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Elaphe sauromates (PALLAS, 1811)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: East-Four-lined Ratsnake
G: Östliche Vierstreifennatter 
SynonymColuber sauromates PALLAS 1811: 42 (fide BOULENGER 1894)
Coluber xanthogaster ANDRZEJOWSKI 1832: 333
Coluber cereus DVIGUBSKIJ 1832: 27
Coluber fulvus DVIGUBSKIJ 1832: 27
Elaphe parreysi FITZINGER in WAGLER 1833
Coluber thaeniothys FISCHER 1837: 145
Tropidonotus sauromates — EICHWALD 1841: 111
Elaphis Sauromates — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 288
Elaphis sauromates — GÜNTHER 1888: 170
Coluber quatuorlineatus sauromates — WERNER 1899: 376
Elaphe sauromates — HELFENBERGER 2001
Elaphe sauromates — LENK et al. 2001
Elaphe sauromates — UTIGER et al. 2002
Elaphe sauromates — KWET & TRAPP 2015
Elaphe sauromates — WALLACH et al. 2014: 263 
DistributionTurkey, Syria, NE Grfeece, E Bulgaria, Ukraine, Romania, Moldova, Moldavia, S Ukraine, Lebanon, W Kazakhstan, S Russia (between Caspian and Black Sea), Slovenia, W Turkmenistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, E Republic of Georgia, N/W Iran, N Iraq, Israel

Type locality: restricted to Isthmus near Perekop, Tauria, Ukraina by Mertens & Müller (1928) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: unlocated (Mertens & Müller 1928) 
CommentType species: Elaphe parreysi FITZINGER in WAGLER 1833 (= Elaphe sauromates) is the type species of the genus Elaphe FITZINGER in WAGLER 1833.

Distribution: not in Iraq fide Habeeb & Rastegar-Pouyani 2016.

Synonymy mostly after HELFENBERGER 2001. 
References
  • Arakelyan, Marine S.; Felix D. Danielyan, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, and Alan E. Leviton 2011. The Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 154 pp. [ISBN: 978-0-916984-84-7.]
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Berthold,A.A. 1840. Ueber verschiedene neue oder seltene Amphibienarten. Abh. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 1: 47-72 [1842 ?]
  • Cogălniceanu, Dan; Laurentiu Rozylowicz, Paul Székely, Ciprian Samoilă, Florina Stănescu, Marian Tudor, Diana Székely, Ruben Iosif 2013. Diversity and distribution of reptiles in Romania. ZooKeys 341 (2013): 49-76 - get paper here
  • Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) 2010. Short review of last changes in the checklist of amphibians and reptiles of Kazakhstan. [in Russian]. In: Dujsebayeva, T. N. (ed.) Herpetological Researches in Kazakhstan and adjacent countries, p. 37-52
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1888. On a collection of reptiles from China. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 1: 165-172 - get paper here
  • Helfenberger, Notker 2001. Phylogenetic relationship of Old World Ratsnakes based on visceral organ topography, osteology, and allozyme variation. Russ. J. Herpetol. (Suppl.): 1-56 - get paper here
  • Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Kwet, Axel & Benny Trapp 2014. Liste der Reptilien Europas. Draco 15 (60): 72-79 - get paper here
  • Lenk, P.; Joger, U. & Wink, M. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships among European ratsnakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger based on mitochondrial DNA sequence comparisons. Amphibia-Reptilia 22 (3): 329-339 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R., and L. Müller. 1928. Liste der Amphibien und Reptilian Europas. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft. Frankfurt am Main. 41: 1-62.
  • Pallas, P. S. 1814. Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica, sistens omnium in extenso Imperio Rossico , et adjacentibus maribus observatorum recensionem, domicilia, mores et descriptiones, anatomen atque icones plurimorum. Vol. 3. Caesarea Academie Scientiarum; Petropoli. vii + 428 + cxxv pages. [1811-1831] - get paper here
  • Petrov B. P., N. Tzankov, H. Strijbosch, G. Popgeorgiev, V. Beshkov 2006. The herpetofauna (Amphibia and Reptilia) of the Western Rhodopes mountain (Bulgaria and Greece). In: Beron P. (ed.). Biodiversity of Bulgaria. 3. Biodiversity of Western Rhodopes (Bulgaria and Greece) I. Pensoft & Nat. Mus. Natur. Hist., Sofia, pp. 863-912
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Schlüter, U. 2006. Die Herpetofauna der bulgarischen Schwarzmeerküste - Teil 3: Schlangen. Elaphe 14 (2): 59-66
  • Schmidt, D. & Kunz, K. 2005. Ernährung von Schlangen. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 159 pp. - get paper here
  • Sos, T. 2008. Review of recent taxonomic and nomenclatural changes in European Amphibia and Reptilia related to Romanian herpetofauna. Herpetologica Romanica 2: 61-91
  • Thieme, U. 1986. Die Amphibien - und Reptilienfauna der südost - bulgarischen Küste, Teil 4: Reptilien 3. Sauria 8 (3): 3-6 - get paper here
  • TOSUNOGLU, M. & SERBEST, S. & PARLAK, S. & GÖKTÜRK, S. & ÇETIN, A. & ÜÇTEPE, A. & YAKIN, B. Y. & SAMSA, S. 2010. Some hematologic parameters of Elaphe sauromates (PALLAS, 1811) [Short Note]. Herpetozoa 23: - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2007. Reptilien und Amphibien des griechischen Festlandes. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 300 pp. - get paper here
  • Utiger, Urs, Notker Helfenberger, Beat Schätti, Catherine Schmidt, Markus Ruf and Vincent Ziswiler 2002. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Old World and New World ratsnakes, Elaphe Auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (2): 105-124. - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Werner, F. 1899. Beiträge zur Herpetologie der pacifischen Inselwelt und von Kleinasien. I. Bemerkungen über einige Reptilien aus Neu-Guinea und Polynesien. II. Über einige Reptilien und Batrachier aus Kleinasien. Zool. Anz. 22: 371-375, 375-378 - get paper here
 
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