Tuscany and Umbria

Type locality: Provence, France

muenteri: Naxos, Amorgos, Ios, Folegandros, and a few other nearby islands, Greece (see Kornilios et al. 2014 for a map)

parensis: Paros Island, Greece

rechingeri: Greece (Amorgos Island); Type locality: Inseln Amorgos, (süd-östliche Cycladen), Cycladenarchipel” [= Amorgos Island, cenral Cyclades, SE Greece, bet. 36°46’–56’N & 25°44’–26°05’E].

scyrensis: Skyros Island, Greece Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: Coll. Cattaneo (King of France’s cabinet, Paris), location unknown
; Paratypes in ZFMK and in Coll. Cattaneo [parensis] 
CommentIllustration of Elaphe quatuorlineata muenteri in CIMATTI (2003).

Subspecies: Elaphe quatuorlineata sauromates is now treated as full species. Kornilios et al. 2014 support the recognition of three genetic lineages that roughly correspond to the morphological subspecies, although they recomment to re-evaluate the morphological characters used for their discrimination. However, the status of parensis remained unclear in this study due to the lack of samples. Wallach et al. 2014 cite Clark 1994 as source for the validity of E. rechingeri.

Pattern: While adults have longitudinal stripes, juveniles have oblique blotches.

The type locality in Lacepède (1789) is given as "Provence, France" in error for that species. It might be that the type specimen was in fact a Elaphe (now Rhinechis) scalaris (See Böhme & Scerbak 2003). Bonnaterre's description (1790) is based most probable on the same specimen. Lacepède's Work (1789) is rejected as invalid for Nomenclature (ICZN 1987). The next valid description is that of Bonnaterre (1790). Clarification of this complex nomenclatoric problem is needed.

Distribution: listed as questionable/possible for Jordan by DISI et al. 2001. Reports from Romania are E. sauromates (previously E. quatuorlineata suaromates). Not in Syria (as reported by BERGER -DELL’MOUR 1986); reports from Syria are E. sauromates. 
References
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